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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of March 26, 2009 No. 489

About liberty of conscience and religious associations

(as amended on 19-07-2022)

Recognizing and confirming the right of everyone to liberty of conscience and religious liberty, and also to equality of all before the law, irrespective of the relation to religion and from beliefs, that the Republic of Tajikistan is the secular state, showing respect and tolerance to all religions and the religious directions, recognizing special role of the hanafitsky direction of Islamic religion in development of national culture and the spiritual life of people of Tajikistan, this Law is adopted.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The relations regulated by this Law

This Law, governing the relations in the field of providing and realization of human rights on liberty of conscience and religious liberty, relations of the state and religious associations, determines legal status of religious associations.

Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on liberty of conscience and on religious associations

The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on liberty of conscience and on religious associations is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

Article 3. Basic concepts

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

- liberty of conscience - the right of each man and citizen voluntarily and independently to determine the relation to religion, individually or together with others to practise any religion or not to profess any, to freely choose and change religious beliefs, and also to express and extend any beliefs connected with religion and atheistic outlook;

- religious liberty - the right of each man and citizen freely and independently to choose and practise any religion, to participate in church services, departure of religious practices, in religious training;

- religious consolidation - voluntary consolidation of followers of one religion for the purpose of joint making of church service and departure of religious practices, religious training, and also distribution of religious beliefs.

Article 4. Right to liberty of conscience and religious liberty

1. In the Republic of Tajikistan liberty of conscience and religious liberty, including the right to profess individually or together with others any religion or not to profess any, to freely choose, extend and change any religious and other beliefs, and also to be effective according to them is guaranteed.

2. All are equal in the Republic of Tajikistan before the law, irrespective of their relation to religion and religious affiliation.

3. Foreign citizens and persons without citizenship have the right to participate in making of religious practices and bear responsibility for non-compliance with the legislation on liberty of conscience and about religious associations.

4. Nobody shall report about the relation to religion. Person cannot be exposed to coercion in case of determination of the relation to religion, to religion or refusal of religion, to participation or nonparticipation in church services, other religious practices and rituals, in activities of religious associations, in religious training.

5. The hindrance to implementation of rights to liberty of conscience and religious liberty including integrated to personal violence, to intentional insult of feelings of citizens in connection with their relation to religion with promotion of religious superiority, with destruction either with damage of property or with threat of making of such actions, is forbidden and pursued according to the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan. Holding public actions, placement of the texts and images offending religious feelings of citizens near objects of religious honoring is forbidden.

6. Appeals to any benefit and restriction in the relations to religion and beliefs are forbidden.

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