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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 24, 2009 No. 209-FZ

About hunting and about preserving hunting resources and about modification of separate legal acts of the Russian Federation

(as amended on 22-12-2020)

Accepted by the State Duma on July 17, 2009

Approved by the Federation Council on July 18, 2009

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purpose of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) hunting resources - fauna objects which according to this Federal Law and (or) the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation are used or can be used for the purpose of hunting;

2) hunting economy - field of activity on preserving and use of hunting resources and circles of their dwelling, on creation of hunting infrastructure, rendering services in this sphere, and also on purchase, production and sale of products of hunting;

3) preserving hunting resources - activities for maintenance of hunting resources in the condition allowing to provide specific variety and to keep their number in the limits necessary for their expanded reproduction;

4) production of hunting resources - catching or shooting of hunting resources;

5) hunting - the activities connected with search, tracing, prosecution of hunting resources, their production, primary conversion and transportation;

6) hunting tools - the fire, pneumatic, hunting throwing small and cold weapon carried to hunting weapon according to the Federal Law of December 13, 1996 No. 150-FZ "About weapon" (further - the Federal Law "About Weapon"), and also ammunition, metayemy shells to hunting throwing small arms, the traps and other devices, devices, the equipment used when implementing hunting;

7) hunting methods - methods and the methods used when implementing hunting including with use of hunting constructions, dogs of hunting breeds, hunting birds;

8) hunting terms - the terms determined by the period during which production of hunting resources is allowed;

9) hunting products - the caught or shot wild animals, their meat, the furs and other products determined according to the All-Russian Product Classifier;

10) trade hunting - the hunting performed by legal entities and individual entrepreneurs for the purpose of procurement, production and sale of products of hunting;

11) amateur and sports hunting - the hunting performed by physical persons for the purpose of private consumption of products of hunting and in the recreational purposes;

12) services in the field of hunting economy - the services rendered to hunters, services in studying of hunting grounds and other services determined according to the all-Russian qualifiers of types of economic activity, products, services;

13) limit of production of hunting resources - amount of admissible annual production of hunting resources;

14) quota of production of hunting resources - part of limit of production of hunting resources which is determined concerning each hunting ground;

15) hunting grounds - the territories in which borders implementation of types of activity in the field of hunting economy is allowed;

16) permission to production of hunting resources - the document certifying the right to production of hunting resources.

Article 2. The basic principles of legal regulation in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources

Legal regulation in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources is based on the following principles:

1) ensuring steady existence and steady use of hunting resources, preserving their biological diversity;

2) establishment of the differentiated legal regime of hunting resources taking into account their biological features, economic value, availability to use and other factors;

3) participation of citizens and public associations in preparation of the decisions concerning hunting resources and the circle of their dwelling, according to the procedure and in forms which are established by the legislation of the Russian Federation;

4) accounting of interests of the population for which hunting is existence basis, including indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation;

5) use of hunting resources using the tools of hunting and methods of hunting conforming to requirements of humanity and prevention of ill treatment of animals including by preparation and training of dogs of hunting breeds;

6) publicity of provision in use of hunting resources;

7) scoping of production of hunting resources taking into account ecological, social and economic factors;

8) paid nature of use of hunting resources.

Article 3. Legal regulation in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources

Legal regulation in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources is performed by this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation adopted according to them.

Article 4. The relations regulated by this Federal Law

1. This Federal Law governs the relations arising in connection with implementation of types of activity in the field of hunting economy (further - the relations in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources).

2. The property relations connected with turnover of hunting resources and products of hunting are regulated by the civil legislation if other is not provided by this Federal Law.

3. Operation of this Federal Law extends to the relations connected with content and cultivation of the hunting resources which are in semi-free conditions and artificially created habitat.

Article 5. Participants of the relations in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources

Participants of the relations in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources are the Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation, municipalities, physical persons and legal entities.

Article 6. Actions for preserving hunting resources and circle their dwellings and creation of hunting infrastructure

1. Holding actions for preserving hunting resources and the circle their dwellings and creation of hunting infrastructure is provided with public authorities within their powers determined by Articles 32 - 34 presents of the Federal Law, and in the cases provided by this Federal Law legal entities, individual entrepreneurs.

2. Purchases of goods, works, services for the purpose of holding actions for preserving hunting resources and the circle of their dwelling and creation of hunting infrastructure are performed in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation about contractual system in the field of purchases of goods, works, services for ensuring the state and municipal needs, except for purchases of goods, works, services of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs to whom provisions of the specified legislation do not extend.

Article 7. Hunting grounds

1. Borders of hunting grounds join lands which legal regime allows implementation of types of activity in the field of hunting economy.

2. Hunting grounds are subdivided on:

1) hunting grounds which are used by legal entities, individual entrepreneurs on the bases provided by this Federal Law (further - the fixed hunting grounds);

2) hunting grounds in which physical persons have the right freely to stay for the purpose of hunting (further - public hunting grounds).

3. Public hunting grounds shall constitute at least than twenty percent from total area of hunting grounds of the subject of the Russian Federation.

4. Hunting grounds can be used for implementation of one or several types of hunting.

Article 8. Right to production of hunting resources

1. The right to production of hunting resources arises at physical persons and legal entities on the bases and according to the procedure which are provided by this Federal Law.

2. Physical persons and legal entities perform the right to production of hunting resources in hunting grounds if other is not provided by this Federal Law.

3. The right to production of hunting resources arises from the moment of issue of permission to their production if other is not provided by this Federal Law.

4. The termination of the right to production of hunting resources is performed on the bases and according to the procedure which are provided by the Federal Law of April 24, 1995 No. 52-FZ "About fauna" (further - the Federal Law "About Fauna") and this Federal Law.

Article 9. Property right to hunting products

The physical persons and legal entities having rights to production of hunting resources acquire the property right to hunting products according to the civil legislation.

Article 10. Protection of the competition in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources

1. Monopolistic activities and unfair competition in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources are not allowed.

2. The federal executive bodies, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies performing functions of the specified bodies to other bodies or the organizations are forbidden to adopt acts and (or) to perform actions (failure to act), to sign agreements or to perform coordinated actions in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources which bring or can lead to non-admission, restriction or elimination of the competition, including by creation of more advantageous conditions of activities to one physical persons, legal entities in comparison with other physical persons, legal entities.

3. The maximum area of hunting grounds concerning which okhotkhozyaystvenny agreements by one person, group of persons, except as specified, provided by part 31 of article 28 of this Federal Law can be signed can be established by authorized federal executive body.

4. The state control of economic concentration in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources is performed according to the Federal Law of July 26, 2006 No. 135-FZ "About protection of the competition" (further - the Federal Law "About Protection of the Competition").

5. The concepts "group of persons", "agreement", "coordinated actions" are used in this Article respectively in values in which they are determined in the Federal Law "About Protection of the Competition".

Chapter 2. Hunting

Article 11. Hunting resources

1. In the territory of the Russian Federation treat hunting resources:

1) mammals:

a) hoofed animals - boar, musk deer, wild reindeer, roes, elk, red deer, dappled deer, fallow deer, musk ox, mouflon, saiga, chamois, the Siberian mountain goat, tours, snow ram, bison hybrids with bison, livestock;

b) bears;

c) fur animals - wolf, jackal, fox, корсак, polar fox, raccoon dog, raccoon coon, lynx, glutton, badger, martens, sable, harza, wild cats, caress, ermine, solongy, columns, polecats, minks, otter, hares, wild rabbit, beavers, groundhogs, gophers, moles, chipmunks, flying squirrel, proteins, hamsters, muskrat, water vole;

2) birds - geese, brents, ducks, wood-grouses, black grouse, hazel grouse, partridges, quails, mountain patridge, pheasants, ulara, the herdboy ordinary погоныш, the corn crake, kamyshnitsa, bald-coot, lapwing, тулес, хрустан, kamnesharka, ruff, the herbalist, ulita, morodunka, black-tailed godwits, curlews, snipes, great snipe, jacksnipe, woodcock, sadzha, pigeons, turtle-doves.

2. For the purpose of ensuring maintaining traditional conduct of life and implementation of traditional economic activity of indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation gagara, cormorants, skua gulls, seagulls, morwennols, auks also belong to hunting resources.

3. The laws of subjects of the Russian Federation allow reference to hunting resources of the mammals and (or) birds who are not provided by parts 1 and 2 of this Article.

4. Voided

Article 11.1. Restriction of production of the rare and being under the threat of disappearance hunting resources

1. For the purpose of preserving the rare and being under the threat of disappearance hunting resources included in the Red List of the Russian Federation or Red Lists of subjects of the Russian Federation production of such hunting resources is prohibited, except as specified, provided by part 2 of this Article.

2. In exceptional cases production of the rare and being under the threat of disappearance hunting resources is allowed according to the procedure, provided by the Federal Law "About Fauna".

Article 12. Hunting types

1. According to purpose the following types of hunting can be performed:

1) trade hunting;

2) amateur and sports hunting;

3) hunting for the purpose of implementation of research activities, educational activities;

4) hunting for the purpose of regulation of number of hunting resources;

5) hunting for the purpose of acclimatization, resettlements and hybridizations of hunting resources;

6) hunting for the purpose of content and cultivation of hunting resources in semi-free conditions or artificially created habitat;

7) hunting for the purpose of ensuring maintaining traditional conduct of life and implementation of traditional economic activity of indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation, the hunting performed by persons who do not treat the specified people, but constantly live in places of their traditional accommodation and traditional economic activity and for which hunting is existence basis (further - hunting for the purpose of ensuring maintaining traditional conduct of life and implementation of traditional economic activity).

2. The hunting types specified in Items 1 - 4 and 7 parts of 1 this Article, are performed by means of catching or shooting of hunting resources.

3. The hunting types specified in Items 5 and 6 of part of 1 this Article are performed by means of catching of hunting resources.

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