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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of May 8, 2009 No. 16-Z

About the state protection

It is accepted by the House of Representatives on April 2, 2009

Approved by Council of the Republic on April 23, 2009

(as amended on 17-05-2021)

This Law determines legal and organizational basis of the state protection and governs the relations in the sphere of the state protection.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms applied in this Law and their determinations

For the purposes of this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:

safety of the protected person - security of person which is subject to the state protection from the encroachments, processes and the phenomena of natural, technogenic and other nature threatening his life, health and other vital interests connected with execution by this person of ex-officio full powers, its political (public) activities;

safety of the protected object - security of the object which is subject to the state protection from the encroachments, processes and the phenomena of natural, technogenic and other nature menacing to safety of protected persons or normal functioning of the state bodies and other organizations located in the territory of this object;

the state protection - the function of body of the state protection in the sphere of safety of protected persons and the protected objects performed by it for needs of public administration independently or with attraction of forces and means of other state bodies and other organizations;

safety of protected persons and the protected objects - acceptance of the state protection by body, other state bodies and other organizations of set of the legal, information, security, regime, operational search, technical and other measures directed to forecasting, the prevention, identification and suppression of safety hazards of protected persons and the protected objects;

security action - set of the actions performed by body of the state protection independently or with attraction of forces and means of other state bodies and other organizations aimed at safety of protected persons in places of their stay including on routes of journey;

conservation zones - the territories and the water areas adjacent to the protected objects and special routes of journey in which borders special conditions of use of the territories, water objects and airspace for the purpose of safety of protected persons and the protected objects, maintenance of necessary service conditions of these objects are established;

the protected person - person who is subject to the state protection according to this Law;

the protected objects - buildings, structures, constructions, the territories and water areas determined by the President of the Republic of Belarus, which are subject to protection for the purpose of safety of protected persons and also other objects which are subject to protection according to the decision of the President of the Republic of Belarus;

access control - the procedure excluding possibility of uncontrolled pass of persons, journey of vehicles, bringing and transportation of things on the protected objects and from the protected objects, in places of stay of protected persons, established for the purpose of safety of protected persons and the protected objects;

the route of journey - the road which is chosen for following of special purpose vehicles, including the special route of journey - the route of journey used for following of special purpose vehicles on permanent basis.

Article 2. Legal basis of the state protection

The legal basis of the state protection is constituted by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, legal acts of the President of the Republic of Belarus, other acts of the legislation, and also the international agreements of the Republic of Belarus (further – the international agreements).

If international treaties, including in the sphere of the diplomatic and consular intercourses, establish other rules, than those which contain in this Law then are applied rules of international treaties.

Article 3. Principles of implementation of the state protection

The state protection is performed on the principles:

legality;

respect and observance of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens of the Republic of Belarus, foreign citizens, stateless persons (further, unless otherwise specified, - citizens);

professional ethics;

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