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ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of March 11, 2010 No. 138

About approval of Federal rules of use of airspace of the Russian Federation

(as amended on 21-06-2023)

According to article 2 of the Air code of the Russian Federation the Government of the Russian Federation decides:

1. Approve the enclosed Federal rules of use of airspace of the Russian Federation.

2. Recognize invalid:

the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of September 22, 1999 No. 1084 "About approval of Federal rules of use of airspace of the Russian Federation" (The Russian Federation Code, 1999, No. 40, the Art. 4861);

Item of 11 changes which are made to acts of the Government of the Russian Federation concerning licensing of the separate types of activity approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 14, 2006 No. 767 "About change and recognition voided some acts of the Government of the Russian Federation concerning licensing of separate types of activity" (The Russian Federation Code, 2006, No. 52, the Art. 5587).

3. This resolution becomes effective since November 1, 2010 and is effective till November 1, 2026.

 Russian Prime Minister

V. Putin

 

Approved by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 11, 2010 No. 138

Federal rules of use of airspace of the Russian Federation

I. General provisions

1. These Federal rules developed according to the Air code of the Russian Federation and the Convention on the international civil aviation signed in Chicago on December 7, 1944 establish procedure for use of airspace of the Russian Federation for the benefit of economy and defense of the country, for the purpose of requirements satisfaction of airspace users, safety control of use of airspace.

2. In these Federal rules the following determinations are used:

"the emergency notification" - the notification of search and rescue services on air vehicles, in distress;

"airline hub" - consolidation of close located areas of airfields (helidromes) which general borders and the organization of accomplishment of flights from which requires approval and coordinating have;

"aeronautical data" - the data on airfields, airline hubs, elements of structure of airspace and means of radio engineering providing necessary for the organization and accomplishment of flights;

"aeronautical information" - information obtained as a result of selection, the analysis and formatting of aeronautical data;

"aerostat" - the flight vehicle which lifting force is based on aero static or at the same time aero static and aerodynamic principles. Aerostats are subdivided on piloted, automatic, fastened and free;

"safety of use of airspace" - the complex characteristic of established procedure of use of airspace determining it capability to provide accomplishment of all types of activity on use of airspace without threat of life and to human health, material damage to the state, citizens and legal entities;

the paragraph of the eighth ceased to be valid according to the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 03.02.2020 No. 74

"side echeloning" - dispersion of air vehicles at one height on the established distance intervals or to angular displacement between their track lines;

"vertical separation" - dispersion of piloting aircrafts on height on the established intervals expressed in sizes of absolute (relative) altitude when flying at transition height below and through flight levels when flying on transition flight level above;

"visual flight of the drone aircraft" - flight of the drone aircraft during which his external pilot supports direct bespriborny visual contact with this air vehicle;

"airway" - the controlled airspace (or its part) in the form of corridor limited on height and width;

"air traffic" - air vehicles (flight vehicles) which are in flight or moving on the airfield maneuvering area;

"air the judgment violator" - the air vehicle (flight vehicle) which allowed violation of procedure for use of airspace of the Russian Federation or crossed frontier of the Russian Federation with violation of statutory rules;

"airway of flight of frontier of the Russian Federation" - the part of airspace over frontier of the Russian Federation determined for crossing by its air vehicles which are carrying out the international flights;

"the temporary mode" - prohibition or restriction of use of airspace of the Russian Federation in its certain areas;

the paragraph the seventeenth ceased to be valid according to the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 02.12.2020 No. 1991

"horizontal echeloning" - dispersion of air vehicles in horizontal plane on distance on the established intervals;

"dispatching servicing" - services (management) provided for the purpose of collision avoidance between air vehicles and collisions of air vehicles with obstacles in the maneuvering area and also for the purpose of regulation of air traffic;

"air traffic control clearance" - permission to aircraft crew to be effective in accordance with the terms, finished by body of air traffic maintenance (flight management);

"airship" - the flight vehicle moving in the atmosphere by means of the power unit and managed on height, the direction, speed;

"the document of aeronautical information" - the publication containing aeronautical information;

"Single system" - the Single system of air traffic management of the Russian Federation;

"prohibited area" - airspace of the Russian Federation of the established sizes within which use of airspace is forbidden, except as specified, provided by these Federal rules;

"zone of restriction of flights" - airspace of the Russian Federation of the established sizes within which flights of air vehicles are limited to certain conditions;

"zone (area) of the Single system" - airspace of the established sizes within which operational bodies of the Single system perform the functions;

"use of airspace" - activities in the course of which movement in airspace of different material objects (air vehicles, rockets and other objects) is performed and also other activities (construction of high-rise constructions, activities in the course of which there are electromagnetic and other radiations emission in the atmosphere of the substances worsening visibility, carrying out explosive works, etc.) which can pose safety hazard of air traffic;

"controlled airfield" - airfield in which dispatching servicing of airfield movement regardless of availability of control zone is provided;

"controlled airspace" - airspace of certain sizes within which dispatching servicing is provided;

"coordinating of use of airspace" - the activities performed in planning process of use of airspace and servicing (management) of air traffic, directed to optimization of airspace depending on the developing air, airflow, aeronavigation situation and according to the state priorities in use of airspace;

"short-term restriction" - prohibition or restriction of use of airspace for ensuring safe accomplishment of flights of air vehicles;

"route of air traffic maintenance" - the established route which is intended for movement direction of flow for the purpose of ensuring air traffic maintenance;

"flight track" - the projection of the set (established) flight path of the air vehicle to earth's (water) surface determined by ports of reference;

"route of area navigation" - the route of air traffic maintenance established for air vehicles which can apply area navigation;

"the international airway" - the airway open for the international flights;

"local airline" - the controlled airspace (below transition flight level) in the form of corridor limited on height and width;

"the local mode" - prohibition or restriction of use of airspace in certain regions of airspace of zone of the Single system;

"uncontrollable airfield" - airfield in which dispatching services are not provided;

"the notice of NOTAM" - the notice transferred on communication channels and containing information on condition of the aeronautical equipment, elements of structure of airspace, the timely prevention of which is important for the personnel connected with accomplishment of flights of air vehicles and also other aeronautical information;

"air traffic maintenance" - flight and information servicing, the emergency notification, dispatching servicing;

"danger area" - airspace of the established sizes within which during certain periods of time the activities constituting danger to flights of air vehicles can be performed;

"bodies of the Single system" - governing bodies (Federal Air Transport Agency and its territorial authorities), and also operational bodies of the Single system;

"bodies of air traffic maintenance (flight management)" - operational bodies of the Single system, bodies of air traffic maintenance (flight management) of airspace users, operators of the airfields of civil aviation which are not included in structure of the airports of federal importance which list is approved by the Government of the Russian Federation according to article 40 of the Air code of the Russian Federation, and also operators of helidromes of civil aviation;

"bodies of antiaircraft protection" - operational bodies of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation to which the task of execution of alert on antiaircraft protection is assigned;

"the plan of use of airspace" - the certain data on the planned activities represented to the centers of the Single system;

"planning of use of airspace" - the activities performed for the purpose of providing allowing and notifying procedure for use of airspace, air traffic management, the organization of flows of air traffic by distribution of airspace in the place, time and height between its users according to the state priorities;

"flight and information air traffic maintenance" - servicing which purpose is provision of consultations and information for ensuring safe and effective implementation of flights;

"airspace users" - the physical persons and legal entities given in accordance with the established procedure the right to implementation of activities for use of airspace;

"aerodrome environs" - the site, adjacent to airfield, terrestrial or surface of the water within which (for the purpose of safety-of-life function and exception of harmful effects on human health and organization activity) the zone with special conditions of use of the territory is established;

"longitudinal echeloning" - dispersion of air vehicles at one height on the established time distances or to distance along track line;

"one-time flight" - any aircraft flight which is not scheduled flight;

"permission to use of airspace" - provision to the airspace user of the right to be effective in accordance with the terms, the finished centers of the Single system;

"terminal area" - airspace of air traffic maintenance of airfield (the terminal control area, control zone) or part of airspace of the established sizes intended for the organization of accomplishment of flights for schemes of departure, landing approach, go-around, circling flight;

"the region of airline hub" - the part of airspace intended for the organization of accomplishment of local flights with 2 and more close located airfields;

"the district center" - the operational body of the Single system intended for the organization of use of airspace in the region of the Single system;

"the region of flight information" - airspace of certain sizes within which flight and information servicing and the emergency notification are provided;

"communication" the dispatcher - the pilot" on air-ground data link" - communicating device between the dispatcher and the pilot for the purpose of air traffic control with use of air-ground data link;

"watch system of air traffic maintenance" - systems of broadcasting automatic dependent surveillance, primary surveillance radar, secondary surveillance radar or any other land (air, sea) the system allowing to identify the air vehicle and providing the level of aviation safety and the characteristic not worse provided with monopulse secondary surveillance radar;

"the reduced vertical separation spacing (RVSM)" - the vertical separation spacing applied in the range from flight level 290 to flight level 410 to aircraft separation, having the admission to flights using RVSM;

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