of December 22, 1999 No. 778-IG
This Law establishes general bases of legal, technical and economic and organizational design philosophies, constructions, uses, contents, protection and development of highways in the Azerbaijan Republic and the related engineering constructions, and also management of road economy and governs the main relations arising between subjects of road economy. This Law extends to all highways of the Azerbaijan Republic, regardless of the owner, users and value.
The concepts used in this Law express the following values:
the highway - system of the designs and engineering constructions providing for all year continuous, safe and convenient motion of the automotive vehicles with adjustable speed having the sizes and weight conforming to state standards, traffic regulations and other regulatory legal acts;
the highway - the highway which is providing free movement of vehicles at the established distance with unrestricted speed, having capability to miss heavy traffic and having separate strip, in the absence of crossings of similar level, and also with the prohibited stop or the parking of vehicles on the carriageway, equipped with special vacation spots and parking areas at distance no more than 50 km.
road activities - set of the types of activity performed for the purpose of creation, construction, road maintenance and management by them;
creation of highways - assignment based on appropriate programs of the parcels of land, carrying out research, design and survey, installation and construction works and works on reconstruction for the purpose of road construction;
content of highways - set of measures for servicing during the whole year of roads and road constructions, to their inspection, check and protection for the purpose of providing according to the project of compliance are expensive to user requirements;
repair of highways - complex of the works connected with strengthening and expansion of road clothes, land soil and engineering constructions, including recovery, replacement of the deformed and destroyed designs or their separate parts with effective and strong elements, improvement of smoothness, contact qualities of road carpet. By the types repair of roads is subdivided on current, average and capital;
reconstruction of highways - complex of the works accompanied with change of geometrical parameters according to requirements of normative and technical documents for the purpose of increase in transport operating characteristics of the existing road and road constructions, transfer of all road or its separate parts in higher technical discharge;
construction of highways - construction according to the feasibility statement and requirements of normative and technical documents between two Items of the new highway and the road constructions steady against earthquakes and other natural and technogenic impacts;
road economy - set of the highway networks existing in the specific territory irrespective of their subordination and pattern of ownership, and also the subjects who are engaged in their development, content and coordinating;
bodies of road economy - the structure created by relevant organ of the executive authority and the bodies of municipalities performing management functions by road activities;
users of the highway are the owners of vehicles, drivers, passengers and pedestrians performing movement on highways for the purpose of satisfaction of the requirements or servicing of others;
subjects of road economy - the legal entities and physical persons performing road activities and using the road;
highway network - the single system of all highways providing passenger and goods transportation in certain territory;
handling capacity of movement - the maximum number of vehicles which the road or this or that its site can pass in unit of time with ensuring the established speed and safety;
traffic load - the number of the vehicles passing in both directions in unit of time on the road or its site;
road constructions - the necessary transitions, constructions, structures and the equipment ensuring continuity and traffic safety, and also servicing of users of the road;
land soil - the design of soil structure providing effective and steady placement of constructive layers of road carpet and other elements of the road on road strip;
road clothes - one - or multilayer rugged and steady monolithic construction, including road carpet, providing transfer to land soil of the strengths which are on land soil and arising owing to impact of vehicles on the road;
owners of highways - concerning the state highways - relevant organ of the executive authority, the structure created by relevant organ of the executive authority or; concerning municipal and private highways - respectively municipalities and legal entities and physical persons, in property and (or) use of which are highways;
the heavyweight vehicle - the vehicle with load or without it which weight or axial parameters exceed the limits set for highways public and road constructions;
the large-size vehicle - the vehicle with load or without it which dimensional parameters exceed the limits set for highways public and road constructions;
right of way - the parcels of land allocated for placement of the highway;
protective (security) strip - the parcels of land with specific mode of use, adjacent to right of way on both sides and allocated for highways;
objects of roadside service - the structures and constructions located in protective (security) strip and intended for satisfaction of needs of users of highways including objects of social, trade, transport infrastructure, public catering.
Highways serve satisfaction of necessary requirements of all legal entities and physical persons, public authorities in the field of safety control of domestic or transit goods and passenger motor transportations in the territory of the Azerbaijan Republic, and also to strengthening of safety and defense capability of the state.
Highways give the maximum guarantee of consecutive and safe distribution and delivery of transportations on other road and transport infrastructure of the country.
Highways within requirements of the existing regulatory legal acts can be used also for the purpose of requirements satisfaction of pedestrians, persons with disability, including children up to 18 years with limited opportunities of health and the corresponding motorized vehicles.
The legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic on highways consists of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic, this Law, other regulatory legal acts relating to traffic and activities and the international treaties supported by the Azerbaijan Republic.
Highways are, as a rule, classified by the value taken in network of roads to the place, functional purpose, possibilities of using and also depending on users and owners.
Depending on users highways are subdivided into the roads which are in general use and private use.
Depending on owners highways are subdivided into the state, municipal and private roads.
On the value and the place taken in network of roads highways are subdivided into republican, provincial, city and industry roads.
Along with it the technical classification reflecting geometrical parameters, consumer and technical design features of highways is constituted.
In these classifications depending on functional purposes and possibility of using according to traffic load of the road also the division on five discharges, availability of the main, auxiliary, temporary, minor, access, one - and bilateral, one - two - and multiband, one and different level, and also regulated and non-regulated roads is considered.
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