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LABOR CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of July 26, 1999 No. 296-Z

(The last edition from 17-07-2018)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on June 8, 1999

Approved by Council of the Republic on June 30, 1999

Section I. General provisions

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms applied in this Code

The terms applied in this Code mean:

the legislation on work - set of the regulatory legal acts governing the public relations in the sphere of the employment and related relationships;

local regulatory legal acts - the collective agreements, agreements, employment policies and procedures and other regulations adopted in accordance with the established procedure governing the employment and related relations at the specific employer;

the employment contract - the agreement between the worker and the employer according to whom the worker shall perform work on certain to one or several professions, to specialties or positions of the corresponding qualification according to the staff list and to observe the internal labor schedule, and the employer shall provide to the worker the work caused by the employment contract, provide working conditions, stipulated by the legislation about work, with local regulatory legal acts and the agreement of the parties, to timely pay to the worker the salary;

the parties of the employment contract - the employer and the worker;

the employer - legal entity or physical person which by the legislation is granted the right of the conclusion and the termination of the employment contract with the worker;

the authorized officer of the employer - the head (his deputies) of the organization (separate division), the head of the structural unit (his deputies), the master, the specialist or other worker who by the legislation or the employer is granted the right to make all or separate decisions following from the employment and related relationships;

the worker - person consisting in employment relationships with the employer based on the signed employment contract;

profession - the sort of labor activity requiring the certain knowledge and skills acquired by training and practical experience;

qualification - the level of general and special training of the worker confirmed by the document types established by the legislation (the certificate, the diploma, the certificate, etc.);

position - the official position of the worker caused by circle of its obligations, the official rights and nature of responsibility;

specialty - set acquired by special preparation and work experience of knowledge, skills necessary for accomplishment of certain type of labor activity within this profession;

labor union (labor union) - the voluntary public organization uniting citizens, including students in the organizations of professional technical, secondary vocational, higher education connected by common interests by the nature of activities both in production and in non-productive spheres for protection of the labor, social and economic rights and interests;

consolidation of employers - voluntary merging of legal entities and physical persons which by the legislation are granted the right of the conclusion and the termination of the employment contract with the worker aiming at representation and protection of the rights and legitimate interests.

Other terms are determined in the corresponding heads of this Code.

Article 2. Tasks of the Labor code

Tasks of the Labor code are:

1) regulation of the employment and related relationships;

2) development of social partnership between employers (their associations), workers (their associations) and state bodies;

3) establishment and protection of the mutual rights and obligations of workers and employers.

Article 3. Coverage of the Labor code

The labor code is applied to all workers and employers who signed the employment contract in the territory of the Republic of Belarus if other is not established by acts of the legislation or international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 4. The relations regulated by the Labor code

The labor code governs the employment relationships based on the employment contract and also the relations connected with:

1) professional training of workers on production;

2) activities of labor unions and associations of employers;

3) conducting collective bargainings;

4) relations between workers (their representatives) and employers;

5) employment;

6) control and supervision of compliance with law about work;

7) national social insurance;

8) consideration of employment disputes.

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