Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2018 SojuzPravoInform LLC

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

Accepted on general referendum on November 6, 1994

(Changes and additions as a result of referendum of 26.09.1999, 22.06.2003 are made)

We, the People of Tajikistan, being integral part of the world community, understanding the debt and the responsibility to the past, present and future generations, understanding need of ensuring sovereignty and development of the state, recognizing firm freedom and human rights, respecting equality and friendship of all nations and nationalities, putting task creation of fair society,

We accept and proclaim this constitution

Chapter 1. Bases of the constitutional system

Article 1.

The Republic of Tajikistan - the sovereign, democratic, constitutional, secular and unitary state.

Tajikistan - the social state which policy is directed to creation of the conditions providing worthy life and free development of the person.

Republic of Tajikistan and Tajikistan - equivalent concepts.

Article 2.

State language of Tajikistan is Tajik.

Russian is language of international communication.

All nations and nationalities living in the territory of the republic, having the right to use freely the native language.

Article 3.

The state symbols of the Republic of Tajikistan are the Flag, the Coat of arms and the Anthem.

Article 4.

The capital of Tajikistan - the city of Dushanbe.

Article 5.

The person, its rights and freedoms are the supreme value.

Life, honor, advantage and other natural rights of the person are inviolable.

Rights and freedoms of man and citizen are recognized, observed and protected by the state.

Article 6.

In Tajikistan the people are the carrier of sovereignty and the single source of the government which performs directly, and also through the representatives.

The highest direct expression of the power of the people are the public referendum and elections.

The people of Tajikistan are constituted by citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan, irrespective of nationality.

Any public organization, political party, group of people or the individual has no right to usurp the government.

Usurpation of the power or infringement of its powers are forbidden.

The right to act on behalf of all people of Tajikistan belongs only to the President, Majlisi milli and Majlisi namoyandagon of Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan on their joint sitting

Article 7.

The territory of Tajikistan is indivisible and inviolable. Tajikistan consists of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, areas, the cities, areas, settlements and villages.

The state provides sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the republic. The promotion and actions directed to separation of unity of the state are forbidden.

Procedure for education and change of administrative and territorial units are regulated by the constitutional law.

Article 8.

In Tajikistan public life develops on the basis of political and ideological pluralism.

The ideology of any batch, public association, religious organization, movement or group cannot be acknowledged as state.

Public associations and political parties are created and are effective within the Constitution and the laws.

The religious organizations are separated the state and cannot interfere with public affairs.

Creation and activities of the public associations and political parties propagandizing racial, race, social and religious strife or calling for violent overthrow of the constitutional system and the organization of armed groups are forbidden.

Article 9.

The government is based on the principle of its separation on legislative, executive and judicial.

Article 10.

The constitution of Tajikistan has the highest legal force, its regulations have direct action. The laws and other legal acts contradicting the Constitution have no legal force.

The state and all its bodies, officials, citizens and their associations shall observe and perform the Constitution and the laws of the republic.

The international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan are component of system of law of the republic. In case of discrepancy of the laws of the republic to acknowledged international legal acts regulations of international legal acts are applied.

The laws and international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan become effective after their official publication.

Article 11.

Tajikistan, pursuing peace-loving policy, respects sovereignty and independence of other states, determines the foreign policy on the basis of the international standards.

Propaganda for war is forbidden.

Tajikistan, being guided by the highest interests of the people, can enter the commonwealth and other international organizations, and also to leave them, to establish connection with foreign countries.

The state cooperates with foreign compatriots.

Article 12.

The basis of the economy of Tajikistan is made by various patterns of ownership.

The state guarantees freedom of economic and business activity, equality and legal protection of all patterns of ownership, including private.

Article 13.

The earth, its subsoil, water, airspace, animal both flora and other natural resources are exclusive property of the state and the state guarantees their effective use for the benefit of the people.

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