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Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan 

 On May 25, 2009 No. 146

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of May 19, 2009 No. 531

About the higher and postgraduate professional education

(as amended on 17-05-2018)

Determining this Law and regulating state policy in the field of the higher and postgraduate professional education, creates conditions for realization of constitutional rights of everyone on receipt of higher education.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on the higher and postgraduate professional education

The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on the higher and postgraduate professional education is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

Article 2. Basic concepts

The basic concepts used in this Law:

- accreditation - procedure for determination of the status of educational institution for carrying out educational activities according to standards of higher education;

- the graduate student - person with higher education studying in postgraduate study for the purpose of preparation of the thesis and receipt of academic degree of the candidate of science;

- certification - the procedure of establishment of compliance of content, level and quality of training of graduates of institution of higher professional education to requirements of state standards of higher education for the directions of education (specialties);

- final state assessment of students - the procedure which is carried out for the purpose of determination of extent of assimilation by students of mandatory state standard of appropriate level of education by results of which the document on the corresponding education is issued to them;

- the bachelor - initial (basic) extent of higher education, the specialist of this degree masters knowledge, skills and professional skill of the theory and practice of the directions of the specialty;

- occupational retraining - knowledge acquisition, skills, enhancement of profession for the purpose of compliance new is social - to economic conditions on the educational programs providing studying of the separate disciplines, divisions of science, different practical technologies necessary for accomplishment of new type of professional activity;

- the doctor of philosophy (PhD) - the doctor in the specialty - the highest academic degree awarded to persons who mastered professional programs of doctoral studies for certain specialty after protection of the corresponding scientific thesis;

- the doctoral candidate in the specialty - person having extent of higher education of the master, for medical specialties - the master - the clinical intern, studying in doctoral studies for the purpose of preparation of the scientific thesis for receipt of degree of the doctor of philosophy (PhD) - doctors in the specialty;

- the doctor хабилитат - the highest academic degree awarded to persons who mastered the program of post-doctoral studies for certain specialty after protection of the corresponding scientific thesis;

- the doctoral candidate - person who has academic degree of the candidate of science and is enlisted in doctoral studies for preparation of the thesis for degree of the doctor of science;

- the student - person who is in accordance with the established procedure enlisted in institution of higher professional education also studies on day, evening, to extramural studies or external for the purpose of receipt of certain education level and specialty;

- specialty - complex of work experience of the knowledge, skills necessary for certain type of activity confirmed by the relevant documents on education, acquired by purposeful preparation;

- licensing - the procedure of recognition of possibility of institution of higher professional education, certain type to start the educational activities connected with receipt of the higher education and qualification according to requirements of standards of the higher education, and also the state requirements rather personnel, scientific and methodical and material logistics;

- profession - the main occupation and labor activity of the person confirmed by the relevant document on education;

- the cadet - person enlisted in accordance with the established procedure in military (or special) institution of higher professional education, studying for the purpose of receipt of certain education level and specialty;

- the master - the extent of higher education awarded to graduates of institution of higher professional education after passing state exams or protection of the degree project of the master. The master is generally busy with certain field of science, conducts research work, works in the specialty in educational, scientific institutions and holds the positions corresponding to the level of its education;

- training content - structure, content and amount of the training program which assimilation provides to person possibility of receipt of higher education and certain qualification;

- the educational institution, educational scientific institution which realizes educational and professional programs of the higher education for certain standards and the directions of education and educational and qualification levels provides training, education and professional training of citizens according to their calling, interests, capabilities and normative requirements in the field of the higher education, and also performs scientific and scientific and technical activities;

- the public institution of higher education - the higher educational institution based by the state which is financed from the government budget or from other sources and submits to authorized body of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan;

- non-state institution of higher professional education - the higher educational institution based on non-state and private property and subordinated to the founder (founders);

- the specialist - person having the higher education owning knowledge, skills and professional skill of the theory and practice of the specialty and having capabilities of preparation of scientific work;

- the post-doctoral candidate - person having academic degree of the doctor of philosophy (PhD) - doctors in the specialty, studying in posdoktorantura for receipt of degree of the doctor хабилитат;

- credit system of education - system of quantitative assessment of contents of training programs and results of their development. The credit (or credit hour) - the weekly regulation of time spent for training of subject matter in one semester and in case of successful passing an examination on this discipline the student obtains this credit (or the credits)";

- the academic freedom - freedom of statement of content of training at discretion within training programs, the choice of subject for scientific research and their production by the methods, and also freedom of students to gain knowledge according to the bents within training programs;

- state standard of higher education - set of the regulations determining content of higher education, essence, terms of training and methods of diagnostics of quality of the higher education taking into account universal achievements;

- increase in professional qualification - education which is appropriated according to the level of professional education for the purpose of advanced training by this or that profession;

- qualification - the type and extent of professional training of the graduate for accomplishment of professional activity or continuation of education confirmed by the document on the corresponding education;

- education - continuous process of education and training which purpose is achievement of high level of moral, intellectual, cultural, physical development and professional competence of the person (personality);

- additional education - the process of education and training performed on the basis of additional educational programs of all levels for the purpose of comprehensive satisfaction of educational needs of the citizen, society and the state;

- higher education - the level (degree) of education which is acquired by person in institution of higher professional education as a result of consecutive, system and purposeful process of assimilation of content of training which is based on complete general secondary education and comes to the end with receipt of certain qualification following the results of the state certification;

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