of December 29, 2004 No. ZR-176
About export and import of cultural values
Accepted by National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia on December 6, 2004
This Law governs the relations arising when exporting and importing cultural values including prevention of illegal export or illegal import of cultural values and protection of the property rights concerning these values, task of protection of cultural heritage of the Republic of Armenia, the international cultural cooperation, cultural communication of the people of the Republic of Armenia and other states, establishes the rights and obligations of physical persons and legal entities, and also competence of state bodies of this sphere.
The legislation of the Republic of Armenia on export and import of cultural values is regulated by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, this Law, international treaties, other laws and legal acts of the Republic of Armenia.
If international treaties of the Republic of Armenia establish other regulations, than those which are provided by this Law then are effective regulations of international treaties.
In this Law the following basic concepts are used:
cultural heritage - the cultural values and objects of cultural appointment which are considered as waste product of human society;
cultural values - the objects and works which are considered as waste product of human society which irrespective of time of creation have important archaeological, ethnographic, historical, religious, art, scientific value;
objects of cultural appointment - the objects which are considered as waste product of human society including objects of serial or mass production, and also the work which irrespective of time of creation are not of cultural value;
objects of serial production - products which are turned out regularly or batches;
objects of mass production - products which are turned out by industrial method;
examination of cultural values - the culturological or art criticism research performed in the procedure established by the legislation thanks to which the expert opinion (the allowing document) on that is drawn is considered or the subject is not considered cultural value;
the certificate on the right of export or temporary export of cultural values - the document issued by authorized state body, certifying the right of export or temporary export of cultural values;
collection of cultural values - set of the homogeneous or picked-up for certain sign diverse objects which irrespective of cultural value of each of them has in general important archaeological, ethnographic, historical, religious, art, scientific value;
the security list of cultural values - the register of the cultural values registered in the state storages, and also which are not considered as state-owned property and kept the state in non-state storages.
In the security list of cultural values they can be registered only at the request of their owners;
the list of the most important values of cultural heritage of the Republic of Armenia - the values representing exclusive importance for cultural heritage.
Operation of this Law extends to the following categories of cultural values:
1) historical objects, including the objects connected with memorable events in the life of people, development of society and state, history of science and technology, and also life and activities of outstanding people (the state, political, public figures, cultural figures, national heroes), family relics;
2) the finds acquired as a result of archaeological researches and excavation and also the objects of historical and archaeological nature found during earth, construction, meliorative and other works;
3) art values, including:
a) pictures and drawings, entirely or partially made manually in any way and of any materials,
b) sculptural works from any material,
c) art compositions and the combined designs (installations) from any materials,
d) artly drawn up objects of cult appointment, including icons,
e) engravings, prints, lithographs and their other printing forms,
e) works of applied art, including art products from glass, ceramics, tree, metal, bones, fabric and other materials,
g) works of traditional national crafts;
4) components and fragments historical and art, including literary, monuments;
5) components and fragments of the hand-written and printing literary, historiographic monuments which are of cult value;
6) ancient books, documents separately or in collections;
7) rare manuscripts and documentary monuments, archives, including phono - video, photo and film archives;
8) musical instruments;
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