of April 1, 2008 No. 556-IIIQ
About road transport
This Law establishes legal, organizational and economic basis of public conveyances and loads road transport in the territory of the Azerbaijan Republic, governs the relations arising in this sphere between state bodies, carriers and consumers of services in public conveyance and loads road transport.
1.0. The basic concepts used in this Law:
1.0.1. the vehicle - the vehicle (consisting of one or several vehicles), set in motion by the motor provided for public conveyance, loads or the special equipment on automobile ways;
1.0.2. road transport - mode of transport by means of which, using vehicles and infrastructure of road transport, are carried out public conveyance and loads;
1.0.3. the organizer of transportations by road transport - the legal entity or physical person concluding on its own behalf or on behalf of the customer of the agreement in connection with public conveyance or loads and also in connection with the organization of transportations by road transport;
1.0.4. transportations by road transport for commercial purposes - the transportations which are carried out based on the transportation agreement of the passenger or load or on other legal causes with performing payment for transportation;
1.0.5. transportations by road transport for economic needs - the transportations which are carried out by legal entities and business owners at own expense the vehicles which are at their disposal for the purpose of transportation of workers or loads. The vehicles used for similar transportations shall be controlled workers of these legal entities or business owners;
1.0.6. infrastructure of road transport - the highways used for public conveyance and loads by road transport, bus stations (bus stations), stops, parkings, terminals and other constructions, and also technical and repair sites and technical repair stations, petrol filling centers rendering to vehicles maintenance;
1.0.7. the bus - the vehicle provided for public conveyances, having more than nine places for sitting including the place for sitting of the driver;
1.0.8. baggage - the load packed for transportation, sent by the passenger by means of the vehicle or accompanied with it during trip, permitted to transportation depending on dimensions, weight and properties;
1.0.9. carrier - the legal entity or the business owner who is carrying out, owning the vehicle by the property right, leases or uses of public conveyance or loads based on for a fee transportation agreement or on other legal causes;
1.0.9-1. the operator of activities for international carriages of passengers and loads road transport (further - the operator) - the legal entity or physical person registered by relevant organ of the executive authority, performing international carriages of passengers and loads road transport, answering to the criteria connected with goodwill, financial condition and working experience and also requirements for training level of the driver (drivers);
1.0.9-2. person in charge of the operator - physical person, actually and regularly managing based on the agreement transport activities of the operator, including answering to the criteria connected with working experience;
1.0.10. cabin baggage - the things belonging to the passenger which on the properties, the sizes and weight are allowed to take in interior of the passenger vehicle;
1.0.11. the travel document (ticket) - the document confirming the passenger's right to travel by the bus and the conclusion of the transportation agreement between the passenger and carrier processed in the established form;
1.0.11-1. the payment instrument - the means provided for introduction of payment for travel in electronic procedure by the buses transporting passengers along regular intracity (raionwide) routes;
1.0.12. the passenger vehicle - the vehicle which on the design and the equipped equipment is intended for transportation of people and baggage;
1.0.13. the passenger - the physical person transported based on the document (ticket) granting the right to journey in the vehicle or on other legal causes;
1.0.14. public conveyance - delivery of passengers the vehicle from departure Item to destination;
1.0.15. the order - the agreement governing the relations between the customer of public conveyances or loads road transport and carrier;
1.0.16. the customer - the body which signed in the appropriate order the agreement on accomplishment of public conveyances or loads or the authorized legal entity, and also the legal entity or physical person which signed with carrier the agreement on public conveyance or loads designated by it;
1.0.17. the driver - the person having rights of control of the vehicle, being directly involved in process of transportations, and also representing carrier in appropriate cases;
1.0.18. the passenger car taxi - the vehicle equipped with special distinctive marks and taximeter, having no more than nine places for sitting including the place of sitting of the driver;
1.0.19. road transport public - the vehicle used in public conveyances and the loads which are carried out based on the appeal of legal entities or physical persons at the prices approved by the agreement using the regulated or declared tariffs;
1.0.20. load - the goods of commodity or non-commodity assignment accepted by automobile carrier for delivery to destination;
1.0.21. the cargo vehicle - the vehicle which on the design and the equipped equipment is intended for cargo hauling;
1.0.22. the consignor - legal entity or physical person addressed to which shipment is drawn up;
1.0.23. the consignee - legal entity or physical person with power on receipt of load according to the transportation agreement of load road transport or to other relevant documents;
1.0.24. the tachograph - the electromechanical or electronic instrument of control which is established on the vehicle for the purpose of continuous measurement or registration of all data on movement of the vehicle, including about covered distance, motion speed, and also about the periods of work and rest of drivers.
The legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic on road transport consists of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic, the Civil code of the Azerbaijan Republic, the Law of the Azerbaijan Republic "About transport", this Law, and also of other regulatory legal acts and international treaties regulating this area in which the Azerbaijan Republic acts as the party.
3.1. This Law is applied to the legal and economic relations arising between state bodies, carriers, owners of infrastructure facilities and consumers of transport services in connection with rendering services in public conveyance and loads road transport and also in connection with infrastructure facilities of road transport.
3.2. Provisions of this Law do not extend:
3.2.1. on the transportations which are carried out by the vehicles belonging to municipal services and service of emergency medical service, and also ranked by relevant organ of the executive authority as urgent fast services;
3.2.2. on motor transportations in connection with defense, protection of public order and elimination of emergency situations;
3.2.3. on the transportations which are carried out by the vehicles of public authorities, state-financed organizations and municipalities of domicile, the Central Bank of the Azerbaijan Republic, off-budget state funds, diplomatic and consular representations of foreign countries, representative offices of the international organizations provided for official and office use;
3.2.4. on the transportations which are carried out by the cars provided for office use of legal entities and business owners;
3.2.5. transportations technological or intraeconomic (in the companies, objects) road transport, carried out by legal entities and business owners without departure on highways public;
3.2.6. the transportations which are carried out by means of the vehicles which are in property, or use of physical persons for personal needs.
4.0. Public conveyance and loads are according to the destination subdivided by road transport into the following types:
4.0.1. the intracity (raionwide) public conveyances of public conveyance which are carried out in administrative-territorial borders of the city (area);
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