of May 10, 2002 No. 50
This Law determines the bases and procedure for calling of persons who are looking for shelter refugees in the Republic of Tajikistan, establishes economic, social and legal guarantees of protection of the rights and the set interests of refugees determines legal status of the refugee.
The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on refugees is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.
In this Law the following basic concepts are applied:
- the refugee - person who is not citizen of the Republic of Tajikistan and is in its territory owing to quite reasonable concerns to fall victim of prosecutions in the state of the civil accessory on the basis of race, religion, nationality, nationality, belonging to certain social group or political convictions and who cannot or does not wish owing to such concerns to use protection of this state or person who, without having certain nationality and being in the Republic of Tajikistan owing to similar circumstances cannot or does not wish will return to the state permanent the residence owing to such concerns;
- person who is looking for shelter - the foreign citizen or the stateless person which left the country of the nationality or the former residence with intention to petition for acquisition of the status of the refugee in the Republic of Tajikistan;
- the place of temporary residence - the place of temporary resettlement of persons who are looking for shelter and the members of their families petitioning for recognition by their refugees or recognized as refugees;
- the temporary certificate of person who is looking for shelter the document confirming the personality and legal status of persons who are looking for you will escape petitioning for recognition by their refugees in the Republic of Tajikistan according to this Law;
- the center of temporary placement - the Specialized center of law-enforcement bodies for temporary accommodation of persons who are looking for shelter, and members of their families petitioning for receipt of the status of the refugee, for holding the provided primary actions for identification and registration;
- the travel document - the document issued by law-enforcement body, to persons recognized as refugees for departure out of limits of the Republic of Tajikistan and entrance on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan;
- the certificate of the refugee - the document of the established sample which confirms the personality of the persons who are looking for shelter, recognized as refugees in the Republic of Tajikistan;
- the status of the refugee - legal status (the set of common laws, freedoms, obligations and legitimate interests determined by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan) of the persons who are looking for shelter, recognized as refugees in the Republic of Tajikistan;
1. Provisions of this Law are not applied to persons who are looking for shelter and refugees in the following cases:
- if there are good causes to assume that they committed the war crimes or crimes against the world and safety of mankind provided by the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan;
- if there are good causes to assume that they committed serious crimes of non-political nature outside the Republic of Tajikistan before arrival on its territory;
- if there are good causes to assume that they are guilty of making of the acts contradicting the purpose and the principles of the United Nations;
- if they use protection or the help of bodies or organizations of the United Nations, except Management of the High Commissioner of the United Nations for refugees.
2. The provision of this Law does not extend also to persons who left the state of the civil accessory (the former residence) for the social and economic reasons owing to hunger, epidemic or emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature.
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