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Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan 

 On January 4, 2008 No. 1228

ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of November 2, 2007 No. 543

About approval of the State program of fight against crime in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008 - 2015

(as amended of the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of 02.07.2015 No. 442)

According to article 13 of the Constitutional law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan" the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides:

Approve the enclosed Program of fight against crime in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008 - 2015 years.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan

E.Rakhmonov

Appendix

to the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of November 2, 2007 No. 543

The state program of fight against crime in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-2015

The state program of the Republic of Tajikistan on measures of strengthening of fight against crime for 2008-2015 is developed for the purpose of accomplishment of the President's letter of the Republic of Tajikistan of Emomalii Rahmon of April 30, 2007 in Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan "About the main directions of foreign and domestic policy of the Republic of Tajikistan".

This Program is aimed at providing and efficiency of strengthening of fight against crime with participation of all state subjects, bodies and the public, considerable improvement of system of fight against them, real protection of human rights and freedoms, protection of the constitutional system and political, economic and social transformations in the republic.

Taking into account the directions of crime in the Republic of Tajikistan this Program consists of the following parts: organization-legal measures, organizational practical measures, international cooperation in the field of fight against crime, information and scientific support, personnel and material logistics. For step-by-step implementation of this Program the Actions plan is provided it (is attached).

1. The general provision about condition and tendencies of crime in the Republic of Tajikistan

For the purpose of further strengthening of legality and law and order, ensuring stability and tranquility of society it is necessary to perform resolute fight against crime.

It is necessary to recognize that qualitative indexes of modern crime changed content and forms of global security system and predetermine need of creation of the single direction for opposition to threats of modern civilization. Opposition to threats of crime are impossible without implementation about life of the principles of the international cooperation based on mutual trust of employees.

Strategic objectives of international cooperation in the field of protection of the rights shall be directed to creation of single system of fight against crime. This system shall correspond completely to the level of ensuring protection of the modern world, the national states and citizens by development of measures of joint activities and collective counteraction to manifestation of the reactionary phenomena.

On statistical data of information center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan for years of the state independence of the republic the quantity of the committed crimes from year to year decreases. For example, if in the republic in 1992 - as a result of the beginning of civil war 25294 crimes, then after recovery of the constitutional system in 1993 were registered, this figure made 24646. And in 1994 their quantity decreased directly to 14279 crimes. Thus, the crime amount decreases from year to year. In 2006 11223 crimes are registered that in comparison with 2005 decreased by 7 percent.

At the same time, it should be noted that in 2006 the structure of making of some crimes was alarming.

Including, crimes of premeditated murder increased by 48,6, attempted homicide on 39,4, robbery on percent 37,1, making of crimes with use of firearms on rape 107,1, on 3,7 and attempt rape on 5,6 of percent.

In 9 months 2007 crime rate in comparison with the same period of last year increased with 8718 to 9379 or by 7,6 of percent, through criminal investigation department on 11,6, from them serious crimes on 7, of percent, including rape on 10.8, intentional drawing heavy bodily harm to health on 12,8, robbery on 3,4, fraud on 24,5, racketing on 50,0, theft on 18,2, of burglaries on 37,2 and hooliganisms on 6,8 of percent. Solvability of these crimes constitutes percent 85,6.

Increase in crime rate is connected with identification of 25 percent of crimes from among the crimes committed for last years.

The quantity of the committed crimes, such as murder on 11,3, rape on 18, of assaults on 33,3, of crimes of 28,8, pases made using firearms arms trafficking on 13,3 of percent decreased.

At the same time, some forms of crimes are taken especially dangerous nature for society and tend to organization and professionalism. In the course of fierce competition behind control of profitable spheres of economic activity and sphere of influence in favorable zones, criminal circles unite and arm, attract the state apparatus in the activities, take root into government structures, and also power and law enforcement agencies. It first of all, is helped by lack of efficient state control of turnover and promotions of the capital and financial resources. The big financial and cash sources existing in the capital and the regional centers of the republic, and also other big inhabited centers also considerably influence geographical division of crime. In these central administrative units there are possibilities of illicit trafficking in financial resources and receipt of big profits that attracts to itself organized criminal groups.

Other tendency of crime in the region is growth of drug trafficking in the Republic of Tajikistan. It is accompanied by intensive increase in production of drugs in adjacent Afghanistan. Since the beginning of 2003 Afghanistan turned into the center of world scale for monopoly of production of heroin which constitutes 92 percent of turnover of heroin now. This adverse condition draws attention of criminal groups that poses big threat for mankind. Making of the crimes connected with drugs more and more acquire organized nature. Smuggling of narcotic substances and consolidation of the criminal groups of Tajikistan which are engaged in sale of drugs strengthen the international system of purchase and sale of drugs of organized groups of countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe and Asia. Insufficient protection of frontier, transparent borders of the CIS countries, and also geographical location of the republic and rather safe ways of the hidden promotion of narcotic substances to Russia, and from there to Western Europe, strengthen involvement of the international drug dealers to Tajikistan.

For the purpose of study of fight against dangerous modern manifestations law enforcement agencies of the Republic of Tajikistan find new ways of fight. It is necessary that law enforcement agencies for the purpose of effective fight against crime coordinated collateral actions and cooperated with relevant organs of other countries.

2. Basic conceptual rules

The basis of the Program is constituted by the following - conceptual (basic) rules:

The main efforts of society and state shall be directed to creation of reliable system of antagonism of crime.

Strengthening of role of the state as guarantor of safety and for this purpose creation of the necessary legal base and the mechanism of its realization, strengthening of law enforcement agencies, involvement of other government institutions within the competence to prevention and suppression of illegal actions are priorities.

The state and society for prosecution of unfortunate trends of crime, ensuring gradual decrease in its level and ease of their effects have all necessary means.

During development and implementation of reliable measures of counteraction of crime in modern conditions it is necessary to take into account that crime depends on many factors. On the one hand are the political and social processes and manifestations inherent in all world community. On the other hand are the special processes and manifestations inherent to today's stage of development of the Republic of Tajikistan (threat of dangerous modern crimes - terrorism, extremism, illicit trafficking in narcotic substances, human trafficking, other organized and transnational crimes, low level of legal culture, uncontrolled migration, the social and economic conflicts in the course of adaptation of the population to new different conditions of economy and similar).

The measures provided in the Program shall be really provided with financial, material and personnel resources, monitoring and forecasting.

3. Purposes, tasks and principles of the Program

The purposes of this Program are strengthening of fight against crime, thorough change of activities of law enforcement agencies in the field of fight against crime providing reliable protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens, public and state interests against felonious intents and acts. Taking into account criminal tendencies in the Republic of Tajikistan the directions of fight against them are determined.

The actions determined in this Program cover 2008-2015. The separate directions of strengthening of fight against crime provided in this Program shall be reflected by subjects of prevention of crime (contractors of the Program) in short-term plans and the strategy of implementation of the policy of the state directed to fight against crime.

The main objectives of the Program are sent to completion and harmonization of the national legal system; creations of reliable system of counteraction of crime; implementation preventive, investigation and search operations and special interdepartmental coordinated actions; strengthenings of law enforcement bodies; involvement of other state, public bodies and citizens to prevention and suppression of illegal actions; expansion and strengthening international cooperation for fight against crime; the information and scientific support directed to fight against crime; personnel preparation, advanced training and material logistics; ensuring consecutive decrease in crime rate and ease of its effects.

The program is developed on the basis of the principles of legality, democracy, publicity and does not exclude development and adoption of industry programs for the separate committed dangerous modern crimes.

4. Control over the implementation of the Program

Contractors of the Program bear responsibility for timely accomplishment of actions; effective and reasonable use allocated financial and appliances.

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