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The document ceased to be valid since  March 10, 2014 according to the Law of Turkmenistan of  March 1, 2014.


of November 12, 1991 No. 600-XII

About conservation

(as amended on on April 18, 2009)

Conservation, rational use and reproduction of its resources, improvement of the environment in Turkmenistan are national national objectives, case of all people, moral duty of each citizen of Turkmenistan.

State policy of Turkmenistan in the field of conservation is aimed at providing priority of ecological interests of society taking into account evidence-based combination of development of economic and other activity to careful attitude to the nature, its riches, rational use of natural resources and the guaranteed human rights protection on the environment, healthy and favorable for life. The state proceeds from need of broad and effective international cooperation for the purpose of preserving natural resources and establishment of general and complete ecological safety of all world community.

The nonconsumptive legislation in complex with measures of organizational, economic and educational nature is designed to promote forming and strengthening of the ecological law and order protecting interests of conservation, life and health of citizens.

I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic principles of conservation

When implementing the economic, management and other activities exerting impact on state of nature. Councils of People's Deputies, their executive and administrative organs, legal entities, and also citizens shall be guided by the principles:

preserving stability of the biosphere and its ecological systems as habitats of the person;

evidence-based combination of ecological, economic and social interests of society;

providing the real rights of citizens to the environment, favorable for life;

ensuring publicity in the solution of nature protection tasks and close connection with public organizations and the population;

combinations of national, interstate and international interests in the field of conservation;

observance of requirements of the nonconsumptive legislation, accountability for its violations.

Article 2. The environment objects which are subject to protection

Lands, subsoil, waters, the woods, plant and animal life in all their specific variety, atmospheric air as components of natural ecological systems and the biosphere, and also climate, ozone layer of Earth are subject to protection from pollution, spoil, damage, depletion, destruction, destruction or other irrational use.

Article 3. The legislation of Turkmenistan on conservation

The relations in the field of conservation in Turkmenistan are governed by the Constitution of Turkmenistan, this Law issued according to them other acts of the legislation on conservation, and also land, water, forest legislations and legislations on subsoil, on protection of atmospheric air, plant and animal life and other special legislation of Turkmenistan.

Article 4. Competence of settlement, village, regional and city councils of People's Deputies in regulation of the relations on conservation

Are subject to maintaining settlement, village, regional and city councils of People's Deputies in the field of regulation of the relations on conservation in the territory:

organization of planning and financing of nature protection activities;

coordination of nature protection activities of governing bodies and legal entities;

the organization of voluntary cooperation of means for accomplishment of actions for conservation;

control of conservation, acceptance according to their competence of the decision on suspension for up to 10 days of the economic activity which is harmfully influencing the nature;

participation in the organization of reserved case;

conservation promotion, ecological education and education;

regulation of other questions of conservation entering their competence.

Article 5. Competence of regional councils of People's Deputies of field of regulation of the relations on conservation

Are under authority regional councils of People's Deputies in the field of regulation of the relations on conservation in the territory:


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