of February 8, 1992
About interaction in the field of ecology and protection of the surrounding environment
The agreement parties which are hereinafter referred to as with High contracting parties
recognizing the right of each person to the environment, favorable for life, and ecological safety,
understanding responsibility for providing favorable conditions for accommodation and wellbeing before the people and the people of other states, and also future generations,
based on the right of each state to establish procedure for use of the earth, its subsoil, the woods, waters, plant and animal life and other natural resources,
proceeding from understanding of integrity and indivisibility of the surrounding environment, unity of interest of all states in its preserving and sustainable development,
noting that borders between the states do not match with natural and ecological and basin borders, and understanding that economic and other activity in the territory of one state shall not cause damage to the environment, quality of life of the population and economic activity of other states,
being guided by need of adoption of the approved legal acts in the field of ecology and protection of the surrounding environment, and also the harmonized standards and ecological standard rates ensuring ecological safety and wellbeing of each person
understanding need of carrying out the coordinated basic and applied ecological researches,
aiming at coordination of actions in the field of environmental management and in case of the solution of environmental problems,
attaching special significance to role of public consciousness in the solution of environmental problems,
agreed as follows:
High contracting parties develop and pursue coordinated policy in the field of ecology and protection of the surrounding environment (protection and use of lands, soils, subsoil, the woods, waters, atmospheric air, plant and animal life, natural resources of the continental shelf, economic zone and the high sea outside action of national jurisdiciton).
High contracting parties shall in the territory:
develop and adopt legal acts, environmental standards and standards in the field of environmental management and protection of the surrounding environment;
record natural resources and their use on quantitative and qualitative indexes and carry out environmental monitoring;
exercise effective state control behind condition and change of the surrounding environment and its resources;
take measures for reproduction of live resources, preserving and recovery of biological diversity;
develop network of reserves, wildlife areas, national parks and other especially protected territories and natural complexes, to limit economic and other activity in the zones adjoining to them;
to comprehensively estimate ecological effects of the economic and other activity performed in their territories;
create and support the special forces and means necessary for the prevention of environmental disasters, disasters, accidents and liquidation of their effects;
carry out environmental assessment of programs and forecasts of development of productive forces, investment and other projects;
take measures for development of ecological education and education, ensuring publicity in environmental issues;
establish evidence-based regulations of involvement in economic and other activity of natural resources, and also limits of their irretrievable withdrawal taking into account need of providing general ecological safety and wellbeing;
keep the state Red Lists, represent materials for maintaining the interstate Red List;
For ensuring conducting coordinated policy in the field of ecology and protection of the surrounding environment High contracting parties recognized necessary:
harmonize the nonconsumptive legal acts adopted by them, environmental standards and standards;
to jointly develop and perform interstate programs and projects in the field of environmental management and protection of the surrounding environment and ecological safety, including programs of safe destruction and neutralization of chemical and nuclear weapon, highly toxic and radioactive waste;
apply general approaches, criteria (indicators), methods and assessment procedures of quality and control of condition of the surrounding environment and anthropogenous impacts on it, providing comparability of data on condition of the surrounding environment internationally;
use the approved techniques in case of assessment of impact of economic and other activity on the surrounding environment;
unify methods of regulation of anthropogenous impacts on the surrounding environment;
apply the approved methods in control of genetic changes in communities of live organisms and protection of rare and endangered species, and also areas of their dwelling;
create and support interstate ecological information system and provide information in the order of other High contracting parties;
develop and perform the approved scientific and technical policy in the field of ecology and protection of the surrounding environment, conducting the coordinated basic and applied ecological researches;
develop and apply the general principles of stimulation of nature protection activities, sanctions for violation of the nature protection legislation;
be guided by general methodological requirements when conducting environmental assessment of programs and forecasts of development of productive forces, investment and other projects;
develop conditions and procedure for use of special forces and means for rendering mutual aid in case of emergency ecological situations, liquidation of their effects and participation in the corresponding international campaigns.
For accomplishment of the provisions provided in Article 3 of this agreement, High contracting parties agreed to create Interstate ecological council.
High contracting parties charge to Interstate ecological council:
implementation of coordination and carrying out coordinated policy in the field of ecology and protection of the surrounding environment;
the organization of carrying out with participation of representatives of concerned parties of environmental assessment of programs and forecasts of development of productive forces, investment and other projects which implementation infringes or can infringe on interests of two and more High contracting parties;
rendering assistance in permission of ecological disputes between High contracting parties;
maintaining the interstate Red List, preparation of offers and materials for the International Red List;
determination together with the interested High contracting parties of conditions and procedure for their participation in accomplishment of the obligations following from the accepted international agreements in the field of ecology and protection of the surrounding environment.
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