of December 20, 2004 No. 38/37
About requirements in the field of environmental protection in case of placement and operation of the objects performing sorting and conversion of utility waste
According to the Law of the Republic of Belarus of November 26, 1992 "About environmental protection" in edition of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 17, 2002, the Law of the Republic of Belarus of November 25, 1993 "About waste" in edition of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of October 26, 2000 and for the purpose of realization of provisions of the Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their removal accepted on March 22, 1989 in Basel, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus and the Ministry of Housing and Public Utilities of the Republic of Belarus DECIDE:
1. Determine that:
1.1. to the objects performing sorting and conversion of utility waste (further - objects), the sorting and biomechanical plants, the plants on thermal conversion of waste and other objects performing use of utility waste for production or energy, performance of works or rendering services with neutralization of not used part of waste belong;
1.2. placement of objects is performed according to the local program for the address with waste of territorial administrative unit of the Republic of Belarus (further - the program) where the arrangement of such objects is planned.
The program is developed and affirms local executive and administrative organs and shall provide:
the analysis of quantitative and high-quality structure of the utility waste which is formed in the territory of territorial administrative unit of the Republic of Belarus;
creation of the system of separate collection of utility waste including installation of containers for separate collection of waste at source of their education;
availability of the schematic map of arrangement of objects of collection of waste (containers, container areas);
availability of schedules and routes of collection and export of utility waste on objects;
availability of the objects performing procurement and (or) conversion of secondary raw materials;
construction of facilities, the utility waste performing conversion, and in need of the objects performing sorting of utility waste;
construction of facilities of placement or neutralization of the dangerous wastes which are formed when sorting utility waste and their subsequent conversion;
other actions necessary for the organization of integrated management of utility waste;
1.3. withdrawal of the parcels of land under construction of facilities is performed according to the Code of the Republic of Belarus about the earth and other legislation of the Republic of Belarus;
1.4. placement and operation of objects shall be performed according to requirements of the sanitary and epidemiologic legislation, the legislation in the field of environmental protection, lands and taking into account the requirements established in Item 2 of this resolution;
1.5. designing, construction, reconstruction, technical retrofitting, repair and operation of objects shall be performed according to requirements of technical regulatory legal acts of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization.
2. The following requirements belong to requirements in the field of environmental protection in case of operation of objects:
2.1. according to the address with the waste arriving on objects and which are formed as a result of conversion of waste:
2.1.1. the waste arriving on objects:
shall be weighed and considered according to the Rules of accounting of waste approved by the resolution of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus of November 26, 2001 No. 27 (The national register of legal acts of the Republic of Belarus, 2001, No. 118, 8/7523);
shall be sorted for the purpose of extraction:
secondary material resources, including waste paper paper and cardboard, glasses, plastic, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, rubber-containing waste, textiles, etc. At the same time the amount of the extracted secondary raw materials on each specific object shall reach step by step level at least 40% from the total amount of the utility waste arriving on object;
dangerous wastes, including the waste containing compounds of heavy metals, such as nickel, cadmium, lead, mercury (batteries, thermometers, etc.) which are subject to neutralization on special objects, and in case of their absence - to storage, safe for the environment, before creation of objects or technology for neutralization of such waste.
The waste arriving on the biomechanical plants shall meet standards of structure and properties of utility waste according to appendix 1;
2.1.2. the waste which is formed in case of conversion of utility waste:
by quantity of cindery remaining balance in case of conversion by thermal methods shall not exceed 30% of total quantity of the waste which is subject to conversion on object;
shall be used or neutralized directly on objects of their education or on other subjects to use or neutralization;
temporary storage of the waste formed in case of conversion of utility waste in the form of dust, powder shall exclude their hit to the environment, and transportation shall be performed by the vehicles which are specially equipped for these purposes or in special reservoirs;
the compost made from utility waste at the sorting and biomechanical plants shall meet standards of structure and properties according to appendix 2;
2.1.3. storage conditions of the waste which is subject to conversion on objects shall provide prevention of creation of explosive concentration of the methane which is formed from decomposition of organic component of waste in places of accumulating (storage) of reserve (week) stock of waste and prevention of emissions of the pollutants in atmospheric air formed in places of accumulating, stock holding of waste;
2.1.4. in case of storage of waste for the purpose of their conversion on objects their quantity shall not exceed week inventory of waste for continuous (rhythmical) work of objects with observance of sanitary and hygienic requirements;
2.2. on technology of burning of waste:
the geometry of hot zone of the device for burning shall provide stay of gases in zone with temperature not below 850 °C within at least 2 seconds in case of concentration of oxygen at least 6%;
the device of giving of waste shall provide the automatic termination of their giving in case of fall of temperature in the burning camera below 850 °C (the beginning of work, failures in operation of the equipment) and in case of exceeding of the set restrictions on emissions;
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