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LAW OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC

On December 30, 1999 No. 788-IG

About fertility of lands

(In edition of the Law of the Azerbaijan Republic of 15.12.2017 No. 948-VQD)

This Law establishes the legal basis of recovery, increase and protection of fertility of the lands which are in the Azerbaijan Republic in the state-owned, municipal and private property.

Chapter I. Basic provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

The concepts used in this Law express the following values:

fertility of lands - capability of the earth is regular to provide plants with nutritious elements, inventories of moisture and others the substances, vital for them, in favorable morphological, physical and chemical, mechanical and biological conditions;

ensuring fertility of lands - system of the legal, economic and organizational measures performed in the field of recovery, increase and protection of fertility of lands;

recovery of fertility of lands - system of the agrotechnical, meliorative, phytosanitary, antierosion and other complex measures performed for the purpose of improvement of fertility of lands, lost owing to harmful effects of natural and anthropogenous processes;

increase in fertility of lands - system of the agrotechnical, agrochemical, meliorative, phytosanitary, antierosion and other complex measures which are carried out to areas of increase in fertility of lands which natural fertility decreased owing to the wrong cultivation;

protection of fertility of lands - system of the agrotechnical, agrochemical, meliorative, phytosanitary, antierosion and other complex measures directed to protection of the lands which are in economic circulation and also lands which fertility is recovered and improved;

pollution of lands - process of accumulating in lands of chemical compounds of various origin, heavy metals, radioactive elements, household and production waste, pathogenic and other harmful organisms in quantity which can make harmful effects on human health, the environment and properties of fertility of the earth;

sowing grounds - agricultural holdings which are provided for crops according to purpose and legal regime of lands.

Article 2. Legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic on fertility of lands

The legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic on fertility of lands consists of this Law, regulatory legal acts adopted in connection with this Law and also the land legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic.

The relations connected with subsoil, the woods, water, plant and animal life, cultural and natural landscapes, and also property, property and other relations arising in connection with recovery, increase and protection of fertility of lands along with this Law are regulated by the corresponding legal acts of the Azerbaijan Republic.

Article 3. Purpose and tasks of the legislation on fertility of lands

The purpose of the legislation on fertility of lands consists in determination of general rules of state regulation of recovery, increase and protection of natural fertile properties of lands in the Azerbaijan Republic, irrespective of form of their property.

Tasks of the legislation on fertility of lands consist in creating favorable conditions for rational use of lands, attraction of the unproductive and not used lands in economic circulation with improvement of their fertility.

Article 4. Lands with secure fertility

With secure fertility are part of lands on target use and legal regime of the earth of agricultural purpose, of little use and unsuitable lands which are used and can be used for agricultural needs.

Suitability of lands for agricultural needs is determined by the land legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic.

Rules of recovery, increase and protection of fertility of the lands referred to other categories are regulated by this Law taking into account requirements of the corresponding legal acts of the Azerbaijan Republic.

Article 5. Basic principles of ensuring fertility of lands

Recovery, increase and protection of fertility of lands are based on the principles:

need of state regulation and control in the field of ensuring fertility of lands;

carrying out recovery, increase and protection of fertility of lands on the basis of standards, regulations, rules, regulations and other regulating documents approved in the appropriate order;

implementation of single scientific and technical and investment policy in the field of recovery, increase and protection of fertility of lands;

coordinating and coordination of the agrotechnical, agrochemical, meliorative, phytosanitary, antierosion and other measures performed in the field of recovery, increase and protection of fertility of lands with environmental protection.

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