of May 12, 2001 No. 21
About precious metals and gemstones
The law determines the organizational and legal basis of regulation of the relations in the field of geological studying and investigation of fields of precious metals and gemstones, their production, production, conversion, use and the address (civil circulation).
This Law governs the relations arising in the field of geological studying and investigation of fields of precious metals and gemstones, their production, production, conversion, use and the address (civil circulation) including:
- establishes scope of the state monopoly;
- establishes the purposes, the principles and features of state regulation of activities of physical persons and legal entities;
- establishes powers of public authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan;
- determines the status of the State fund of precious metals and gemstones of the Republic of Tajikistan and the State fund of reserve fields of the Republic of Tajikistan;
- determines operating conditions of the market of precious metals and gemstones in the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan;
- determines the status of the State assay supervision and gold stock of the Republic of Tajikistan;
- I determine main types the main forms of the state control of geological studying and investigation of fields of precious metals and gemstones, their production, production, use and the address.
The procedure for making by citizens (physical persons) of transactions with the jewelry and other household products from precious metals and gemstones which are in property of citizens (private property) is not subject of regulation of this Law.
In this Law the following basic concepts are used:
precious metals - gold, silver, platinum and metals of platinum group (palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium and osmium).
This list of precious metals can be changed only by the law. Precious metals can be in any condition, type, including in the native, shlikhovy and affined type, and also in raw materials, alloys, semifinished products, industrial products, chemical compounds, jewelry and other products, coins, scrap and production wastes and consumption;
gemstones - natural diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires, noble spinel and alexandrite, and also natural pearls in the crude (natural) and processed type. This list of gemstones can be changed only by the law;
values - precious metals and (or) gemstones;
production of precious metals - extraction of precious metals from radical (ore), loose and technogenic fields with receipt of concentrates and others to floor of the products containing precious metals;
production of gemstones - extraction of gemstones from radical, loose and technogenic fields, and also sorting, primary classification and primary assessment of gemstones;
loose minerals - natural mineral educations, including precious metals and gemstones, tin, tungsten, rare metals, ornamental stones and others, formed as a result of physical and chemical aeration of rocks, manifestation and fields of radical minerals;
prospecting and volnoprinositelsky method - the method of the organization of production of loose minerals performed according to permission of authorized state body individual entrepreneurs and legal entities in subsoil plots with not counted inventories and undelivered on the state stock balance of minerals of the Republic of Tajikistan;
volnoprinositelsky activities - the precious metals and gemstones found, extracted and which are voluntarily handed over to the state;
jewelry - the products containing precious metals and gemstones the having state brand and test intended for private use of citizens;
investigation - exploration works - the works performed from search of fields of precious metals and gemstones before calculation and approval of their inventories;
the treasure of precious metals and gemstones - the precious metals buried in the earth or hidden by different way, gemstones or products from them which owner by law lost on them the right or cannot be established;
sorting and primary classification of gemstones the completing part of process of enrichment allowing based on the approved collections of standard samples and qualifiers to emit gemstones from the extracted mineral raw materials, and also to divide them into the separate grades meeting the standards accepted in the world market;
primary assessment of gemstones - the completing part of engineering procedure of enrichment providing assessment of gemstones based on the price lists applied to assessment of similar grades of mineral raw materials in the world market;
production of precious metals - extraction of precious metals from the extracted ores, complex ores, concentrates and other semi-products, and also the scrap and waste containing precious metals;
production of precious metals - extraction of precious metals from the extracted ores of the precious metals, complex ores, concentrates and other semi-products containing precious metals and also the scrap and waste containing precious metals; refining of precious metals;
refining of precious metals - process of purification of the extracted precious metals of impurity and the accompanying components, bringing precious metals to the quality conforming to the state standards and specifications operating in the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan or international standards;
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