Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2021 SojuzPravoInform LLC

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of February 3, 2009 No. 20

About the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information

(as amended on 16-12-2020)

The Parliament adopts this organic law.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Regulation subject

This law regulates the legal relationship connected with:

a) the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information;

b) system of mutual assistance in the field of the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information, protection and assistance to service providers and users of computer systems;

c) cooperation of bodies of public management with non-governmental organizations, other representatives of civil society in activities for the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information;

d) cooperation with other states, international and regional organizations, competent in the field.

Article 2. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this law the following basic concepts are used in value:

computer system - any device or set of the interconnected or adjacent devices, one or several of which, being effective according to the program, perform data automation;

computer data - any fact view, data or concepts of the form suitable for processing by means of computer system, including the programs intended for accomplishment by computer system of these or those actions;

the service provider - any government or private institution providing to users of the services rendered by it opportunity to exchange data by means of computer system, and also any other structure performing processing or storage of computer data on the order of the communication service or users of its services;

data on information flows - any data connected with transactions on information transfer by means of computer system which are generated by the computer system which is link of the corresponding communication chain and specify source, appointment, route, time, date, the size, duration or type of the corresponding network service;

data on users - any information on his subscribers which is available for the service provider in the form of computer data or any other form, except data on flows or contents of information by means of which it is possible to establish: type of the used communication service, the measures of technical supply taken for this purpose and the period of rendering service; the identity of the subscriber, its postal or geographical address, phone number and any other contact number, data on the bills which are made out it and the payments made by it which are available in the agreement or the service agreement; any other data on installation site of the communication equipment which are available in the agreement or the service agreement and also any other data which can lead to identification of the user;

security measures - application of procedures, devices or specialized computer programs by means of which access to any computer system is limited or prohibited for some categories of users.

Article 3. The basic principles of the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information

The prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information are based on the following principles:

a) legality;

b) observance of basic rights and human freedoms;

c) efficiency;

d) inevitability of punishment;

e) computer safety and personal data protection;

f) complex use of preventive measures: legal, social and economic and information;

g) social partnership, cooperation of bodies of public management with the international organizations, non-governmental organizations, other representatives of civil society.

Chapter II. Institutional base

Article 4. Powers of competent public authorities and organizations in the field of the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information

(The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Service of information and safety constitute 1) and constantly staticize databases about crime in the field of computer information.

(2) the Ministry of Internal Affairs holds special search events, criminal prosecution, international cooperation, identification of persons who committed crimes in the field of computer information.

(3) the Service of information and safety performs actions for the prevention and fight against crime in the field of the computer information posing threat of homeland security holds investigation and search operations, takes measures for identification of bonds of the international criminal organizations, performs other actions within the competence.

(4) Prosecutor General's Office:

a) coordinates, directs and performs criminal prosecution according to the procedure, provided by the law;

b) disposes, within implementation of criminal prosecution in connection with the appeal of criminal prosecution authority or on own initiative, about immediate preserving computer data or data on information flows concerning which there is danger of their destruction or damage, according to the criminal procedure legislation;

c) brings on behalf of the state charge in degrees of jurisdiction according to the procedure, provided by the law.

(5) the Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure jointly with Service of information and safety is represented by offers on ensuring protection and safety of computer data.

(6) the National institute of justice provides professional enhancement of the personnel involved in implementation of justice in the field of fight against computer crime.

Article 5. Interaction of competent authorities in the field of the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information

Within activities for the prevention and fight against crime in the field of computer information competent authorities, service providers, non-governmental organizations, other representatives of civil society cooperate by means of exchange of information, experts, by carrying out joint activities for disclosure of crimes and to identification of criminals, personnel trainings, realization of initiatives for the purpose of implementation of programs, the practician, measures, procedures, implementation of the minimum standards of safety of computer systems, will organize campaigns for informing on computer crime and risks to which users of computer systems are exposed, and also perform other activities in the field.

Article 6. Obligations of owners of computer systems

Owners of computer systems, access to which is prohibited or limited for some categories of users, shall warn users about legal conditions of access and use, and also about consequence in law of unauthorized access to these computer systems. The prevention shall be available to each user.

Article 7. Obligations of the service provider

(1) Service providers shall:

a) record users of services;

Warning!!!

This is not a full text of document! Document shown in Demo mode!

If you have active License, please Login, or get License for Full Access.

With Full access you can get: full text of document, original text of document in Russian, attachments (if exist) and see History and Statistics of your work.

Get License for Full Access Now

Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info

Effectively work with search system

Database include more 50000 documents. You can find needed documents using search system. For effective work you can mix any on documents parameters: country, documents type, date range, teams or tags.
More about search system

Get help

If you cannot find the required document, or you do not know where to begin, go to Help section.

In this section, we’ve tried to describe in detail the features and capabilities of the system, as well as the most effective techniques for working with the database.

You also may open the section Frequently asked questions. This section provides answers to questions set by users.

Search engine created by SojuzPravoInform LLC. UI/UX design by Intelliants.