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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of January 5, 2008 No. 313-3

About traffic

(as amended on 14-12-2021)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on December 17, 2007

Approved by Council of the Republic on December 20, 2007

This Law determines legal and organizational basis of traffic in the Republic of Belarus for the purpose of protection of life and health of physical persons, and also protection of the rights, legitimate interests and property of physical persons and legal entities.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of traffic

The relations in the field of traffic are governed by this Law, Traffic regulations, other acts of the legislation, international treaties of the Republic of Belarus, and also the international legal acts constituting the right of the Eurasian Economic Union.

If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Law then are applied rules of the international treaty.

Article 2. Traffic regulations

Traffic regulations determine procedure for traffic in the Republic of Belarus and contain:

rights and obligations of participants of traffic;

the main terms and concepts applied in the field of traffic, and also their determination;

description and image of road traffic lights, route signs, road marking, identification signs of vehicles;

the list of defects of vehicles and conditions under which participation of vehicles in traffic is forbidden;

basic provisions about the admission of vehicles to participation in traffic;

other provisions in the field of traffic.

Article 3. Participants of traffic

Participants of traffic are the physical persons which are within the road in (on) the vehicle or out of it, except for the traffic controllers and workers who are carrying out in accordance with the established procedure on the road repair and other work.

Treat participants of traffic:

transport driver, self-propelled machine;

pedestrian;

passenger;

rider, driver of the cattle;

the person trained in control of the motorized vehicle, the self-propelled machine and which is in them;

person taking qualification practice examination for the right of control of the motorized vehicle, the self-propelled machine.

Article 4. Common laws and obligations of participants of traffic

Participants of traffic have the right on:

providing safe conditions of traffic;

obtaining from state bodies and from authorized officers of reliable information about traffic conditions, about the reasons of veering, introduction of temporary prohibition or temporary restriction of movement on roads, product quality, the works and services connected with traffic safety control;

receipt of medical care in case of the road accident;

appeal of actions (failure to act) of the state bodies authorized by them the organizations and their service employees performing state regulation, management and control in the field of traffic;

compensation caused to them and (or) their property of harm.

Participants of traffic have other rights in the field of traffic provided by Traffic regulations and other acts of the legislation.

Participants of traffic shall:

nobility and observe the requirements of Traffic regulations relating to them;

be effective honesty, correctly, be attentive and mutually polite, not create obstacles and danger to traffic;

take measures for non-admission of pollution of roads and the environment, including not to throw out garbage and other objects out of specially allotted places;

fulfill other duties in the field of traffic established by this Law, Traffic regulations and other acts of the legislation.

Participants of traffic are forbidden to damage roads and technical means of the organization of traffic.

Article 5. Car driver license

The car driver license – the document confirming the right of control of the motorized vehicle or the self-propelled machine of the corresponding category.

In the Republic of Belarus are issued:

the car driver license on the right of control of the moped, motorcycle, the car, structure of vehicles, tram, trolleybus;

the car driver license on the right of control of the wheel tractor, self-propelled machine (certificate of the tractor operator-driver);

international car driver license.

Effective period of the car driver licenses issued in the Republic of Belarus constitutes ten years if other is not provided by legal acts. The car driver licenses issued till February 1, 2011 keep the action during the term for which they were issued. Effective period of the international car driver license is limited to expiry date of the car driver license specified in the paragraph the second to part two of this Article or constitutes three years depending on what term will come earlier.

In case of exchange of earlier issued car driver licenses for the right of control of the moped, motorcycle, the car, structure of vehicles, tram, trolleybus, and also car driver licenses on the right of control of the wheel tractor, self-propelled machine of category and subcategory of motorized vehicles, structures of vehicles, self-propelled machines on which the right of management is granted in case of their discrepancy are determined respectively by the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food.

The persons which are temporarily staying or temporarily living in the Republic of Belarus have the right to operate motorized vehicles, the self-propelled vehicles in the territory of the Republic of Belarus in the presence of the valid car driver license issued by foreign state, conforming to requirements of the Convention on traffic of November 8, 1968 or the valid car driver license issued by foreign state and constituted in one of state languages of the Republic of Belarus, or the valid car driver license issued by foreign state and accompanied with the translation of the text of the car driver license into one of state languages of the Republic of Belarus certified in accordance with the established procedure.

The foreign citizens and stateless persons having the valid car driver license issued by foreign state (except for the citizens of the Russian Federation having the Russian national car driver license), are considered as the motorized vehicles which do not have the right of management, self-propelled machines in the territory of the Republic of Belarus after 90 days from date of issue to such persons of the passport of the citizen of the Republic of Belarus (the ID card of the citizen of the Republic of Belarus), the biometric residence permit in the Republic of Belarus of the foreign citizen (the biometric residence permit in the Republic of Belarus of the stateless person) or certificates of the refugee before receipt of the car driver license by them in the Republic of Belarus.

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