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The resolution of November 25, 2008 No. 31-14 is accepted at the thirty first plenary session of Inter-parliamentary Assembly of the State Parties of the CIS


About the status of the scientist and scientist

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. Purpose and subject of legal regulation of this Law

The purpose of this Law is creation of the legal basis for development and implementation of measures of the state support and stimulation of scientific, scientific and technical, scientific and pedagogical and innovative activities of the scientists directed to assistance to development of science for the benefit of economic, social and spiritual progress of the State Parties of the CIS (further - the states).

Subject of legal regulation of this Law are the public relations in the field of providing and protection of the rights and freedoms of scientists and scientists connected with implementation of professional scientific activity by them, protection of copyright and related rights of scientists and scientists, and also the rights to the intellectual property items received by them in case of accomplishment of research and development. The law determines the status, the rights and obligations of scientists and scientists, the state guarantees of ensuring scientific activities and social protection of scientists and scientists.

Article 2. Basic concepts and determinations

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

science - the sphere of human activities which functions are studying of the objective laws of material world, theoretical reasons and systematization of the gained knowledge for the purpose of their rational use;

the state scientific and technical policy - the component of social and economic policy expressing the relation of the state to scientific and scientific and technical activities, determining main objectives, the directions, the principles, forms and methods of activities of the different organizations in science and technology, realization of scientific and technical achievements, creations of new technologies including for the purpose of ensuring national security;

authorized state body - the executive body of the government performing management in the field of science and scientific and technical activities;

scientific activities - the creative activities directed to receipt of new knowledge of the nature, the person and society and to use of scientific knowledge and new methods of their application for the benefit of scientific and technical progress, economic welfare, humanitarian cooperation, cultural and moral development, ensuring human health, safety of their life activity and preserving the environment;

scientific and technical activities - the creative activities directed to obtaining and practical use of new knowledge in all industries of the equipment and technologies for the purpose of creation new or enhancements of the existing methods and policy tools of specific production and engineering procedures.

Types and forms of the organization and specialization in the field of scientific, scientific and technical activities, legal position of the organizations performing scientific and scientific and technical activities are determined by the laws on science, scientific and scientific and technical activities of the states;

scientific and pedagogical activities - the activities connected with teaching scientific and special disciplines, with training of specialists with the higher education (bachelors, masters) and scientific personnel (candidates of science, doctors of philosophy (PhD)) and also with advanced training of specialists with the higher education.

Types and forms of the organization of scientific and pedagogical activities, the status of the organizations performing scientific and pedagogical activities are determined by education laws of the states;

innovative activities - the business activity connected with commercialization of results of scientific and technical activities, intellectual property items and industrial property, with performance of works, connected with creation and application of high technologies (methods) of production, with development and realization of new or advanced type of product (goods, service) and aimed at providing economic growth and competitiveness of production.


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