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The document ceased to be valid since  August 26, 2015 according to article 29 of the Law of Turkmenistan of  August 18, 2015

LAW OF TURKMENISTAN

of December 14, 2007 No. 154-III

About the state guarantees of equality of women

(as amended on on March 26, 2011)

This Law according to national traditions of the Turkmen people and universal values is directed to realization of the basic principles of policy of Turkmenistan in the field of human rights, ensuring all-round development and progress of women and establishes the state guarantees for implementation by women on the basis of equality with men of human rights and freedoms in political, economic, social, cultural and other areas.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Equal rights of women in Turkmenistan

1. Women in Turkmenistan irrespective of nationality, race, origin, property, official and marital status, the residence, language, the relation to religion, political convictions, party accessory have the rights, equal with men, and freedoms in political, social and economic, cultural and other spheres of human activities.

2. The rights and freedoms established by this Law are guaranteed to the women who are citizens of foreign states, and also the women who do not have nationality, constantly living in Turkmenistan on an equal basis with women of Turkmenistan if other is not stipulated by the legislation Turkmenistan and international treaties of Turkmenistan.

Article 2. Legislation of Turkmenistan on the state guarantees of equality of women

The legislation of Turkmenistan on the state guarantees of equality of women is based on the Constitution of Turkmenistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan, international treaties of Turkmenistan.

Article 3. Purposes and tasks of this Law

The purposes and tasks of this Law are secured provision for women equal with men:

- the rights and freedoms in political, economic, social, labor, cultural and other areas;

- the relations in all spheres of life of society;

- family relations.

Article 4. State policy for the benefit of women

State policy of Turkmenistan for the benefit of women is directed on:

- legislative ensuring equality of women, non-admission of their discrimination, recovery of the rights of women in cases of their violation according to the legislation of Turkmenistan;

- development and implementation of the state target programs on ensuring equality of women;

- support and maternity welfare and childhood;

- assistance to harmonious, including physical, intellectual, spiritual, cultural and moral development of women;

- protection of society against the information directed to discrimination of citizens on bases of sex, and also spreading violence, cruelty, pornography, drug addiction, alcoholism, etc.;

- support and cooperation with public associations and other organizations, and also the international organizations performing activities for the benefit of women;

- respect for the conventional principles and rules of international law, and also the international obligations of Turkmenistan in the sphere of protection of the rights and freedoms of women, ensuring equality of women.

Article 5. Prohibition on discrimination of women

1. The open and indirect discrimination of women in any sphere of human activities is forbidden.

Discrimination is understood as any distinction, exception or preference which limits or denies equal enjoyment by persons of both sexes of rights and freedoms of man and citizen in political, economic, social, cultural, or any other area.

Is not discrimination of women:

- protection of functions of motherhood;

- execution only men of general conscription in the cases established by the legislation of Turkmenistan;

- prohibition on implementation of works using work of women whose list is determined by the legislation of Turkmenistan.

2. Persons which allowed the open and indirect discrimination of women bear the responsibility established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.

Chapter II. State guarantees of ensuring equality of women and protection of their interests

Article 6. Basic state guarantees of ensuring equality of women

The state guarantees implementation of the equal rights of women in political, social and economic, cultural and other areas by means of legal, economic, organizational, social, information and other measures according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan, this Law, other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan, and also the corresponding conventional principles and rules of international law.

Article 7. State guarantees of ensuring equality of women in implementation of the right to life, identity, own opinion, religious liberty, protection against infringement of their honor, advantage and reputation

1. The state guarantees to women the right, equal with men, to life and freedom of its implementation, preserving the identity including name, surname, nationality and nationality to private life, protection against infringement of honor, advantage and reputation.

Violent or illegal intrusion into privacy of the woman, infringement of her honor, advantage and reputation are not allowed.

2. Women on the basis of equality with men have the right to determine independently the relation to religion, to practise any religion or not to profess any, to freely express own opinion and views.

Article 8. State guarantees of the rights to creation of family and equal family relations

1. The state guarantees to women on an equal basis with men on reaching the age of consent established by the legislation of Turkmenistan, implementation of the right to marriage and creation of family.

2. Spouses are equal in the family relations.

Article 9. State guarantees of equality in government and passing of public service

1. The state guarantees to women participation, equal with men, in government.

The state provides equal participation of women in forming of legislative, executive and judicial branches of the government by means of legal, organizational and other measures according to the legislation of Turkmenistan.

2. The state guarantees providing to women of access, equal with men, to public service according to their capabilities and professional training.

Women have the rights, equal with men, obligations, responsibility and equal opportunities in case of revenues to public service and implementation of professional activity in its bodies.

3. The state guarantees to women opportunity on equal terms with men on voluntary basis to perform the constitutional debt on protection of the Fatherland by revenues to military service according to the procedure, established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.

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