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Contract between the Republic of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan on friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance

of January 16, 1996

The Republic of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, the High contracting parties which further are referred to as,

being guided by the purposes and the principles of the Charter of the UN, recognizing supremacy of the commonly accepted rules of international law and universal values,

confirming the aspiration to accomplishment of the obligations containing in the Helsinki Final act, the Parisian Charter for new Europe and also other documents of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe,

being based on historically developed friendly and mutually respectful relation between their people,

proceeding from the fact that further development of the relations of mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation is equitable to radical interests of the people of both states serves cause of peace and safety in Asia,

the full of determination to build the interstate relations on the principles of equality, justice and mutual understanding,

aiming to give new quality to bilateral cooperation in political, economic, scientific and technical, ecological, information, humanitarian, cultural and other areas and to strengthen its legal base,

agreed as follows:

Article 1

High contracting parties develop the relations as the friendly states. They in the mutual relations will be guided by the principles of sovereign equality, neighborliness, refusal of use of force or threat of force, peaceful settlement of disputes, inviolability of borders, territorial integrity, non-interference to internal affairs, respect of human rights, equality and mutually beneficial cooperation, fair accomplishment of the international obligations.

Article 2

High contracting parties consider firm the frontiers which developed between them which cannot be changed at someone's will, without their consent. They shall observe strictly their immunity confirmed with the Almaatinsky Agreement of heads of states of Central Asia and Kazakhstan of December 21, 1991.

Article 3

High contracting parties, according to the obligations fixed in the Charter of the UN and in documents of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe resolve disputes which can arise between them, exclusively peaceful means.

Article 4

High contracting parties confirm that general safety is indivisible and will consistently perform partnership in this area, to actively promote strengthening of the world, trust and safety on bilateral and multilateral basis.

Article 5

Not allow high contracting parties that their territories were used by somebody for the purpose of implementation of hostile activities against other High contracting party.

Article 6

High contracting parties will expand cooperation and contacts within the international organizations, to hold consultations for review of the line items on the questions which are of mutual interest.

Article 7

High contracting parties, aiming to provide necessary conditions for rapprochement of the people of both states, will comprehensively promote expansion of contacts between the citizens, the state and public organizations and associations, self-government institutions.

Article 8

High contracting parties will provide favorable conditions for development of mutually beneficial bilateral economic cooperation. They will take adequate measures to enhance and bring closer to regulations and practice of the world market the mechanism of the economic and trade relations, including provision each other of most favored nation treatment or national treatment.

Being guided by the domestic legislation, proceeding from the international obligations and for goal achievement of this Agreement, the Parties provide favorable economic, financial and legal conditions for business and other economic activity of legal entities and physical persons, including stimulation and mutual protection of their investments.

Article 9

High contracting parties will develop and deepen cooperation in the field of transit and transport communications. Each of the Parties creates favorable conditions for implementation of transport transactions of other Party through the air, sea and river ports, railway and automobile networks and pipelines located in their territories.

Conditions and procedure for ensuring transit movement will be determined by special agreements.

Article 10

High contracting parties will take measures for enhancement of means, systems and communication lines between them and will sign the relevant agreements in this area.

Article 11

High contracting parties will promote creation of conditions for effective cooperation in the field of fundamental and applied sciences, development and implementation of the advanced equipment and technologies, and also for support of direct connections and joint initiatives of scientists, research institutions, science and production associations.

The parties will sign free standing agreements on the matters.

Article 12

High contracting parties will develop the relations in the field of education and to encourage cooperation between different educational institutions, in particular, by exchange of pupils, students, graduate students and trainees.

The parties will develop the mechanism of mutual recognition of certificates, certificates, diplomas on education, academic degrees and academic statuses.

Article 13

High contracting parties consider expansion and deepening of bilateral cultural ties not only needs of nature of their people, but also necessary condition of enhancement of universal cultural heritage. Proceeding from it, the Parties will promote expansion of exchange between on-stage performance groups, cultural figures, and also will provide broad access to cultural values, archives, libraries, mass media for citizens of other Party equally and on the same conditions, as well as for the citizens.

Each of the Parties will promote preserving and studying of cultural and creative heritage of other Party, including protection of historical and cultural monuments.

Article 14

High contracting parties will directly cooperate also within the international organizations in questions of protection of the rights, protection and uses of intellectual property.

Article 15

High contracting parties, proceeding from mutual interests and taking into account the opportunities, will develop cooperation in the field of protection and improvement of the environment, mitigation of consequences of accidents of technogenic nature and natural disasters, careful environmental management, expansion of the sphere of environmentally friendly productions, implementation of highly effective nature protection and nature-restoring actions.


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