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CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

of July 5, 1995

(In edition of the Laws of the Republic of Armenia of 27.11.2005, 06.12.2015)

The Armenian people, based on the fundamental principles of the Armenian statehood and the national purposes enshrined in the Declaration on independence of Armenia, having performed sacred precept of the freedom-loving ancestors about recovery of sovereign statehood, being committed to case of strengthening and development of the Homeland for ensuring freedom, general welfare, civil consent for descendants, confirming the fidelity to universal values, accepts the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia.

Chapter 1. Bases of the constitutional system

Article 1.

The Republic of Armenia – the sovereign, democratic, social, constitutional state.

Article 2.

The power in the Republic of Armenia belongs to the people.

The people perform the power by means of free elections, referenda, and also through the state bodies provided by the Constitution, local government bodies and officials.

Usurpation of the power by any organization or the personality is crime.

Article 3. Person, its advantage, basic rights and freedoms

1. In the Republic of Armenia the person is the supreme value. Inaliennable advantage of the person is the integral basis of its rights and freedoms.

2. The respect and protection of basic rights and freedoms of man and citizen are obligations of the public authorities.

3. The public power is limited to the basic rights and freedoms of man and citizen which are directly the law in force.

Article 4. Principle of separation and balance of the authorities

The government is performed according to the Constitution and the laws

– on the basis of separation and balance of the legislative, executive and judicial authorities.

Article 5. Hierarchy of precepts of law

1. The constitution has the highest legal force.

2. The laws shall correspond to the constitutional laws, and subordinate regulatory legal acts – to the constitutional laws and the laws.

3. In case of contradiction between regulations of the international treaties ratified by the Republic of Armenia, and the laws of the Republic of Armenia regulations of international treaties are applied.

Article 6. Principle of legality

1. State bodies and local government bodies and officials are competent to perform only such operations on which they are authorized by the Constitution and the laws.

2. The bodies provided by the Constitution on the basis of the Constitution and the laws and for the purpose of ensuring their implementation can be authorized by the law on acceptance of subordinate regulatory legal acts. Authorizing norms shall correspond to the principle of legal definiteness.

3. The laws and subordinate regulatory legal acts become effective after their publication according to the procedure, established by the law.

Article 7. Principles of the voting right

Elections to National Assembly and local government boards, and also referenda are held on the basis of general, equal, free and direct suffrage by secret vote.

Article 8. Ideological pluralism and multi-party system

In the Republic of Armenia the right to property is recognized and protected.

In the Republic of Armenia freedom of economic activity and the free economic competition are guaranteed.

Article 9. Guarantee of local self-government

In the Republic of Armenia local self-government as one of essential basic principles of democracy is guaranteed.

Article 10. Property guarantee

1. The Republic of Armenia is recognized and all patterns of ownership are similarly protected.

2. Subsoil and water resources are exclusive property of the state.

Article 12. Protection and sustainable development of the environment

1. The state stimulates protection, improvement and recovery of the environment, rational use of natural resources, being guided by the principle of sustainable development and taking into account responsibility to future generations.

2. Everyone shall show care of environmental protection.

Article 13. Foreign policy

The foreign policy of the Republic of Armenia is performed on the basis of international law for the purpose of establishment of good-neighbourhood, mutually beneficial relations with all states.

Article 14. Armed forces and defense

1. Armed forces of the Republic of Armenia provide protection, safety, territorial integrity and immunity of borders of the Republic of Armenia.

2. Armed forces of the Republic of Armenia observe neutrality in political affairs and are under civil control.

3. Each citizen shall participate in the procedure established by the law in protection of the Republic of Armenia.

Article 15. Stimulation of culture, education, science, protection of Armenian and cultural heritage

1. The state stimulates cultural development, science and education.

2. Armenian and the Armenian cultural heritage are under guardianship and protection of the state.

Article 16. Protection of family

Family as natural and basic cell of society, basis of preserving and reproduction of the population, and also motherhood and the childhood are under special protection and special protection of the state.

Article 17. State and religious organizations

1. In the Republic of Armenia freedom of activities of the religious organizations is guaranteed.

2. The religious organizations are separated the state.

Article 18. Armenian Apostolic Sacred Church

1. The Republic of Armenia recognizes the exclusive mission of the Armenian Apostolic Sacred Church as national church in spiritual life of the Armenian people, in development of its national culture and preserving its national originality.

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