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ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of May 13, 2009 No. 357

About approval of Traffic regulations

(as amended on 02-03-2022)

For the purpose of accomplishment of provisions of article 37 of the Law No. 131-XVI of June 7, 2007 on traffic safety (The official monitor of the Republic of Moldova, 2007, Art. No. 103-106, 443) DECIDES: the Government

1. Approve Traffic regulations according to appendix No. 1.

2. The note to Item 6 of the Order of the Government No. 1139 of September 18, 2003. "About approval of the Regulations on procedure for use of technical means, including gages and the medical equipment from equipment of police" (2003, Art. No. 204-207, 1190) to exclude the official monitor of the Republic of Moldova.

3. Recognize invalid some orders of the Government according to appendix No. 2.

4. This resolution becomes effective in two months after publication in the Official monitor of the Republic of Moldova.

Prime Minister

Zinaida Grechany

Countersign:

Deputy Prime Minister

 

Valentin Mezhinski

Minister of Internal Affairs

George Papuk

minister of information development

Pavel Buchatsky

Appendix No. 1

to the Order of the Government of the Republic of Moldova of May 13, 2009 No. 357

Traffic regulations

Chapter I. General provisions

1. Traffic regulations (further - Rules) contain the regulations determining procedure for movement of vehicles and pedestrians on public roads of the Republic of Moldova, and also in the territories adjoining to them. Observance of these rules guarantees safety of all participants of traffic, environmental protection, protection of legitimate rights and interests of physical persons and legal entities, and also protection of their property.

2. In the Republic of Moldova right-hand traffic of vehicles is established. Movement on public roads of motorized vehicles at which the steering wheel is established to the right of longitudinal axle, except for the vehicles participating in international movement is forbidden.

3. Participants of traffic shall follow traffic rules, requirements of means of the road alarm system, signals and instructions of the traffic controller, the technical specifications stated in these rules and the actions not to cause damage to other participants of traffic, not to endanger them, and also not to create unreasonably obstacles in movement big, than it is caused by inevitable circumstances.

4. Each participant of traffic following these rules having the right to expect that, as other participants of traffic fulfill their requirements.

5. It is forbidden to create obstacles for movement of vehicles and pedestrians in case of accomplishment of roadwork, to warehouse materials or any other objects on the carriageway of public roads or on sidewalks without preliminary approval of police. The materials or objects which are on sidewalks are not considered as obstacle, if at the same time they do not create hindrances for movement of pedestrians.

The obstacles limiting movement on public roads shall be designated by those who created them, appropriate means of designation of roadwork, according to instructions of police.

6. On public roads the organization of tenders, trainings or auto racing is prohibited, except for those which got permission of the administrator of the respective road and are previously approved with police. Organizers shall take all necessary measures for safe holding such actions, and also for protection of other participants of traffic.

7. In these rules the following concepts and terms designate:

the road accident - the event which took place owing to violation of regulations of traffic safety, with involvement of one or several vehicles which are in movement on the public road, led to violation of health, infliction of bodily injury, death of one or several people or causing material damage;

roadside - the longitudinal strip located between the carriageway and the region of roadbed;

the traffic controller - the person respectively equipped, given authority on control and regulation of traffic by means of the signals established by these rules (the police officer, on duty on railroad crossing, the worker of road operational service, the person on duty on ferry crossing);

structure of vehicles - the structure created from the motorized vehicle which is the tractor and trail car or semitrailer truck which moves on the public road as single whole;

the highway - the road which is specially designed, equipped and designated by sign 5.2, having the carriageways separated from each other by lane line, and in case of its absence - other means, intended only for movement of motorized vehicles at great speed, not having crossings flush with other roads, railway tracks and crosswalks;

the motorized vehicle - the driverless vehicle intended for transportation of people or loads or works, except for the moped and rail vehicles. The trolleybus is considered the motorized vehicle;

driving lane - the longitudinal strip of the carriageway designated or not designated by road marking, having width sufficient for free movement in one number of vehicles of others, than two-wheeled;

lane line - the road element allocated structurally and/or by means of marking which divides adjacent carriageways and which is not intended for movement and stop of vehicles;

the bicycle (including three-wheeled) - the vehicle with two (three) wheels and pedals or levers for its movement by means of the muscular strength of the user;

the carriageway - the part of roadbed intended for movement of vehicles. The road can have several carriageways separated one another by lane lines;

give way - the obligation of the participant of traffic to refrain from movement if it forces other participants having advantage to change sharply driving direction, speed or to stop;

the registration document or the document of accounting of the vehicle - the official state document confirming registration or registration of the vehicle and giving the permission to operate to its owner or person having the mandate;

the moped - the vehicle with two or three wheels equipped with the internal combustion engine or the electric motor. Engine displacement of internal combustion does not exceed 50 cm 3, capacity, both the internal combustion engine, and the electric motor does not exceed 4 kW, and the constructive speed of this vehicle does not exceed 45 km/h;

regulated movement - regulation of actions of participants of traffic by means of signals of the traffic controller or the traffic light;

limited visibility - the visibility in driving direction limited to geometrical parameters of the road, engineering constructions, roadside green plantings or other vehicles;

official column - column of vehicles ahead of which the vehicle with the priority mode of movement on which flashing indicators of blue and/or red color, and also special sound signal are switched on moves;

the driver - the person managing on public roads the vehicle, conducting organized group of people, accompanying single, pack, riding animals or flock, herd, etc. and also instructors on driving of vehicles and examiners;

overtaking - the advancing of the moving vehicle connected with departure from the occupied strip. Movement of vehicles on one strip of the carriageway with speed bigger, than the speed of vehicles on the next strip, is not considered overtaking;

the main road - the road designated by signs 1.7.1-1.7.3, 2.3 and 5. 2, or it is expensive with any covering in relation to the unpaved road;

the public road - any land way of the message, including artificial features and earth roads, open for movement of vehicles and pedestrians, being under authority of authorized body, and also access roads to the adjacent territories which are not in close proximity to the road. Along with carriageways elements of the road are lane lines, sidewalks, roadsides, ditches and sawn-off shotguns;

mobile group of Boundary police - the operational education consisting of the boundary police officers performing the activities according to the established powers with use of mobile automeans of Boundary police which are identified by distinctive marks of organization;

mobile group of Customs Service - the special operational division of Customs Service created for the purpose of ensuring compliance with the customs legislation;

the intersection - the place of crossing, adjunction or branching of roads at one level which borders are the imagined lines connecting the beginnings of curves of the carriageway of each road. The place of departure from the adjacent territory is not considered the intersection;

the settlement - the village, the commune, the city and municipium, entrances to which and departures from which are designated by route signs 5.63.1-5.66;

the permitted maximum weight - the total mass of the equipped vehicle with load, the driver and passengers established by manufacturer as the most admissible. The permitted maximum mass of structure of vehicles is the amount of the permitted maximum mass of the vehicles which are part;

the self-propelled machine - the motorized vehicle (including the tractor) intended for accomplishment of construction, agricultural, forestry and landscape and other works;

the motorcycle - the two-wheeled motorized vehicle with side trail car or without it, equipped with the engine with working volume of cylinders more than 50 cm3. The motorized vehicle with three wheels (tricycle) or four wheels symmetrized rather longitudinal axle (kvadritsikl) which has effective engine cylinder capacity more than 50 cm3 and weight in the equipped condition less than 400 kg is considered the motorcycle;

forced stop - traffic congestion of the vehicle because of its materiel failure, the possible danger connected with the transported load, the state of health of the driver (passenger) or obstacle in the road;

office stop - traffic congestion of the vehicle on the prohibiting signal of the traffic controller, the traffic light, at sign or to give way to the vehicle (pedestrian) taking advantage;

the stop - traffic congestion of the vehicle for time necessary for landing or disembarkation of passengers, or its loadings or unloading, at the same time the driver is at wheel or near the vehicle and, if necessary, can take away it;

the parking - the parking of the vehicle in the place specially allotted for this purpose designated by signs 5.26, 5.48.1-5.48.3 and marking of 1.1.1 d);

the participant of traffic - person who is taking part in the course of movement as the driver, the pedestrian or the passenger;

the pedestrian - the person who is on the road out of the vehicle and not performing on it work. Also the persons moving in wheelchairs for persons with limited athletic ability without engine, conducting the bicycle, the moped, the motorcycle, the sledge, hand truck, the nursery or wheelchair are considered as pedestrians;

roadbed - the part of the road including the carriageway (carriageways), lane line (lane lines) and roadsides;

benefit - the right to first-priority movement in the planned direction or implementation of maneuver in relation to other participants of traffic;

trail car - the vehicle intended for its towage by the motorized vehicle;

easy trail car - trail car which permitted maximum mass does not exceed 750 kg;

semitrailer truck - trail car which part of weight is the share of the motorized vehicle which is the tractor; road situation - set of the factors characterizing road conditions, availability of obstacles in sections of roads, intensity and level of the organization of traffic which each driver in case of the choice of speed, driving lane and acceptances of vehicle control shall consider;

the parking - traffic congestion of the vehicle for the reasons which are not connected with landing or disembarkation of passengers, or its loading or unloading and not limited by time necessary for this purpose;

the territory adjacent to the road - the territory located in close proximity to the road (the yards, stalls, gas stations, the companies, etc.);

night-time - period from the end of evening twilight prior to the beginning of dawn;

railroad crossing - crossing of the road with railway tracks at one level;

the crosswalk - the site of carriageway or construction in different levels intended for movement of pedestrians across the road. These transitions are designated by route signs 5.50.1-5.50.2, 5.51.1-5.51.4 and/or road marking 1.14. 1, 1.14.2. In the absence of road marking the territory of the crosswalk is determined by distance between route signs. Within the intersection, in the absence of signs and/or marking, the territory of the crosswalk is determined by width of sidewalks or roadsides;

the sidewalk - the road element intended for movement of pedestrians which adjoins the carriageway or is separated it by lawn;

the vehicle - the self-propelled or not self-propelled mechanical system intended for transportation of people and loads or equipped with mechanisms which can perform certain works;

the vehicle in international movement - the vehicle which is temporarily in the territory of any country, is not registered in this country and belonging to physical person or legal entity of other state;

the vehicle with the priority mode of movement - the vehicle equipped with flashing indicators of blue and/or red color and special sound signals;

the route vehicle - the general use vehicle (the bus, the trolleybus) intended for public conveyance on public roads along the established route with the stopping points designated by signs 5.6, 5.7;

the low-speed vehicle - the vehicle which maximum constructive speed does not exceed 30 km/h;

the lengthy vehicle - the vehicle which length exceeds 12 m;

insufficient visibility - visibility of the road less than 300 m during evening and morning twilight, in the conditions of fog, rain, snowfall, etc.;

the pedestrian zone - the territory including one or several streets, intended for movement of pedestrians where movement of vehicles is determined by special conditions, and entrances on this territory and departures from it are designated by signs 5.57. 1, 5.57.2;

the living area - part of the settlement in which special traffic conditions are effective and entrances to this part and departures from it are designated by signs 5.54, 5.55;

aggressive driving - conscious implementation by the transport driver of the consecutive actions or maneuvers which are not corresponding to provisions of Traffic regulations or regulations of provident driving by means of what he creates unreasonable hindrances to movement, infringes at the rights of other participants of traffic or forces them to take additional measures to prevent the road accident or not to subject to threat traffic safety;

the beginning driver - the driver at whom the years of service of vehicle control of the corresponding category (subcategory) constitute less than one year;

provident driving - the actions of the transport driver providing prevention of the road accidents by non-admission of dangerous situations in case of vehicle control and also anticipation and avoidance of dangerous situations which can be provoked by other participants of traffic;

motor-cultivator with trail car - the uniaxial small-size tractor without steering mechanism which rated velocity does not exceed 25 km/h, used for accomplishment of easy works;

parapet - structurally allocated safety element (low stone wall, metal, etc.) serving for protection of participants of traffic by separation of driving lanes and road carpet;

the tachograph - the control device established on the vehicle, serving for registration of the passable way, motion speed, work-rest schedule of drivers and crew members.

Chapter II. Transport drivers. Their obligations, restriction and right

8. The minimum age of the driver of the motorized vehicle is caused by vehicle type, its assignment and features of management, and is regulated by the existing regulations. Can manage on public roads bicycles, horse drawn wagons, and also conduct single animals or the herd of person which reached 14-year age.

9. For the admission to traffic vehicles shall be registered or registered and have the plates with serial (accounting) number conforming to the standard, established in the places provided for this purpose, except for the horse drawn vehicle of trolleybuses and trams on which the accounting numbers assigned by the relevant departments are applied.

10. 1) Person managing the vehicle shall:

a) be suitable on medical indications;

b) nobility and fulfill requirements of these rules, and also have necessary skills of sure and safe vehicle control;

c) be able to give first aid to persons which were injured in the road accidents.

Person managing the motorized vehicle shall have 2) in case of itself and upon the demand of the police officer of boundary police or, to transfer the officer of mobile group of Customs Service for control:

a) the car driver license issued on his name corresponding to category (subcategory) to which the vehicle managed by it belongs;

b) the registration document on the vehicle;

c)  No. 341 is excluded according to the Order of the Government of the Republic of Moldova of 26.05.2017

d) commodity transport documents in which the type and mass of the transported load, in the cases established by the legislation are specified;

e) the document confirming transfer of the vehicle to use - in case of the vehicle given to use with neutral serial number.

Person performing training in control of the vehicle shall have 3) in case of itself and in case of control to show to the checking police officer (in addition to the documents specified in the subitem 2) of Item 10):

a) the certificate on professional certification granting the right to train in driving, except as specified, when it is registered in the Register of organizations on training of transport drivers and trainees, the Ministry of Education and Research which is in ownership;

b) the schemes of educational routes approved by police;

c) the car driver license valid for class of vehicle on which training is provided.

Person holding examination in driving on receipt of the right to vehicle control shall have 4) in case of itself and in case of control to show to the police officer, in addition to the documents specified in litas. a) and b) subitem 2) Item 10:

a) the certificate on passing of professional certification appropriating it qualification of the examiner on driving for receipt of the right to control of vehicles;

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