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LAW OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC

On June 16, 2000 No. 898-IQ

About grain

(as amended on 15-10-2021)

 This Law establishes the legal basis of production, procurement and organization of the market of grain in the Azerbaijan Republic, quality managements of grain and products of its conversion.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

1.0. The concepts used express the following values in this Law:

1.0.1. Grain - the grains of grain and leguminous plants used as food, seeds, forage and in the technical purposes;

1.0.2. Grain conversion products - flour, grain, bread, baking and pasta, compound feeds and collateral products from grain conversion;

1.0.3. Cereal products - cereal products and products of conversion of grain;

1.0.4. The minimum quality of grain and products of its conversion - compliance of consumer properties of cereal products to technical regulatory legal acts in the field of food safety.

1.0.5. technical regulatory legal acts in the field of food safety - the technical regulatory legal acts determined by article 5 of the Law of the Azerbaijan Republic "About foodstuff".

Article 2. Legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic on grain

2.1. The legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic on grain consists of this Law and the Law of the Azerbaijan Republic "About foodstuff", other regulatory legal acts, and also the agrarian legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic accepted in connection with this Law.

2.2. Rules of production organization and the market, management of the minimum product quality of conversion of grain along with this Law are regulated also by the relevant legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic.

2.3. If rules of production, procurement and the organization of the market of grain, the quality managements of cereal products established in the interstate agreements supported by the Azerbaijan Republic differ from the rules provided by this Law rules of international treaties are applied

Article 3. Purpose and tasks of the legislation on grain

3.1. The purpose of the legislation on grain consists in reduction of dependence of consumers of the country on the foreign market of grain by development in the country of grain-growing and conversion of cereal products, in forming in development of industry of favorable legal, economic and organizational environment for local producers.

3.2. Tasks of the legislation on grain consist in establishment of general rules of the organization of grain-growing, regulation of the grain market and ensuring the minimum quality of cereal products.

Article 4. Objects and subjects of zernovodchesky activities

4.1. Objects of zernovodchesky activities are cereal products and, including final consumption from their production, the earth, technical and technology means which are at all stages in contact in this or that form and also auxiliary natural and artificial materials.

4.2. Subjects of zernovodchesky activities are the legal entities and physical persons which are engaged in production, procurement, storage, transportation, sale, import and export of cereal products.

Article 5. Obligations of the state in the field of grain-growing

5.0. Obligations of the state in the field of grain-growing are:

5.0.1. Studying of environment of the grain market, preparation, approval of grain balance, forecasting of implementation of regulation of the grain market by economic methods;

5.0.2. Preparation of target grain programs for increase in production of grain, implementation of the corresponding investment, price, credit and tax policy;

5.0.3. Stimulation of development of grain-growing and scientific ensuring seed farming;

5.0.4. Creation of the State fund of grain, organization of its forming, storage and use;

5.0.5. Adoptions of the corresponding regulatory legal acts and development of international cooperation in the field of grain-growing;

5.0.6. Implementation of other obligations established by the legislation.

Article 6. Protectionism of the state to grain production

6.1. The state stimulates selection and seed farming of grain-growing, increase in production of grain, increase in its productivity and minimum quality.

6.2. Forming of the State fund of grain is performed generally due to local production.

6.3. Cooperation and joint types of activity in the field of production, procurements, storages, sales of grain and products of its conversion, and also strengthening of material and technical resources of grain-growing are supported by the state and encouraged on the basis of application of the adequate stimulating measures.

6.4. For the purpose of providing the producers of grain applying modern technologies with the credit the state will organize system of grain pledge. Grain pledge is performed according to the Civil code of the Azerbaijan Republic.

6.5. Insurance of production of grain upon natural disasters and other risks for the purpose of stimulation of industry is conducted at the expense of public funds. Amount of the funds allocated for insurance, insurance conditions, and also types of the insured cereal products are established by relevant organ of the executive authority.

6.6. For the purpose of application in the village of the advanced equipment and technology the state stimulates business activity in the field of the organization of leasing servicing, supply technical and agrochemicals, and also providing agricultural machinery in long-term loan.

6.7. The directions and forms of protectionism of the state to grain production, and also rules of application of stimulation and encouragement of production of grain are established by the regulatory legal acts adopted by relevant organ of the executive authority.

6.8. In production and turnover of grain products it is not allowed to use genetically modified plants, or materials of the agricultural plants created by modern biotechnology methods and methods of genetic engineering

Article 7. Scientific ensuring grain-growing and its financing

7.1. Scientific ensuring grain-growing and seed farming in the Azerbaijan Republic is performed by the relevant research establishments and the highest educational institutions.

7.2. Scientific ensuring grain-growing and seed farming, preparation of target grain programs and creation of the State fund of grain is financed from the government budget and by extrabudgetary funds.

7.3. The cooperation or the conclusion of the license agreement with the owner of the patent of the grain grade used in production and sale of seeds is obligatory for subjects of grain-growing.

Chapter II. State fund of grain, its creation and use

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