of May 12, 2009 No. 537
About the Strategy of homeland security of the Russian Federation till 2020
For the purpose of consolidation of efforts of federal executive bodies, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, the organizations and citizens of the Russian Federation in the sphere of ensuring national security I decide:
1. Approve the enclosed Strategy of homeland security of the Russian Federation till 2020.
2. To the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation:
to annually represent the report on condition of homeland security and measures for its strengthening, including on the course of strategy implementation of homeland security of the Russian Federation till 2020;
introduce drafts of regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation concerning strategy implementation of homeland security of the Russian Federation till 2020;
provide offers on reduction of regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation to compliance with this Decree.
3. Recognize invalid:
The presidential decree of the Russian Federation of December 17, 1997 N 1300 "About approval of the Concept of homeland security of the Russian Federation" (The Russian Federation Code, 1997, N 52, the Art. 5909);
The presidential decree of the Russian Federation of January 10, 2000 N 24 "About the Concept of homeland security of the Russian Federation" (The Russian Federation Code, 2000, N 2, the Art. 170).
President of the Russian Federation
Approved by the Presidential decree of the Russian Federation of May 12, 2009 No. 537
1. Russia overcame consequences of system political and social and economic crisis of the end of the 20th century - stopped fall of level and quality of life of the Russian citizens, resisted under the pressure of nationalism, separatism and the international terrorism, prevented discredit of the constitutional system, kept sovereignty and territorial integrity, recovered opportunities for building-up of the competitiveness and upholding of national interests as the key subject of the created multipolar international relations.
State policy in the field of national defense, the state and public security, sustainable development of Russia, adequate to internal and external conditions is implemented. Prerequisites for strengthening of system of ensuring national security are created, the legal space is consolidated. Priorities in the economic sphere are solved, investment appeal of national economy grew. Primordially Russian ideals, spirituality, the worthy attitude towards historical memory revive. Public consent on the basis of general tsennosteysvoboda and independence of the Russian state, humanity, the international world and unity of cultures of the multinational people of the Russian Federation, respect of family traditions, patriotism becomes stronger.
In general prerequisites for reliable prevention of internal and external threats of homeland security, dynamic development and transformation of the Russian Federation into one of leading powers on the level of technical progress, quality of life of the population, influence on world processes are created.
In the conditions of globalization of processes of world development, the international political and economic relations creating new threats and risks for development of the personality, society and the state, Russia as the guarantor of safe national development passes to new state policy in the field of homeland security.
2. The main directions of ensuring national security of the Russian Federation are strategic national priorities which determine tasks of the major social, political and economic transformations for creation of safe sales terms of constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens of the Russian Federation, implementation of sustainable development of the country, preserving territorial integrity and sovereignty of the state.
3. The strategy of homeland security of the Russian Federation till 2020 - officially acknowledged system of the strategic priorities, purposes and measures in the field of domestic and foreign policy determining condition of homeland security and level of sustainable development of the state for long-term outlook.
Conceptual provisions in the field of ensuring national security are based on fundamental interrelation and interdependence of Strategy of homeland security of the Russian Federation till 2020 and the Concept of long-term social and economic development of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020.
4. This Strategy is the basic document on development planning of system of ensuring national security of the Russian Federation in which are stated operations procedure and measures for ensuring national security. It is basis for constructive interaction of public authorities, the organizations and public associations for protection of national interests of the Russian Federation and safety of the personality, society and the state.
5. The main objective of this Strategy consists in forming and maintenance by forces of ensuring national security of the internal and external conditions favorable for realization of strategic national priorities.
6. In this Strategy the following basic concepts are used:
"homeland security" - condition of security of the personality, society and state from internal and external threats which allows to provide constitutional rights, freedoms, worthy qualities and level of living of citizens, sovereignty, territorial integrity and sustainable development of the Russian Federation, defense and safety of the state;
"national interests of the Russian Federation" - set of internal and external requirements of the state for ensuring security and sustainable development of the personality, society and state;
"threat of homeland security" - direct or indirect possibility of causing damage to constitutional rights, freedoms, worthy quality and level of living of citizens, to sovereignty and territorial integrity, sustainable development of the Russian Federation, defense and safety of the state;
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