of May 15, 1997 No. 435
About ensuring unity of measurements
This Law establishes the legal basis of ensuring unity of measurements in the Republic of Tajikistan, governs the relations of state bodies of management of the Republic of Tajikistan with physical persons and legal entities concerning production, release, delivery, operation, repair and import of measuring instruments and is directed to protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, the established law and order, and also protection of economy of the Republic of Tajikistan against negative consequences of doubtful results of measurements.
For the purposes of this Law the following basic concepts are applied:
unity of measurements - the condition of measurements in case of which their results are expressed in legalized units of sizes and error of measurements do not overstep the established bounds with the set probability;
gage - the technical device intended for measurements;
size unit standard - the measuring instrument intended for reproduction and storage of units of size for the purpose of transfer of its size to other measuring instruments of this size;
state size unit stage - the size unit standard recognized by the decision of the state body authorized on that as initial in the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan;
regulating documents on ensuring unity state standards, the international (regional) standards, rules, provisions, instructions and recommendations izmereniyprimenyaemy in accordance with the established procedure;
metrological service - set of subjects of activities and the work types aimed at providing unity of measurements;
metrological control and supervision - the activities performed by body of the public metrological service (the state metrological control and supervision) or metrological service of the legal entity for the purpose of check of observance of the established metrological rules and regulations;
check of gages - set of the transactions which are carried out by bodies of the public metrological service (other representatives on that bodies, the organizations) for the purpose of determination and confirmation of conformity of measuring instruments to the established technical requirements;
calibration of measuring instrument - set of transaction, carried out for the purpose of determination and confirmation of the valid values of metrological characteristics and (or) suitability to use of the measuring instrument which is not subject to the state metrological control and supervision;
the certificate on approval of types of measuring instruments - the document issued to representatives on that by state body, certifying that this type of measuring instruments is approved according to the procedure, provided by the current legislation, and conforms to the established requirements;
the certificate on calibration - the document certifying the fact and results of calibration of measuring instruments which is issued to the organizations performing calibration;
- authorized body - state body which performs regulation of the relations in the field of ensuring unity of measurements;
- the international instrumentation system - the instrumentation system of units of physical quantities accepted in 1960 by the XI General conference on masses and measurements;
The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on ensuring unity of measurements is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.
It is excluded
The relations in the field of ensuring unity of measurements are governed by the authorized state body determined by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Are within Tadzhikgosstandart's competence:
interregional and cross-industry coordination of activities on
to ensuring unity of measurements;
establishment of rules of creation, approval, storage and application of standards of units of sizes;
determination of general metrological requirements to means, methods and results of measurements;
implementation of the state metrological control of N of supervision;
management of activities of the public metrological service and other metrological services of ensuring unity of measurements;
participation in activities of the international organizations for ensuring unity of measurements.
The Republic of Tajikistan is in accordance with the established procedure allowed to application of unit of sizes of the International instrumentation system.
Names, designations and rules of writing of units of sizes, and also rules of their application in the Republic of Tajikistan are established by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, except as specified, provided by legal acts.
The government of the Republic of Tajikistan can allow for use on an equal basis with units of sizes of the International instrumentation system also stand-alone units of sizes.
Characteristics and parameters of the exported products, including measuring instruments, can be expressed in terms of the sizes established by the customer.
Use of units, differing from officially the permitted units, except as specified, established by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan is forbidden.
The technical basis of ensuring unity of measuring instruments in the Republic of Tajikistan is constituted by the state standards of sizes which safety is ensured by the state.
The state standards of sizes are used as measuring instruments of initial units for reproduction and storage of units of sizes for the purpose of transfer of their sizes to other measuring instruments of these sizes.
Measuring instruments are used for determination of sizes which units are allowed in accordance with the established procedure to application in the Republic of Tajikistan, and shall correspond to conditions operation and to the established requirements.
Decisions on reference of the technical device to measuring instruments and about establishment of intervals between checkings are accepted by Tadzhikgosstandart.
The gages falling under requirements of the metrological legislation are under control of metrological service. Nobody has the right to use or store for use of measuring instrument, being under control of the metrological legislation until they are sealed up by check about compliance.
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