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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

of May 16, 2001 No. ZR-177

About police

(as amended on 10-07-2023)

Accepted on April 16, 2001

This Law regulates concept of police, its task, the legal basis and the principles of the organization and activities, obligation and right, structure, responsibility of employees of police, and also the state guarantees of legal and social security, procedure for financing, material logistics and control of activities of police.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Concept of police

The police of the Republic of Armenia is the body of system of public administration constituting single system (further - police), acting in subordination of the relevant ministry (further – Authorized body) which when implementing the tasks provided by part one of article 2 of the Law has the right of application of enforcement measures in the cases, procedure and limits provided by this Law.

Article 2. Tasks of police

Tasks of police consist in providing according to the law:

1) safety of the person in the cases provided by this Law;

2) prevention, prevention and control of offenses and administrative offenses;

3) identifications and disclosures of crimes;

3. 1) conducting inquiry in the cases and procedure provided by the Code of penal procedure of the Republic of Armenia;

3. 2) assistance to carrying out evidential and other production actions in the cases provided by the law and procedure;

4) protection of public order and public safety;

4. 1) traffic safety;

5) equal protection of all patterns of ownership;

6) assistance to physical persons and legal entities in protection of their rights and interests in the limits provided by this Law.

Other tasks can be assigned to police only by this Law.

Article 3. Principles of activities of police

Activities of police are based on the principles of legality, respect of the rights and freedoms, honor and advantage of the personality, humanity and publicity.

The police when implementing the powers shall be guided by need of protection of the rights and freedoms and respect of man and citizen fixed by the Constitution, the principles of their equality, proportionality in implementation of powers and prohibition on arbitrary behavior.

Implementation of powers of forced nature by club shall be directed to the purposes pursued by the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Armenia, and means of their achievement shall be suitable, necessary and moderate.

The police when implementing the tasks cooperates with state bodies and local self-government, other law enforcement agencies, and also with the organizations and physical persons.

Intervention in activities of police is forbidden, the cases except for provided by the law.

Article 3.1. Symbols of Police

1. Symbols of Police are the flag and the coat of arms.

2. The charter about flag and the coat of arms, and also their description is approved by the Head of authorized body.

Article 4. Legal regulation of activities of police

Activities of police are regulated by the Constitution, this Law, other laws and legal acts, and also international treaties of the Republic of Armenia.

The obligations allocated for police by other laws and legal acts regulating activities of police shall correspond to the tasks listed in article 2 of this Law.

Article 5. Activities of police and guarantee of immunity of the person

Within the powers assigned to it by the law the police protects human rights and freedoms, and also legitimate interests, irrespective of its floor, race, skin color, ethnic or social origin, genetic signs, language, religion, outlook, political or different views, belonging to ethnic minority, property status, the birth, disability, age or other circumstances of personal or social nature.

Actions of police shall not violate human right on life, physical or mental integrity, advantage, honor and kind reputation, the property right, and also other rights and freedoms. Exposure of the person by police to tortures, the inhuman or humiliating treatment attracts the responsibility provided by the law.

Restrictions of human rights and freedoms by police are admissible only in the cases, procedure and limits provided by the law. The measures chosen for restriction shall be equivalent to value of the limited basic rights and freedom.

Police officers in case of any restriction of human rights and freedoms shall show immediately to it the bases and the reasons of restriction, to acquaint and explain following from this right and obligation in language available and clear to it, and also to promote realization of its rights.

At the request of the person the notification on its rights and obligations is made in writing. The list of the rights which are subject to the notification, and the notification procedure affirm the head of Authorized body. Forms of the protocol on the oral notice on the rights following from human rights and freedoms, and form of the notice in writing on the rights connected with deprivation of the person of freedom are approved by the head of Authorized body.

The police shall from the moment of entrance to the office building of police, but no later than the moment of the expiration of 3 hours after the actual deprivation of person of freedom, give to the detained person real opportunity to use the right of receipt of legal aid, and also to report to person chosen by it about the location, except as specified, provided by part 6 of Article 110 of the Code of penal procedure, to communicate and see the lawyer and in case of his desire to undergo to medical examination. In case of need the police takes measures for the detained person for rendering medical and (or) other care to them, and also on elimination of danger, life-threatening, to health, property of person or members of his family in connection with his detention.

The police shall give to the detained person real opportunity in the cases provided by the law to use the rights granted to the person accused by the Code of penal procedure of the Republic of Armenia.

The police shall give to the person access to the documents or materials which are directly affecting its rights and freedoms if the law does not provide other.

The police has no right to collect, to store, use and spread the information relating to private and family life of the person, except as specified, established by the law.

Personal data from the electronic bases conducted by Police are transferred to state bodies and local government bodies, and also legal entities in the cases which are directly provided by the law. The police provides access to electronic bases for the bodies performing criminal prosecution for the purpose of use of information within their powers, except for the bases containing the data containing the state secret from which information can be provided in the cases and procedure provided by the Law "About the State Secret".

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