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of July 10, 2008 No. 186-XVI

About health protection and labor safety

(as amended on 29-02-2024)

This law shifts the Directive of Council of June 12, 1989 about introduction of the measures promoting improvement of safety and health of workers on workplace (89/391/CEE) published in the Official magazine of the European Union by L 183 of June 29, 1989 with the changes made by Regulations (CE) No. 1137/2008 of the European parliament and Council of October 22, 2008 about adaptivising to the Decision 1999/468/SE Councils of some acts which are subject of the procedure provided in article 251 of the agreement regarding the procedure of regulation by control.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this law the following concepts are used:

the employer - any physical person or legal entity which is in employment relationships with the worker and responsible for the relevant company;

the working equipment - any the machine, the device, the tool or installation used on workplace;

individual remedy - any means intended for carrying or continence by the worker for the purpose of its protection against one or several risks which can endanger his health and work place safety, and also any additional tool or accessory designed for this purpose;

workplace - the place intended for the organization and implementation of different types of activities and also for placement of working posts in the buildings, structures closed or open rooms, on the parcels of land, on water objects of the company and any other place in or outside of the company to which the worker has access to time and for accomplishment of the labor tasks, including places for remote work;

the worker - any person hired according to the law by the employer including trainees and pupils;

the appointed worker - any worker appointed the employer for performance of work connected with protection and the prevention of professional risks at the company;

the production circle - set of physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial conditions in which the worker performs the activities;

means of production - set of buildings and other constructions, the working equipment, individual remedies, raw materials, semifinished products, etc. which are used in production process of material benefits;

danger of injuring or occupational disease - source of possible injury or deterioration in health of the worker on workplace;

the prevention - set of provisions or the measures taken or planned at all stages of factory job for the purpose of prevention or reduction of professional risks;

the employee representative allocated with the separate liability in the field of health protection and labor safety - any person, the favourites which are selected or appointed workers for representation of their interests on the questions connected with their safety and health protection on workplace (further - the employee representative);

professional risk (risk of injuring or occupational disease) - combination of probability and weight of possible injury or deterioration in health in dangerous situation;

health protection and labor safety - set of types of activity, measures, acceptances, means, the equipment, installations, the control instrumentation for providing the best working conditions, protection of life, health and physical and mental integrity of workers;

external service of protection and the prevention - any company which renders to other companies on the basis of the agreement services in protection and the prevention of professional risks.

Article 2. Field of regulation of the law

(1) This law governs the legal relations concerning introduction of measures for safety and health of workers on workplace. Ensuring health protection and labor safety of workers on workplace is management obligation.


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