of November 10, 2008 No. 455-Z
About information, informatization and information protection
(In edition of the Laws of the Republic of Belarus of 04.01.2014 No. 102-Z, 11.05.2016 of No. 362-Z)
Accepted by the House of Representatives on October 9, 2008
Approved by Council of the Republic on October 22, 2008
In this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:
the database - set of the structured and interconnected information organized by certain rules on material carriers;
databank - the organizational and technical system including one or several databases and management system them;
the owner of program technical means, information resources, information systems and information networks - the subject of information relations exercising rights of possession, uses and orders of program technical means, information resources, information systems and information networks in the limits and procedure determined by their owner according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;
the state information system - the information system created and (or) acquired at the expense of means republican or local budgets, state non-budgetary funds, and also means of the state legal entities;
the state information resource - the information resource created or acquired at the expense of means republican or local budgets, state non-budgetary funds, and also means of the state legal entities;
documentary information - information fixed on the material carrier with the details allowing to identify it;
information access - possibility of receipt of information and use of it;
access to information system and (or) information network possibility of use of information system and (or) information network;
information protection - complex of the legal, organizational and technical measures aimed at providing confidentiality, integrity, authenticity, availability and safety of information;
informatization - the organizational, social and economic and scientific and technical process providing conditions for forming and use of information resources and realization of information relations;
information - the information about persons, objects, facts, events, the phenomena and processes irrespective of form of their representation;
information network - set of information systems or complexes of the program technical means of information system interacting by means of networks of telecommunication;
information system - set of databanks, information technologies and complex (complexes) of program technical means;
information technology - set of processes, methods of implementation of search, obtaining, transfer, collection, processing, accumulating, storage, distribution and (or) provision of information, and also use of information and information protection;
information service - activities for implementation of search, obtaining, transfer, collection, processing, accumulating, storage, distribution and (or) provision of information, and also information protection;
the information relations - the relations arising by search, obtaining, transfer, collection, processing, accumulating, storage, distribution and (or) provision of information, use of information, information protection, and also in case of use of information technologies;
the information intermediary - the subject of information relations providing information services to owners and (or) users of information;
information resource - the organized set of documentary information including databases, other sets of the interconnected information in information systems;
complex of program technical means - set of the program and technical means providing implementation of information relations with the help of information technologies;
confidentiality of information - the requirement not to allow distribution and (or) provision of information without the consent of its owner or other basis provided by legal acts of the Republic of Belarus;
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