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of May 31, 1996 No. ZR-59

About the child's rights

(as amended on 22-09-2023)

Accepted by National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia on May 29, 1996

This Law establishes the rights of the child, obligation of the state, relevant organs and citizens, and also program bases of implementation of state policy in the field of protection of the rights of the child and governs the related relations.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Limits of operation of the Law

The state proceeds from first priority of the principles of training of the child for full-fledged life in society, developments in it public and creative activity, education of high moral qualities, patriotism and education of the citizen in it. The child is under protection and protection of the state and society.

The part two voided according to the Law of the Republic of Armenia of 29.06.2022 No. ZR-273

Article 1.1. The basic concepts used in the Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) the child – each person which did not reach 18 years, except as specified when it in the procedure established by the law acquires capacity to act or is recognized capable earlier;

2) programs of prevention of risks of separation of children with families – the programs performed by the state or on delegation by the state or the private organizations, directed to prevention of risk of distinction of the child with family or realization of its right to live in family;

3) alternative care for the child – the leaving organized in case of impossibility of accommodation of the child in biological family who can be by adoption of establishment of guardianship or custody, care, and in case of impossibility of they are the organizations of leaving in institutions of social protection of the population (orphanages).

Article 2. Legislation on the child's rights

The child's rights in the Republic of Armenia are determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, international ratified by agreements of the Republic of Armenia, this Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Armenia. If international treaties of the Republic of Armenia establish other regulations, governing laws of the child, than those which are provided by this Law then are effective regulations of the international treaty.

Article 3. The bodies protecting the child's rights

Protection of the rights of the child is performed by authorized state body and local government bodies. The state cooperates with persons and public associations promoting protection of the rights of the child through relevant organs.

Article 4. Equality of children

Children have the equal rights, irrespective of nationality, race, floor, language, religion, social origin, property or other status, education, the residence of their and their parents or other legal representatives (adoptive parents, guardians or custodians), from circumstance of the birth, the state of health of the child or other circumstance.

Chapter 2. Basic rights of the child and their guarantee

Article 5. Child's right to life

Each child has the right to life.

The state and its relevant organs create necessary conditions for life and development of the child.

Article 6. The child's right addressed to and nationality

Each child from the moment of the birth has the right addressed to and nationality. The fact of the birth of the child in the procedure established by the Law is registered body of civil registration.

The child acquires nationality, his nationality stops according to the procedure, established by the Law of the Republic of Armenia "About citizenship of the Republic of Armenia".

Article 7. Child's right to health protection

Each child has the right to protection and strengthening of health.

The relevant state bodies provide the child with opportunity free or on favorable terms uses of health services within target monthly health programs.

Article 8. Child's right to necessary vital conditions

Each child has the right to the vital conditions necessary for full physical, intellectual and spiritual development.

In question of providing necessary vital conditions for development of the child the main responsibility is born by parents or other legal representatives.

In case of inability of pla of impossibility of providing with parents or other legal representatives of necessary vital conditions for the child the state gives appropriate assistance.

Article 9. Child's right to protection against violence

Each child has right of defense from any violence (physical, moral and another).

To any person, including parents or other legal representatives, it is forbidden to subject the child to violence or the punishment degrading its advantage or other similar relation.

In case of violation of the rights and legitimate interests of the child the violator bears responsibility according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Armenia.

The state and its relevant organs perform protection of the child against any violence, operation, involvement in criminal activities, including against the use of drugs, involvement in their production or trade, begging, debauchery, gamblings and against other violation of its rights and legitimate interests.

The procedure for the direction of the child who underwent to violence in relevant organs for the purpose of provision of protection or the help, form of the help provided to the child who underwent to violence, and procedure for their provision establishes the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

Article 10. Child's right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion

Each child has right to liberty of thought, conscience and religion. Views, beliefs and judgments of the child are subject to due attention according to its age and maturity.

The right to liberty of religion and expression of views can be limited only under the law if it is necessary for protection of the state or public security, public order, health, moral shape of the child or basic rights and freedoms of other persons.

Each child has the right of free expression of the opinion, search, obtaining and transfer of the ideas and information by means of any communication medium. The child's right to receipt of information can be limited to the law.

Participation of the child up to 16 years in the religious organizations without the consent of the parent or other legal representative is forbidden.

Article 11. Child's right to education

Each child has the right to education and the choice of educational institution.


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