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The document ceased to be valid according to article 36 of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan of  March 18, 2015 No. 1197

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of May 21, 1998 No. 597

About science and the state scientific and technical policy

(as amended on 28-12-2013)

This Law governs the organization-legal, economic and social relations between subjects of scientific, scientific and technical activities and public authorities in the Republic of Tajikistan.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on science and state scientific and technical policy

The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on science and the state scientific and technical policy is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other laws and regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

Article 2. Basic concepts

The basic concepts used in this Law:

- scientific activities (research activities) the activities directed to development and implementation of new knowledge, including basic and applied scientific research;

- basic scientific research - the experimental or theoretical activities directed to receipt of new knowledge of the main patterns of structure, functioning and development of the person, society, the environment;

- applied scientific research - the researches directed mainly to use of new knowledge for achievement of the practical purposes and the solution of specific objectives.

- scientific and technical activities - activities of new knowledge for the solution of technological, engineering, economic, social, humanitarian and other problems, ensuring functioning of science, the equipment and production as single system;

- experimental developments - activities which are based on knowledge acquired as a result of carrying out scientific research or on the basis of practical experience and are directed to preserving life and health of the person, creation of new materials, products, processes, devices, services, systems or methods and their further enhancement;

- the state scientific and technical policy - component of social and economic policy which expresses the relation of the state to scientific and scientific and technical activities determines the purposes, the direction, forms of activities of public authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of science, the equipment and realization of achievements of science and technology;

- scientific and (or) scientific and technical result - the product of scientific and (or) scientific and technical activities containing new knowledge or the decision and fixed on any information carrier;

- scientific and (or) scientific and technical products - scientific and (or) scientific and technical result, including result of intellectual activities and intended for realization;

- grants - the cash and other means donated and irretrievable citizens and legal entities, including foreign citizens and foreign legal entities, and also the international organizations, on carrying out specific scientific research on the conditions provided by grantors;

- subjects of scientific and scientific and technical activities physical persons and legal entities which main activities are connected with opening, researches and application of new scientific and scientific and technical achievements;

- the model code of scientific ethics - the systematized set of rules and standards of behavior, beliefs and ethical principles of the organization of scientific and scientific and technical activities governing the public relations in the field of scientific research;

- scientific ethics - the standards of behavior established and recognized as the world scientific community and rules of moral of the scientist (researcher);

- scientific offense - actions unworthy the scientist, such as falsification of data, intentional misstatement of the truth, plagiarism, and also acquisition and sale of scientific research (theses, degree, final and academic year projects) for the purpose of their further public protection under own name.

Chapter 2. Subjects of scientific and scientific and technical activities

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