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LAW OF TURKMENISTAN

of January 9, 2009 No. 15-IV

About Majlis of Turkmenistan

(The last edition from 28-01-2017)

This Law according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan determines legal status of Majlis of Turkmenistan, its bodies and the elected officials, deputies.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. The Majlis (Parliament) of Turkmenistan is the representative body performing legislature. Its activities are performed according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan and this Law, and also other regulatory legal acts regulating activities of Majlis of Turkmenistan (further – Majlis).

Article 2. The Majlis consists of 125 deputies elected on the basis of general equal and direct suffrage in case of secret vote. Term of office of deputies of Majlis - five years.

Elections of deputies of Majlis are held according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan and the Electoral code of Turkmenistan.

The Majlis can be ahead of schedule dismissed according to article 79 of the Constitution of Turkmenistan:

1) according to the decision of national referendum;

2) based on the resolution accepted by the majority at least in two thirds of voices of total number of deputies of Majlis (self-dissolution);

3) the President of Turkmenistan in nesformirovaniye cases within six months of administrative board of Majlis.

Chapter II. Organization of work of Majlis and its bodies

Article 3. Work of Majlis is carried out in the form of the sessions held in the form of meetings, and also committee meetings and the commissions of Majlis and is based on free discussion and the collective solution of questions, responsibility, accountability before Majlis of the bodies created by it and the elected officials, publicity, permanent accounting of public opinion.

Article 4. The meeting of Majlis is competent if at it there are at least two thirds of total number of deputies.

Article 5. The sessions of Majlis are convened by the Chairman of Majlis as required, but at least two times a year.

The extraordinary sessions of Majlis are convened at the initiative of the President of Turkmenistan or according to the offer at least one third of total number of deputies of Majlis.

Article 6. The first session of Majlis of new convocation is convened by the Chairman of Majlis of former convocation no later than thirty days after election at least two thirds of total number of deputies.

The first session of Majlis of new convocation is opened by the Chairman of Majlis of former convocation and conducts session before election of the Chairman of Majlis of new convocation.

In case of participation of the President of Turkmenistan in the session of Majlis it opens and conducts session.

Article 7. Deputies of Majlis of former convocation keep the powers prior to work of the first session of Majlis of new convocation. Powers of deputies of Majlis of new convocation are recognized at the first session of Majlis of new convocation.

Before recognition of powers of deputies the Majlis of new convocation can make decisions only concerning opening of session and election of the Mandatory and Calculating commissions. On representation to Credentials committee the Majlis makes the decision on recognition of powers of deputies of Majlis, and in case of violation of the law on elections - about recognition of elections of certain deputies invalid.

Article 8. Can be present at meeting of Majlis according to the procedure, determined by Regulations of Majlis, representatives of state bodies, public associations, scientific institutions, mass media, and also other persons.

The president of Turkmenistan has the right to participate in all meetings of Majlis.

Vice-chairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers can participate in all meetings of Majlis.

Article 9. The power to initiate legislation in Majlis belongs to the President of Turkmenistan, deputies of Majlis, the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, the Supreme court of Turkmenistan.

The Majlis can transfer the right to issue the laws on single questions to the President of Turkmenistan with obligatory subsequent consideration by Majlis of question of their approval.

The Majlis cannot transfer to anybody the right to issue the laws on questions:

1) acceptances and changes of the Constitution of Turkmenistan;

2) penal and administrative legislation;

3) legal proceedings.

The Majlis adopts the laws, resolutions and other acts. They are adopted at the sessions of Majlis by open or secret vote.

The constitutional laws are adopted by the majority at least two thirds of voices of total number of deputies of Majlis.

The laws, resolutions and other acts are adopted by a simple majority vote from total number of deputies of Majlis.

The voting procedure is established by Regulations of Majlis.

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