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DECISION OF COUNCIL OF HEADS OF GOVERNMENT OF COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

of November 14, 2008

About the Complex of joint efforts on increase in food security of the State Parties of the CIS

The Council of Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Independent States solved:

1. Approve the Complex of joint efforts on increase in food security of the State Parties of the CIS it (is applied).

2. Ask the governments of the State Parties of the CIS to charge to the interested ministries and departments of the State Parties of the CIS together with Intergovernmental council on questions of agro-industrial complex of the CIS and other bodies of industry cooperation in the agrarian sphere to provide implementation of actions, provided by the specified Complex of joint efforts.

3. This Decision becomes effective from the date of its signing, and for the states which legislation requires accomplishment of the interstate procedures necessary for its entry into force, - from date of delivery on storage to depositary of the notification on accomplishment of the mentioned procedures.

It is made in the city of Chisinau on November 14, 2008 in one authentic copy in Russian. The authentic copy is stored in Executive committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States which will send to each state which signed this Decision, its verified copy.

 

For the Government

Azerbaijan Republic

For the Government

Russian Federation

For the Government

Republic of Moldova

For the Government

Turkmenistan

For the Government

Republic of Kazakhstan

For the Government

Republic of Uzbekistan

For the Government

Republic of Belarus

For the Government

Republic of Tajikistan

For the Government

Georgia

For the Government

Kyrgyz Republic

For the Government

Republic of Armenia

For the Government

Ukraine

Approved by the Decision of Council of Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Independent States of November 14, 2008

Complex of joint efforts on increase in food security of the State Parties of the CIS

The complex of joint efforts on increase in food security of the State Parties of SNG(1) is developed in pursuance of the Legal decision of Council of CIS Heads of Government of November 22, 2007 about increase in food security of the State Parties of the CIS, the Plan of the main actions for implementation of the Concept of further development of the Commonwealth of Independent States approved by the Decision of Council of heads of states of the CIS of October 5, 2007 and also taking into account basic provisions of the Agreement on the Total agrarian market of gosudarstvuchastnik of the CIS of March 6, 1998.

Main objective of the Complex of joint efforts on increase in food security of the State Parties of the CIS is forming of the approved agro-industrial policy on the basis of development and the realization of timely measures of response to imbalance of the food markets directed to increase in competitiveness of agro-industrial complex and achievement on this basis of food security of each State Party of the CIS and the Commonwealth in general.

In generalized view assessment of condition of food security of the population is determined by the following factors:

- physical availability of food which is understood as availability of food in places of their consumption in the amounts and assortment necessary for satisfaction of the consumer demand of the population;

- the economic availability of food consisting that the level of the income, irrespective of the social status and the residence of the citizen, allows it to acquire food at the level meeting physiological standards of food;

___________

(1) Food security, by determination of FAO (UN food and agricultural organization), - accurately functioning system providing all segments of the population with food on the accepted physiological regulations at the expense of self-produced and necessary import on those products for which production there are no internal conditions.

- safety of food for consumers, i.e. need of ensuring production, realization and consumption of the foodstuff incapable to do harm to life and health of the population;

- food independence of the state - development and implementation of the economic, organizational and other measures aimed at providing food security and maintenance in regular and emergency situations of certain level of providing with food generally due to internal production in case of which, in case of the temporary termination of import of food, food crisis does not arise.

1. The analysis of the current situation and problems on security with main types of agricultural products of the State Parties of the CIS

1.1. Situation in the agricultural and food markets

Now there are global changes in the world agricultural and food markets. In a number of developed countries support of agricultural production is steadily reduced and there comes the period when the prices reach the level determined by local market mechanisms. Growth of level of the income of the population promotes demand growth and the prices of agricultural products and food.

Permanent growth of quality requirements and safety of products and to expansion of use of agricultural products as raw materials for biofuel production are observed. Such situation cannot but affect food security at the national level.

In the world there is process of rise in price of food products including in the State Parties of the CIS. Recently especially sharply the prices of the most important types of food, first of all on grain and products of its conversion, meat and dairy products, rice and sugar increased.

The domestic markets of the State Parties of the CIS are oversaturated by food from the states of foreign countries. Self-produced agricultural products are often demanded not fully that has an adverse effect on the income of producers.

Despite increase in production of agricultural products (in 2007 for 29% in comparison with 2000), these amounts are not enough for requirements satisfaction of the population of gosudarstvuchastnik of the CIS fully food and ensuring food security.

Agro-industrial complexes of the State Parties of the CIS have opportunity to provide the population with food when carrying out the approved agrarian policy, proceeding from natural and economic conditions of the countries, the most complete use of benefit of the different territories, increase in competitiveness of the agrarian sector.

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