of March 5, 2008 No. 74
About approval of the Concept of creation and jobs preservation in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-2015
According to article 13 of the Constitutional law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan", for the purpose of creation and jobs preservation, the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides:
1. Approve the Concept of creation and jobs preservation in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-2015 it (is applied).
2. To the ministries, departments and local executive bodies of the government of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, areas, the city of Dushanbe, cities and areas to take necessary measures for ensuring accomplishment of this Concept.
Republic of Tajikistan Emomalii Rahmon
Approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of March 5, 2008 No. 74
The concept of creation and jobs preservation in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008 - 2015 (further - the Concept) determines the main directions and priorities of state policy by strengthening of social orientation of economy, achievement of the effective employment of the population promoting growth in prosperity of citizens and providing necessary conditions for creation and jobs preservation.
Since finding of independence by the Republic of Tajikistan the most difficult period in the history of the Tajik people began. The performed rate in the country on transition to market economy directly affected all spheres of life.
The collapse of the USSR and gap of commercial ties took place along with internal shocks. Considerable impact was exerted to the republic by civil war. These factors involved economy of the Republic of Tajikistan in protracted crisis of transition period.
And as the result, during the period from 1992 to 1996 in economy of Tajikistan is observed unprecedented declining production, its investments, frustration of financial system.
At the beginning of transition period for the labor market of Tajikistan which had before the centralized planned economy, rather full employment, and even shortage of skilled labor force in some industries was characteristic. Open unemployment did not exist.
Factors of transition period affected employment not directly as the companies, first, were reluctantly exempted from excessive workers, expecting the short-term, passing nature of economic reforms.
However, the continuing economic crisis sharply reduced financial opportunities of the companies, having deprived of them opportunity to keep such provision during the long period. The capability of large enterprises to employ decreased, and possibilities of the developing small business were insufficient to create necessary quantity of new workplaces.
Still in the early nineties outflow of personnel from the republic therefore since 1994 more dynamic change of employment is observed began.
Besides, the consistent policy pursued in the country in the field of privatization of objects of state-owned property as quite necessary and reasonable measure in the conditions of market economy, also influenced process of release of workers.
Considerable impact on the labor market is exerted by rather high level of birth rate and natural increase of the population. Within the last 15 years population of Tajikistan grew more than by quarter (28.3%), and manpower - for 60.2%.
Dynamics of employment in the 90th years was in many respects determined by scope changes of gross domestic product. However, this dependence was unequal within last decade. Till 1996 decline in GDP was more considerable, than reducing employment, and since 1997 happens gradual rapprochement of rates.
Only from 1992 for 1997 number occupied in the formal sector of economy was reduced more than by 118 thousand people. In spite of the fact that since 2000 increase in number of occupied population began, at the same time growth rate of quantity of busy lags behind rates of surplus of manpower almost for 40%.
Thus, the employment level of able-bodied population decreased from 67.3% in 1994 to 52.8% in 2006.
Economic transformations and transition to market economy promoted development of various patterns of ownership that led to change of distribution of labor power by sectors of economy.
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