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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of July 8, 2008 No. 370-Z

About National assembly of the Republic of Belarus

(as amended on 17-07-2018)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on May 28, 2008

Approved by Council of the Republic on June 20, 2008

This Law on the basis of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus determines legal status, the principles, content, procedure for the organization and activities of Parliament - National assembly of the Republic of Belarus.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Parliament - National assembly of the Republic of Belarus

The parliament - National assembly of the Republic of Belarus (further National assembly) is representative and legislature of the Republic of Belarus.

The national assembly consists of two chambers - the House of Representatives and Council of the Republic.

Article 2. Principles of activities of National assembly

Activities of National assembly are based on the principles:

democratic character;

publicity;

separations of the government on legislative, executive and judicial;

supremacy of law and legality;

priority of the conventional principles of international law;

equalities of citizens before the law, respect of their rights and legitimate interests;

free discussion and decision making;

participations of citizens in the decision and discussion of questions of the state life.

Article 3. Structure of chambers of National assembly

Structure of the House of Representatives - 110 deputies. Election of deputies of the House of Representatives is performed on the basis of general, free, equal, direct suffrage in case of the secret vote according to the procedure established by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and other laws of the Republic of Belarus.

Council of the Republic is chamber of territorial representation. From each area and the city of Minsk secret vote are chosen at meetings of deputies of local councils of deputies of basic level of each area and city of Minsk on eight members of council of the Republic. Elections are held according to the procedure, established by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and other laws of the Republic of Belarus. Eight members of council of the Republic are appointed the President of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 4. Term of office of National assembly

Term of office of National assembly - four years. Powers of National assembly can be prolonged based on the law only in case of war.

Powers of chambers of National assembly begin from the date of the first meeting newly elected the Houses of Representatives, Council of the Republic and come to an end in the opening day of the first meeting of the House of Representatives, Council of the Republic of new convocation, except as specified, of the stipulated in Article 5 these Laws.

Article 5. Early termination of powers of chambers of National assembly

Powers of the House of Representatives can be stopped ahead of schedule in case:

refusal in trust to the Government of the Republic of Belarus;

expressions of non-confidence vote to the Government of the Republic of Belarus;

double refusal in consent on appointment of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus;

systematic (more than two times) or gross violation of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus - based on the conclusion of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus;

terminations of powers of Council of the Republic.

Powers of Council of the Republic can be stopped ahead of schedule in case:

systematic (more than two times) or gross violation of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus - based on the conclusion of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus;

terminations of powers of the House of Representatives.

Decisions concerning early termination of powers of chambers of National assembly are made by the President of the Republic of Belarus not later than in two-month time after formal consultations with chairmen of chambers of National assembly.

Chambers of National assembly cannot be dismissed:

in the period of emergency or warlike situation;

in the last six months of powers of the President of the Republic of Belarus;

in the period of the decision chambers of National assembly of question of early release from position or shift from position of the President of the Republic of Belarus;

within year from the date of the first meeting of each of chambers of National assembly.

Article 6. Competence of National assembly

Competence of National assembly is implemented by means of implementation of representative, legislative and other powers of the chambers of National assembly provided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus.

Chambers of National assembly perform the powers in forms and limits set by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and this Law.

Chambers of National assembly in case of interaction with other state bodies, bodies of territorial public self-government, other organizations are independent within the powers.

Article 7. Decisions of chambers of National assembly

The House of Representatives makes decisions in the form of the laws and resolutions on questions and according to the procedure, the provided Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law and the Regulations of the House of Representatives of National assembly.

Resolutions of the House of Representatives are accepted concerning administrative and control nature.

Council of the Republic makes decisions in the form of resolutions on questions and according to the procedure, the provided Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law and the Regulations of Council of the Republic of National assembly.

Decisions of chambers of National assembly are considered accepted provided that the majority from complete structure of chambers of National assembly voted for them if other is not provided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, parts of the fifth or seventh this Article.

Are accepted by the majority at least two thirds of voices of complete structure of each of chambers of National assembly:

Constitution of the Republic of Belarus;

the laws on modification and (or) amendments in the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus;

the laws on enforcement of the laws on modification and (or) amendments in the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus;

laws on interpretation of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus;

laws on the main directions of domestic and foreign policy of the Republic of Belarus, on the military doctrine of the Republic of Belarus (program laws);

the laws returned by the President of the Republic of Belarus with the objections for de novo review and vote in case of overcoming these objections;

the laws on modification and (or) amendments in the law which separate provisions are returned by the President of the Republic of Belarus with the objections for de novo review and vote, in case of overcoming these objections.

The House of Representatives upon the demand of the President of the Republic of Belarus or according to its order - the Governments of the Republic of Belarus accepts the majority at least two thirds of voices of complete structure of the House of Representatives the laws under which the conciliation commissions created by chambers of National assembly do not accept agreed texts of drafts of the laws.

The majority at least two thirds of voices of complete structure of each of chambers of National assembly makes also decisions:

about early release from position of the President of the Republic of Belarus;

about shift from position of the President of the Republic of Belarus;

about cancellation of the temporary decrees of the President of the Republic of Belarus which are valid the law.

Article 8. Forms of activities of chambers of National assembly

Work of the House of Representatives is carried out in the form of meetings, joint sittings with Council of the Republic, parliamentary hearings, activities of the permanent and temporary commissions, other bodies of the House of Representatives, deputy groups, deputies in the House of Representatives, constituencies, and also in other forms according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

Work of Council of the Republic is carried out in the form of meetings, joint sittings with the House of Representatives, parliamentary hearings, activities of the permanent and temporary commissions, other bodies of Council of the Republic, members of council of the Republic, and also in other forms according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 9. Procedure and forms of participation of chambers of National assembly in international cooperation

Chambers of National assembly perform cooperation with parliaments of foreign states, the international parliamentary and other international organizations according to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, other legal acts of the Republic of Belarus and regulations of chambers of National assembly.

For implementation of contacts with parliaments of foreign states and the international parliamentary organizations by chambers of National assembly from among deputies of the House of Representatives, members of council of the Republic according to the procedure, established by regulations of chambers of National assembly, permanent delegations and working groups can be created.

Deputies of the House of Representatives and members of council of the Republic can be also delegated respectively by the House of Representatives (Council of the House of Representatives), Council of the Republic (Presidium of Council of the Republic) to structure of the joint permanent delegations and the working groups of National assembly representing National assembly when implementing bilateral or multilateral parliamentary contacts or in the international parliamentary organizations.

Activities of official delegations and working groups of the House of Representatives and Council of the Republic in the international parliamentary organizations are performed according to charters (regulations) of these organizations within the powers provided to these delegations and groups.

Article 10. Legislation on activities of chambers of National assembly

Chambers of National assembly in the activities are guided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, other legal acts of the Republic of Belarus, and also regulations of chambers of National assembly.

The status of the deputy of the House of Representatives, the member of council of the Republic is determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, the Law of the Republic of Belarus of November 4, 1998 "About the status of the deputy of the House of Representatives, the member of council of the Republic of National assembly of the Republic of Belarus" (Vedamastsi Natsyyanalnaga to descent of Respubliki Belarus, 1998, No. 35, the Art. 516), other legal acts of the Republic of Belarus. Single questions of their activities can be regulated by regulations of chambers of National assembly, other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

Chapter 2. Questions of general power of chambers of National assembly

Article 11. Legislative powers of chambers of National assembly

The House of Representatives according to the proposal of the President of the Republic of Belarus or at the initiative of at least 150 thousand citizens of the Republic of Belarus having the voting rights considers drafts of the laws on modification and (or) amendments in the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, about interpretation of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus.

The House of Representatives according to the proposal of persons of law of the legislative initiative considers drafts of other laws of the Republic of Belarus.

Council of the Republic approves or rejects the drafts of the laws approved by the House of Representatives.

In the cases provided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, regulation of the public relations is performed by the laws of the Republic of Belarus.

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