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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of July 16, 2009 No. 45-Z

About bodies and divisions for emergency situations of the Republic of Belarus

(as amended on 17-07-2020)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on June 24, 2009

Approved by Council of the Republic on June 30, 2009

This Law determines legal and organizational basis of activities of bodies and divisions for emergency situations of the Republic of Belarus (further if other is not provided, – bodies and divisions for emergency situations), establishes obligations and the rights of bodies and divisions for emergency situations and their employees, guarantee of legal and social protection of employees of bodies and divisions on emergency situations and members of their families.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Bodies and divisions on emergency situations

Bodies and divisions on emergency situations are component of system of ensuring national security of the Republic of Belarus.

Bodies and divisions on emergency situations perform activities in the sphere of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature (further – emergency situations), civil defense and ensuring fire safety, and also other activities according to this Law, other laws and decisions of the President of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 2. Main objectives of bodies and divisions for emergency situations

The main objectives of bodies and divisions for emergency situations are:

organization of events on liquidations of emergency situations and participation in liquidation of emergency situations;

participation in realization of state policy in the sphere of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations, civil defense and ensuring fire safety;

organization and participation in limits of the competence of ensuring functioning of the state systems of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations, civil defense and fire safety, monitoring system and forecasting of emergency situations;

coordination within the competence of activities of state bodies, other organizations of the sphere of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations, civil defense and ensuring fire safety;

management of civil defense;

the organization and implementation within the competence of production on materials and criminal cases, conducting administrative process;

accomplishment of other tasks according to the laws and decisions of the President of the Republic of Belarus.

Except accomplishment of the tasks specified in part one of this Article on the Ministry of Emergency Situations (central office, except for departments), territorial authorities on emergency situations implementation of control (supervising) activities according to the legislation is assigned.

Article 3. Legal basis of activities of bodies and divisions for emergency situations

The legal basis of activities of bodies and divisions for emergency situations are the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, decrees and presidential decrees of the Republic of Belarus, other acts of the legislation, and also the international agreements of the Republic of Belarus.

If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Law then are applied rules of the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 4. Basic principles of activities of bodies and divisions for emergency situations

The basic principles of activities of bodies and divisions for emergency situations are:

legality;

respect and observance of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens of the Republic of Belarus, the foreign citizens and stateless persons which are in the territory of the Republic of Belarus (further - citizens);

humanity;

publicity;

unity of system of bodies and divisions for emergency situations and centralization of management of them.

Article 5. Interaction of bodies and divisions for emergency situations with other state bodies, other organizations and citizens

Bodies and divisions on emergency situations perform the activities in interaction with other state bodies, other organizations and citizens.

State bodies, other organizations and their officials within the competence shall render assistance to bodies and divisions for emergency situations in accomplishment of the obligations assigned to them determined by this Law, other laws and decisions of the President of the Republic of Belarus.

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