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of July 10, 2008 No. 186-XVI

About health protection and labor safety

(as amended on 19-11-2020)

The parliament adopts this organic law.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this law the following concepts are used:

the employer - any physical person or legal entity which is in employment relationships with the worker and responsible for the relevant company;

the working equipment - any the machine, the device, the tool or installation used on workplace;

individual remedy - any means intended for carrying or continence by the worker for the purpose of its protection against one or several risks which can endanger his health and work place safety, and also any additional tool or accessory designed for this purpose;

workplace - the place intended for placement of working posts in the company building and any other place in the company to which the worker has access in case of accomplishment of the labor tasks;

the worker - any person hired according to the law by the employer including trainees and pupils;

the appointed worker - any worker appointed the employer for performance of work connected with protection and the prevention of professional risks at the company;

the production circle - set of physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial conditions in which the worker performs the activities;

means of production - set of buildings and other constructions, the working equipment, individual remedies, raw materials, semifinished products, etc. which are used in production process of material benefits;

danger of injuring or occupational disease - source of possible injury or deterioration in health of the worker on workplace;

the prevention - set of provisions or the measures taken or planned at all stages of factory job for the purpose of prevention or reduction of professional risks;

the employee representative allocated with the separate liability in the field of health protection and labor safety - any person, the favourites which are selected or appointed workers for representation of their interests on the questions connected with their safety and health protection on workplace (further - the employee representative);

professional risk (risk of injuring or occupational disease) - combination of probability and weight of possible injury or deterioration in health in dangerous situation;

health protection and labor safety - the set of types of activity aiming to provide the best operating conditions, protection of life, health, physical and mental integrity of workers;

external service of protection and the prevention - any company which renders to other companies on the basis of the agreement services in protection and the prevention of professional risks.

Article 2. Field of regulation of the law

(1) This law governs the legal relations concerning introduction of measures for safety and health of workers on workplace.

(2) This law establishes the general principles concerning the prevention of professional risks, safety of workers on workplace, exceptions of risk factors and injuring, informing, consultation, pro rata participation, training of workers and their representatives and also the general directions of realization of these principles.

Article 3. Law scope

(1) Provisions of this law are applied in all spheres of activity, both public, and private.

(2) Provisions of this law extend on:

a) employers;

b) workers;

c) employee representatives;


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