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The document ceased to be valid since October 3, 2014 according to Item 2 of the Order of the Federal Service of the Russian Federation on ecological, technology and atomic supervision of December 11, 2013 No. 599

Registered by

Ministry of Justice

Russian Federation

On November 21, 2002 No. 3938

RESOLUTION OF STATE MINING INSPECTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of September 9, 2002 No. 57

About approval of Single safety rules in case of development of mineral deposits by open method

The state mining inspection of Russia decides:

1. Approve Single safety rules in case of development of mineral deposits by open method.

2. Send Single safety rules in case of development of mineral deposits by open method for registration to the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation.

3. To impose control of execution of this resolution on the head of department on supervision in ore mining industry A. I. Perepelitsyn.

 

Chief of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia

V. M. Kulyechev

Single safety rules in case of development of mineral deposits by open method

The code of PB 03-498-02 is appropriated to these Single rules

I. Basic provisions

 

General requirements

1. Single safety rules in case of development of mineral deposits by open method (further - Rules) are obligatory for accomplishment by all organizations (irrespective of their forms of business and patterns of ownership) performing this type of activity.

Development of mineral deposits by open method includes activities for designing, construction, operation, expansion, reconstruction, modernization, preservation and liquidation of subjects to open mining operations.

Subjects to open mining operations according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 21.07.97 N 116-FZ "About industrial safety of hazardous production facilities" (The Russian Federation Code, 1997, N 30, St. 3588) are carried to hazardous production facilities.

Subjects to open mining operations are pits, the mines, drazhny polygons, objects of compact lixiviation, and also objects of development of pedigree dumps, substandard ores of mines, pits, hydrodumps of enrichment factories, ash dumps and shlakootval of combined heat and power plant and metallurgical companies.

2. The construction, expansion, reconstruction, modernization (further - construction), operation of subjects to open mining operations shall be performed according to the projects executed taking into account requirements of the Federal Laws "About Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities", "About Subsoil" in edition of the Federal Law of 3.03.95 N 27-FZ "About modification and amendments in the Law of the Russian Federation "About subsoil" with changes and amendments of 2.01.2000 N 20-FZ (The Russian Federation Code, 1995, N 10, the Art. 823, 2000, N 2, the Art. 141), "About safety of hydraulic engineering constructions" of 21:07. 97, N 117-FZ (The Russian Federation Code, 1997, N 30, the Art. 3589), other Federal Laws, these rules and the regulating documentation in the field of industrial safety.

3. The compulsory provision of decision making about the beginning of construction (operation), preservation and liquidation of subject to open mining operations is availability of positive experimental testimony of industrial safety of the project documentation.

Engineering designs on development of mineral deposits by open method are subject to approval of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia.

The project documentation on preservation and liquidation shall be carried out according to requirements of these rules and Instructions about procedure for conducting works on liquidation and preservation of the hazardous production facilities connected with use of natural resources, Russia approved by the resolution of Gosgortekhnadzor of 2.06.99 N 33 and registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation of 25.06.99, registration N 1816.

4. Liquidation of subject to open mining operations shall be followed by reduction of the land areas broken when using natural resources in the condition suitable for further use (recultivation).

5. Types of activity on which implementation licenses are required and procedure for execution of licenses it is established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

6. The project organizations shall exercise designer's service of accomplishment of the developed project documentation and project decisions.

7. For check new and enhancements of the existing systems of development and their parameters trial mining of minerals or its part which is performed based on the project and development plans for the mining operations coordinated with territorial authorities of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia and approved by the head of the organization is allowed.

8. The project documentation on development of mineral deposits by open method, the used technical devices, buildings and constructions placed within mountain branch are subject to obligatory examination of industrial safety according to the Federal Law "About Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities".

9. The organizations occupied with development of mineral deposits by open method shall organize and exercise the production control over observance of requirements of industrial safety which is component of management system of industrial safety according to requirements of Rules of the organization and implementation of production control over observance of the requirements of industrial safety on hazardous production facility approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 10.03.99 N 263 (The Russian Federation Code, 1999, N 11, the Art. 1305).

10. In the course of acceptance for operation of subject to open mining operations compliance of subject of the project documentation, readiness of the organization for its operation and for actions for localization and recovery from the accident are checked.

Subjects to open mining operations shall be accepted in operation in accordance with the established procedure with participation of representatives of territorial authorities of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia.

11. Variations from the project documentation in the course of construction, operation, preservation and liquidation of subject to open mining operations are not allowed.

The changes made to the project documentation are subject to examination of industrial safety and approval of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia.

12. Explosive works on subjects to open mining operations are performed with observance of Single safety rules during the explosive works approved by the resolution of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia of 30.01.2001 N 3 and registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation of 7.06.2001, registration N 2743.

13. Designing, construction, operation, reconstruction and conclusion from operation of hydrodumps and stores of liquid waste of subjects to open mining operations shall be carried out according to requirements of these rules.

14. For operation of subject to open mining operations, in the cases established by the legislation, the declaration of industrial safety of hazardous production facility according to Regulations on procedure for execution of the declaration of industrial safety and the list of the data containing in it is drawn up (it is approved by the resolution of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia of 7.09.99 N 66 and it is registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation of 7.10.99, registration N 1920). The head of the organization bears responsibility for completeness and reliability of the data containing in the declaration of industrial safety, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

The declaration of industrial safety is subject to examination of industrial safety in accordance with the established procedure.

15. The organizations performing activities for development of mineral deposits by open method according to Art. 10 of the Federal Law "About Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities" shall sign service agreements with specialized professional rescue units (mine-rescue forming), and also to plan and perform actions for localization, mitigation of consequences of accidents.

16. Based on Art. 15 of the Federal Law "About Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities", the organizations performing activities for development of mineral deposits by open method shall insure responsibility for damnification of life, to health or property of other persons and the surrounding environment in case of accident on hazardous production facility.

17. In case of accomplishment of construction and special construction works on subjects to open mining operations, except these rules, it is necessary to observe requirements of the operating construction regulations and rules. In case of need buildings of the territory of mountain branch by buildings and constructions of third parties it is necessary to be guided by the Regulations on procedure for issue of permissions to building of the areas of bedding of minerals approved by the resolution of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia of 30.08.99 N 64 and registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation of 2.09.99, registration N 1886.

18. Operation of subjects to open mining operations using methods of compact lixiviation shall be performed according to requirements of the regulating documentation for safety when crushing, sorting, mineral processing and okuskovaniye of ores and concentrates and these rules.

19. Operation of non-productive departments of the mining organizations and objects shall be performed according to requirements of the regulating documentation for safe operation of non-productive departments of the mining companies.

20. Workplaces and production processes shall meet the requirements of these rules.

21. For all persons going to work, and also for persons transferred to other work briefing on labor safety, training in safe methods and acceptances of performance of works, first-aid treatment by the victim is obligatory.

22. Heads and specialists of the organizations performing activities for development of mineral deposits by open method shall have the corresponding education, shall undergo training and certification according to Regulations on procedure for preparation and employee assessment of the organizations performing activities in the field of industrial safety of the hazardous production facilities under control to Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia (it is approved by the resolution of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia of 30.04.2002 N 21 and it is registered in the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation of 31.05.2002, registration N 3489).

23. To technical guidance mining and explosive operations on subjects to open mining operations allow persons having the higher or secondary mining education according to Regulations on procedure for provision of the right of management of mining and explosive operations in the organizations and on the objects under control to Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia (it is approved by the resolution of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia of 19.11.97 N 43 and it is registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation of 18.03.98, registration N 1487).

24. The workers occupied on open mining operations shall have the professional education corresponding to profile of the performed works, shall be trained in safe working methods, know signals of the emergency notification, rule of conduct in case of accidents, the locations of survival equipment and to be able to use them, to have instructions for safe conducting engineering procedures, safe servicing and operation of machines and mechanisms. Workers at least shall undergo each six months repeated instructing in labor safety and at least once a year - check of knowledge of instructions on professions. Results of check are drawn up by the protocol with logging of instructing and personal card of the worker.

25. The workers occupied at works which accomplishment provides combination of professions shall be trained in labor safety and are instructed by all types of the combined works.

26. In case of change of kind of work, and also after accidents, accidents or gross violations of safety rules unplanned instructing is carried out.

27. It is forbidden to accept or direct to the work connected with operation of subject to open mining operations of persons having medical contraindications.

28. Workers and specialists shall be provided and shall use the special clothes, special footwear, operational protective helmets, points and other individual protection equipment corresponding to their profession and conditions according to the approved regulations.

The persons which are not on the staff of subject to open mining operations, but having need for its visit for accomplishment of shop orders shall be instructed on security measures and are provided with individual remedies.

29. The head of the organization operating subject to open mining operations shall provide safe working conditions, the organization of development of protective measures on the basis of danger assessment on each workplace and object in general.

30. The task for works shall be drawn up in writing. The worker is forbidden to perform self-willedally the works which are not relating to its obligations.

The direction for works to the places having safety abuses of regulations is forbidden.

31. On works to which increased requirements of safety are imposed written work permits shall be issued.

The work permit draws up also the admission on the object territory for performance of works of personnel of third party. In it dangerous factors shall be specified, borders of the site or object where the allowed organization performs works are determined and bears responsibility for their safe production.

32. Everyone working prior to work shall make sure of safe condition of the workplace, check availability and operability of the safety devices, protective equipment, the tool, mechanisms and devices which are required for work.

In case of detection of violations of safety requirements the worker shall, without getting to work, to report about it to the mine foreman, the yard foreman, the deputy chief of the site (the daleetekhnichesky head of change).

33. On each unit of the mining-transport equipment there shall be "Magazine of acceptance and delivery of changes" which procedure for maintaining is determined by the organization operating subject to open mining operations. Correctness of maintaining the magazine shall be checked systematically by technical leads of change (the mine foreman, the yard foreman or his deputy), specialists of the organization in case of visits of workplaces by them.

During change the mine foreman, and within a day - the yard foreman or his deputy who not allow works in the presence of safety abuses of regulations shall inspect each workplace.

34. Each working, having noticed the danger menacing to people, production facilities (defect of railway tracks, machines and mechanisms, power supply networks, signs of possible landslides, collapses of ledges, emergence of the fires, etc.), shall report about it to the technical lead of change, and also warn people to whom danger threatens.

35. In each organization the operations procedure of workers and officials in case of detection of the explosive materials (EM) shall be determined by them in excavations, the blown-up mountain weight or other places which are not intended for storage to VM. The head of the organization shall report about all such cases in territorial authority of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia.

36. Excavations and drives to them in the places constituting danger of fall in them of people, machines and mechanisms shall be protected and designated by precautionary signs.

Failures, sumps, funnels, invalid holes, drainage wells and other vertical developments shall be reliably blocked.

37. It is forbidden to encumber places of employment of the equipment and approaches to them with the mountain weight or any objects complicating movement of people, machines and mechanisms.

38. Movement of people on the territory of subject to open mining operations is allowed on specially arranged walking paths or on roadsides of highways towards to the direction of traffic. Shall be acquainted with routes of movement all working in it under list. The route of movement of people affirms the technical lead of object.

In night-time walking paths and transitions through railway tracks and highways shall be lit.

39. On subject to open mining operations delivery of workers to work location on the transport which is specially equipped for this purpose shall be organized. Routes and speed of transportation of people affirm the technical lead of the organization (in case of accessory of transport of contract organization are in addition approved with the head of contract organization). Platforms for landing of people shall be horizontal. The device of airfields on carriageway is forbidden.

Transportation of people in hopper-cars, bodies of dump trucks, cargo trolleys of the ropeways and other vehicles which are not intended for this purpose is forbidden.

40. For the message between ledges of subject to open mining operations it is necessary to arrange strong ladders with bilateral hand-rail and inclination no more than 60 ° or congresses with bias no more than 20 °. Mid-flight ladders with height more than 10 m shall be width of at least 0,8 of m with horizontal platforms at distance from each other on height no more than 15 m. The distance and installation sites of ladders on length of ledge are established by the development plan for mining operations. Steps and platforms of ladders need to be cleared systematically of snow, ice, dirt and if necessary to sand.

41. In places of pass and journey under belt conveyers it is necessary to establish protective regiments for protection of people from possible defeat by the pieces of the transported material falling from tape.

42. It is forbidden:

- be to people in the danger area of the working mechanisms, within prism of possible collapse on ledges and in close proximity to the lower brow of slope of ledge;

- work at ledges in zone of the hanging peaks, blocks, large boulders, and also navisy of snow and ice. In case of impossibility to make liquidation having pinned up or frill of board all works in the danger area shall be stopped, people are removed, and the dangerous site shall be protected and precautionary signs are established.

43. For each subject to open mining operations no later than 15 days prior to the beginning of year it shall be developed according to Recommendations about accident elimination scheduling (appendix 1) and the liquidation plan of accidents (LPA) is approved with specialized rescue unit.

44. All accidents, accidents and incidents are subject to registration, investigation and accounting according to the Regulations on investigation and accounting of labor accidents approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 11.03.99 of N 279 g and Regulations on procedure for technical investigation of the reasons of accidents on hazardous production facilities (RD 03-293-99) approved by the resolution of Gosgortekhnadzor of Russia of 8.06.99 N 40, 2.07.99 registered in the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation, registration N 1819.

The victim or the eyewitness shall report about each case of injuring to the works manager or the mountain dispatcher immediately.

The mountain dispatcher shall report about each accident or acute disease to management of the organization and cause crew of "emergency medical service". The workplace on which there were accident or accident if it does not threaten life and human health, shall be kept prior to investigation in steady-state condition.

45. The system of protection excluding access for strangers to critical infrastructure to office buildings and constructions shall act on each subject to open mining operations.

46. The stop of critical infrastructure is forbidden without written permission of the technical lead of the organization (except emergency cases) (power substations, vodootliva, calorifer installations, boiler, etc.).

II. Technical requirements of safety in case of construction and operation of subjects to open mining operations

 

1. Mining operations

47. The organizations occupied with development of mineral deposits by open method shall provide:

- observance of requirements of the legislation, and also the standards and regulations approved in accordance with the established procedure on technology of conducting the works connected with use of natural resources and in case of primary conversion of mineral raw materials;

- observance of requirements of engineering designs, plans (programs) of development of mining operations, prevention of above-standard losses and selective working off of minerals;

- maintaining geological, surveying and other documentation in the course of use of natural resources and its safety;

- idea of reliable data of the inventories of the minerals containing in them components reconnoitered, taken and left in subsoil in federal and corresponding territorial funds of geological information, in bodies of the state statistics;

- observance of the standards (regulations, rules) regulating conditions of protection of subsoil, atmospheric air, lands, the woods, waters, and also buildings and constructions from adverse effect of the works connected with use of natural resources approved in accordance with the established procedure;

- reduction of the land areas broken when using natural resources in the condition suitable for their further use;

- safety of prospecting excavations and boreholes which can be used in case of development of fields and (or) in other economic purposes;

- liquidation in accordance with the established procedure the excavations and boreholes which are not subject to use;

- accomplishment of licensed conditions.

48. Mining operations on carrying out trenches, development of ledges, drazhny polygons, dumping of dumps shall be conducted taking into account engineering-geological conditions and the used equipment according to (passports) approved by the technical lead of the organization by local projects of works.

In the passport the admissible sizes of working platforms, berm, corners of slope, height of ledge, prism of collapse, distances from the mountain and transport equipment to brows of ledge or dump are specified.

Effective period of the passport is established depending on conditions of conducting mining operations. In case of change of mining-and-geological conditions conducting mining operations shall be suspended before review of the passport.

Specialists and workers, the leading works established by the passport and for which requirements of the passport are obligatory shall be informed of the passport under list of person of technical supervision.

Conducting mining operations without the approved passport, and also with departure from it is forbidden.

49. Around industrial platforms of subject to open mining operations the sanitary protection zone which sizes are determined by the project according to the operating sanitary standards shall be established.

50. Height of ledge is determined by the project taking into account results of researches of physicomechanical properties of rocks and mineral, and also mining-and-geological conditions of their bedding and parameters of the equipment.

In case of use of hydraulic excavators and lift trucks the safe height of ledge is determined by calculations taking into account trajectory of movement of bucket of the excavator (lift truck).

In case of use of rope excavators height of ledge shall not exceed:

- maximum height of cherpaniye of the excavator;

- height or depth of cherpaniye of dragline, mnogokovshovy chain and rotor excavators;

- friable steady dense breeds - 6 m, in case of development manually friable unstable loose breeds - 3 m.

In case of development of breeds using drilling-and-blasting works increase in height of ledge up to the one-and-a-half height of cherpaniye of the excavator on condition of separation of disorder on height on subledges or developments of special events for safe collapse of peaks and navisy is allowed.

51. Corners of slopes of working ledges are determined by the project taking into account physicomechanical properties of rocks and shall not exceed:

- during the operation of excavators like power shovel, dragline and rotor excavators - 80 °;

- during the operation of mnogokovshovy chain excavators the lower cherpaniye and development manually friable and loose breeds - corner of natural slope of these breeds.

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