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Contract between the Russian Federation and Republic of Belarus on friendship, neighborliness and cooperation

of February 21, 1995

The Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus which are hereinafter referred to as with Contracting Parties

considering historically developed close ties between their people,

considering that further strengthening of friendship, neighborliness and mutually beneficial cooperation is equitable to radical interests of the people of both states, serves cause of peace and safety,

noting that the Contract between the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic of December 18, 1990 played the historical role,

convinced of need to continue construction of the sovereign democratic states with socially oriented market economy and in every possible way to promote creation of the Common Economic Space,

aiming to give new quality to the relations and to strengthen the legal basis of cooperation taking into account deep political and economic changes in both states and tendencies of the international life,

proceeding from desire to build the bilateral relations on the basis of mutual respect, equality, trust, consent and partnership,

confirming the commitment to the purposes and the principles of Articles of organization of the United Nations, provisions of the Helsinki Final Act, the Parisian Charter for new Europe and other documents of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe,

in view of obligations of both states within the Commonwealth of Independent States,

agreed as follows:

Article 1

Contracting parties will build friendly, good-neighbourhood and to develop cooperation, being guided by the principles of mutual respect of the state sovereignty and territorial integrity, inviolability of borders, peaceful settlement of disputes and nonuses of force or threats of force, equality and non-interference to internal affairs, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, fair accomplishment of obligations, and also other conventional principles and rules of international law.

Article 2

Contracting parties will closely cooperate for the purpose of preservation of peace, strengthening of stability, regional and global security.

They will coordinate the foreign policy activities, paying priority attention to creation of system of collective security in the world and on the European continent, to strengthening of peacekeeping role of the UN and its interaction with the European regional and subregional organizations, forums and agreements, to assistance in settlement of the interstate and other conflicts infringing on their interests, to further promotion of process of reducing armed forces and arms.

Article 3

Contracting parties will hold regular consultations at the different levels for the purpose of ensuring further development and deepening of the bilateral relations and exchange of opinions on the international issues which are of mutual interest.

Meetings at the interstate level will be held, as a rule, annually taking into account need and feasibility.

Ministers of Foreign Affairs will hold regular consultations on the questions which are of mutual interest.

If necessary by mutual consent of Contracting Parties regular working meetings, consultations of heads of the central state bodies, and also heads of different levels for the purpose of ensuring further development and deepening of the bilateral relations and exchange of opinions on the international and other issues which are of mutual interest will be held.

By contracting parties the mixed commissions for the solution of single questions in different areas can be created on permanent or temporary basis.

Article 4

Contracting parties in the conditions of openness of border between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus will perform on the borders with the third states proper measures on safety of each other and to cooperate on the basis of free standing agreements in the decision between them boundary questions.

They will approve and take necessary measures for mutual ensuring visa-free entrance, departure and stay of citizens of one state in the territory of another.

They will approve also the mode of entrance, departure and stay of citizens of the third countries in the territories of Contracting Parties.

Article 5

Contracting parties will perform coordination of activities in military area according to free standing agreements.

In case of armed attack on one of Contracting Parties or threat of such attack Contracting Parties will consult and take other measures taking into account agreement obligations about collective security of May 15, 1992 and to other agreements which participants they are.

Everyone their Contracting Parties will abstain from participation or support of any actions directed against other Contracting Party and not sign any agreements directed against other Contracting Party.

Any of Contracting Parties will not assume that its territory was used to the detriment of safety of other Contracting Party.

Article 6

Contracting parties will promote expansion of parliamentary bonds between them.

Article 7

Contracting parties will provide favorable conditions for direct connections and full cooperation at the level of administrative and territorial units within their competence.

They will promote development of trade and economic relations of the border territories of both states.

Article 8

Contracting parties will promote development of comprehensive contacts between their citizens, political parties and movements, labor unions, women's, youth, religious, sports and other groups and the unions, press organs and information.

Article 9

Contracting parties will approve the main directions of implementation of economic reforms, to promote deepening of economic integration between them, to creation of conditions for forming of common economic space according to the obligations following from the bilateral and multi-lateral agreements signed within the Commonwealth of Independent States.

For this purpose they will coordinate financial, monetary, budget, monetarist, investment, price, tax, payment and settlement and customs policy, to create equal opportunities and conditions for business entities, to promote creation of financial and industrial groups and cooperation of the companies, associations and banks, producers and consumers of products on the basis of free movement of goods, services, the capitals and labor power.

Contracting parties will promote preserving and development on mutually advantageous basis of production and scientific and technical cooperation between business entities in case of development and production of modern knowledge-intensive products, including products for needs of defense. They will promote mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of construction and architecture on the basis of free standing agreements.

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