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The document ceased to be valid since  January 1, 2021 according to article 76 of the Law of Turkmenistan of  October 24, 2020

LAW OF TURKMENISTAN

of January 9, 2009 No. 15-IV

About Majlis of Turkmenistan

(as amended on 28-01-2017)

This Law according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan determines legal status of Majlis of Turkmenistan, its bodies and the elected officials, deputies.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. The Majlis (Parliament) of Turkmenistan is the representative body performing legislature. Its activities are performed according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan and this Law, and also other regulatory legal acts regulating activities of Majlis of Turkmenistan (further – Majlis).

Article 2. The Majlis consists of 125 deputies elected on the basis of general equal and direct suffrage in case of secret vote. Term of office of deputies of Majlis - five years.

Elections of deputies of Majlis are held according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan and the Electoral code of Turkmenistan.

The Majlis can be ahead of schedule dismissed according to article 79 of the Constitution of Turkmenistan:

1) according to the decision of national referendum;

2) based on the resolution accepted by the majority at least in two thirds of voices of total number of deputies of Majlis (self-dissolution);

3) the President of Turkmenistan in nesformirovaniye cases within six months of administrative board of Majlis.

Chapter II. Organization of work of Majlis and its bodies

Article 3. Work of Majlis is carried out in the form of the sessions held in the form of meetings, and also committee meetings and the commissions of Majlis and is based on free discussion and the collective solution of questions, responsibility, accountability before Majlis of the bodies created by it and the elected officials, publicity, permanent accounting of public opinion.

Article 4. The meeting of Majlis is competent if at it there are at least two thirds of total number of deputies.

Article 5. The sessions of Majlis are convened by the Chairman of Majlis as required, but at least two times a year.

The extraordinary sessions of Majlis are convened at the initiative of the President of Turkmenistan or according to the offer at least one third of total number of deputies of Majlis.

Article 6. The first session of Majlis of new convocation is convened by the Chairman of Majlis of former convocation no later than thirty days after election at least two thirds of total number of deputies.

The first session of Majlis of new convocation is opened by the Chairman of Majlis of former convocation and conducts session before election of the Chairman of Majlis of new convocation.

In case of participation of the President of Turkmenistan in the session of Majlis it opens and conducts session.

Article 7. Deputies of Majlis of former convocation keep the powers prior to work of the first session of Majlis of new convocation. Powers of deputies of Majlis of new convocation are recognized at the first session of Majlis of new convocation.

Before recognition of powers of deputies the Majlis of new convocation can make decisions only concerning opening of session and election of the Mandatory and Calculating commissions. On representation to Credentials committee the Majlis makes the decision on recognition of powers of deputies of Majlis, and in case of violation of the law on elections - about recognition of elections of certain deputies invalid.

Article 8. Can be present at meeting of Majlis according to the procedure, determined by Regulations of Majlis, representatives of state bodies, public associations, scientific institutions, mass media, and also other persons.

The president of Turkmenistan has the right to participate in all meetings of Majlis.

Vice-chairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers can participate in all meetings of Majlis.

Article 9. The power to initiate legislation in Majlis belongs to the President of Turkmenistan, deputies of Majlis, the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, the Supreme court of Turkmenistan.

The Majlis can transfer the right to issue the laws on single questions to the President of Turkmenistan with obligatory subsequent consideration by Majlis of question of their approval.

The Majlis cannot transfer to anybody the right to issue the laws on questions:

1) acceptances and changes of the Constitution of Turkmenistan;

2) penal and administrative legislation;

3) legal proceedings.

The Majlis adopts the laws, resolutions and other acts. They are adopted at the sessions of Majlis by open or secret vote.

The constitutional laws are adopted by the majority at least two thirds of voices of total number of deputies of Majlis.

The laws, resolutions and other acts are adopted by a simple majority vote from total number of deputies of Majlis.

The voting procedure is established by Regulations of Majlis.

The regulatory legal acts adopted by Majlis are binding in all territory of Turkmenistan.

Article 10. The compulsory provision of operation of the laws, other regulatory legal acts is their publication.

The procedure for publication and entry into force of the laws of Turkmenistan and acts of Majlis is determined by the relevant law.

Article 11. The Majlis independently establishes powers of deputies, elects the Chairman of Majlis, his deputy from their number, creates committees and the commissions.

The Majlis chooses from the structure secret vote by a simple majority vote from total number of deputies of the Chairman of Majlis who is accountable to Majlis. The law of Turkmenistan is adopted about election of the Chairman of Majlis.

The question of early release from position of the Chairman of Majlis is considered by Majlis on demand at least one third of total number of deputies. The chairman of Majlis can be dismissed under the law adopted by the majority at least two thirds of voices of the determined number of deputies.

The chairman of Majlis can be dismissed at the request of the Chairman, and also in connection with other circumstances making impossible accomplishment of the obligations assigned to it. In this case the law on dismissal of the Chairman of Majlis is adopted by Majlis open voting by a simple majority vote from total number of deputies.

The chairman of Majlis of former convocation keeps the powers up to opening of the first session of Majlis of new convocation.

Article 12. The vice-chairman of Majlis is elected from among deputies by open voting by a simple majority vote from total number of deputies. The law of Turkmenistan is adopted about election of the vice-chairman of Majlis.

The vice-chairman performs the functions assigned to him by the Chairman, fulfills the Chairman's duties in case of its lack or impossibility of implementation of the powers by it.

The vice-chairman of Majlis can be dismissed at its request or in connection with the circumstances making impossible accomplishment of the obligations by it. The law on dismissal of the vice-chairman of Majlis is adopted by open voting by a simple majority vote from total number of deputies.

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