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of July 21, 2008 No. 418-Z

About the register of the population

(as amended on 10-10-2022)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on June 24, 2008

Approved by Council of the Republic on June 28, 2008

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Coverage of this Law

This Law governs the public relations arising when implementing activities for entering of personal data of physical persons into the register of the population, their updating, to exception, storage, recovery, provision, use and protection.

Article 2. The main terms applied in this Law and their determinations

1. For the purposes of this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:

1.1. the register of the population (further - the register) - the state centralized automated information system which basis is made by base of personal data of citizens of the Republic of Belarus, the foreign citizens and persons without citizenship who are constantly living in the Republic of Belarus (further - physical persons);

1.2. entry in the register - the main and additional personal data of physical persons, and also data on details of the documents confirming the main and additional personal data of particular physical persons (further - personal data), and the related marks containing in the register;

1.3. maintaining the register - processing of the personal data and related marks containing in the register;

1.4. identification number - the alphanumeric sequence which is the basic identifying element of personal data in the course of their entering into the register, updating, exception, storage, recovery, provision, use and protection;

1.5. the registering service - the divisions of law-enforcement bodies authorized on maintaining the register.

2. The term "processing of personal data" is used in this Law in the value determined by the Law of the Republic of Belarus of May 7, 2021 No. 99-Z "About personal data protection".

Article 3. Purposes and tasks of the register

1. The purposes of the register are:

1.1. protection of the rights and freedoms of physical persons;

1.2. forming of common information space in the Republic of Belarus.

2. Tasks of the register are:

2.1. ensuring accounting of physical persons;

2.2. operational providing with reliable and up-to-date personal data state bodies, other organizations (further - the organizations), notaries and physical persons;

2.3. ensuring information exchange and cooperation of the organizations, including during interstate and international information exchange.

Article 4. Principles of functioning of the register

Functioning of the register is based on the principles:


observance of human rights and freedoms;

singularities of registration;

applications of single unique format of records when entering personal data into the register and provision of personal data from the register;

continuity of maintaining register;

completeness, reliability and relevance of the personal data containing in the register;

ensuring personal data protection, containing in the register;

control of maintaining the register.

Article 5. Legal basis of functioning of the register

The legal basis of functioning of the register is constituted by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law and other acts of the legislation.

Article 6. Financing and material logistics of the actions connected with realization of provisions of this Law

Financing and material logistics of the actions connected with realization of provisions of this Law are made at the expense of means republican and the local budgets including provided on content of the owner of the register, other state bodies and other state organizations (further - the state organizations) providing entering into the register of personal data and also at the expense of other sources which are not forbidden by the legislation.

Chapter 2. Entry in the register. Procedure for maintaining register

Article 7. Entry in the register

1. Entry in the register consists of the following personal data (in case of their availability) and the related marks:

1.1. main personal data;

1.2. additional personal data;

1.3. data on details of the documents confirming the main and additional personal data;

1.4. marks about entering of personal data into the register, their updating, exception, transfer on storage to electronic archive, recovery, provision to the organizations, notaries and physical persons.

2. Conducting entries in the register is performed by the state organizations by means of transfer of personal data in the form of electronic documents.

Article 8. Main personal data

1. Treat the main personal data:

1.1. identification number;

1.2. surname, own name, middle name (if that is available);

1.3. floor;


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