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The document ceased to be valid since April 11, 2016 in compliance with article 80 of the Law of Turkmenistan of March 26, 2016 "About protection, export and import of movable values of national historical and cultural heritage"


of September 15, 1998 No. 313-I

About protection, export and import of movable values of culture

(as amended on on April 18, 2009)

This Law is intended for preserving cultural heritage of the people of Turkmenistan and determines the relations in the field of protection of movable values of culture, is directed to protection them from illegal export, import and transfer of property on them and designed to promote development of the international cultural cooperation.

I. General provisions

Article 1. Movable values of culture

Are understood as movable values of culture: the movable material works of public and human activities and other objects which are of great cultural value created fifty and more than years ago according to the destination and the nature namely: considerable in ethnic, archaeological, historical, art, scientific, technical, religious and other relation, and also what is characterized by the typical and specific phenomena of national life. The movable value of culture maybe the work created less than fifty years ago which is of great cultural value.

Article 2. Legislation of Turkmenistan on protection, export and import of movable values of culture

The legislation of Turkmenistan on protection, export and import of movable values of culture consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan.

If international treaties establish other rules than containing in this Law, then regulations of international treaties are applied.

Article 3. Coverage of this Law

Provisions of this Law are obligatory for all legal entities and physical persons which are and (or) performing the activities in the territory of Turkmenistan.

Operation of this Law extends on:

- the historical values including connected with historical events in life of the people, development of society and state, history of science and technology, and also relating to life and activities of outstanding persons (the state, political, public figures, thinkers, scientists, literature, art);

- the objects and their fragments received as a result of archeological excavations;

- art values, including:

- pictures and drawings entirely manual operation on any basis and from any materials;

- original sculptural works from any materials, including reliefs;

- original art compositions and installations from any materials;

- artly drawn up objects of cult appointment;

- engravings, prints, lithographs and their original printing forms;

- performing arts and crafts, including ancient carpets and carpet products of manual development, art products from glass, ceramics, tree, metal, bones, fabric and other materials;

- products of traditional national art trade;

- components and fragments of architectural, historical, art monuments and monuments of monumental art;

- the ancient books, editions which are of special interest themselves (historical, art, scientific and literary), separately or in collections;

- rare manuscripts and documentary monuments;

- archive documents, including photo, phono - film, videoarchives;

- unique and rare musical instruments;

- stamps, other philatelic materials, separately or in collections;

- ancient coins, awards, medals, seals and other objects of collecting;

- rare collections and samples of flora and fauna, the objects which are of interest to such branches of science. as mineralogy, anatomy and paleontology;

- other movable objects, including the copies having historical, art, scientific or other cultural value, and also taken by the state under protection as historical and cultural monuments.

Operation of this Law does not extend to modern souvenir products, objects of cultural purpose of serial and mass production.


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