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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

of January 7, 2008 No. ZRU-139

About guarantees of the rights of the child

(as amended on 17-05-2022)

Accepted by Legislative house on November 23, 2007

Approved by the Senate on December 1, 2007

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Purpose of this Law

The purpose of this Law is regulation of the relations in the field of guarantees of the rights of the child.

Article 2. Legislation on guarantees of the rights of the child

The legislation on guarantees of the rights of the child consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.

If the international treaty of the Republic of Uzbekistan establishes other rules, than those which are stipulated by the legislation the Republic of Uzbekistan about guarantees of the rights of the child then are applied rules of the international treaty.

Article 3. Basic concepts

In this Law the following basic concepts are applied:

child(children) - person (persons) before achievement of age of eighteen years (age of majority);

legal representatives of the child are parents, adoptive parents, guardians, custodians;

guardianship and custody - legal form of child placement, without parental support, for the purpose of content, education and education, and also for protection of their rights, freedoms and legitimate interests. Guardianship is established over the children who did not reach fourteen years, guardianship - aged from fourteen up to eighteen years;

the orphan child - the child whose both parents died or are declared the dead by a court decision;

the child with shortcomings of physical and (or) mental development - the child with the physical, intellectual, touch (sensual) and (or) mental violations which are not sufficient for purpose of disability;

socially vulnerable children are the children who are in difficult life situation owing to the developed circumstances, needing special protection and support from the state and society including children:

with disability;

with shortcomings of physical and (or) mental development;

orphans;

without parental support;

brought up in specialized child care facilities;

without certain residence;

from needy families;

brought to trial and being in organizations on execution of the punishment;

injured with violence and operation, armed conflicts and natural disasters;

children (child) with disability - children (child) who in connection with restriction of activity owing to availability of permanent physical, intellectual, touch (sensual) or mental violations need the public assistance and protection of the rights and legitimate interests from the state and society;

persons replacing parents - person (adoptive parents, guardians and custodians), in the procedure established by the law the performing parent rights and the carrying-out parental responsibilities concerning the child, but not being his parents;

the child, without parental support - the child who lost guardianship of parents owing to any reasons, except for the orphan child.

Article 4. State policy on protection of the rights of the child

The main directions of state policy on protection of the rights of the child are:

providing rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the child;

protection of life and health of the child;

non-admission of discrimination of the child;

honor and dignity protection of the child;

ensuring equal rights and opportunities of children;

enhancement of the legal basis of guarantees of the rights of the child;

ensuring compliance with the legislation on guarantees of the rights of the child;

ensuring openness and transparency of activities of state bodies and their officials on providing and protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the child;

assistance to physical, intellectual, spiritual and moral development of children;

preparation, advanced training and retraining of personnel, the child's rights performing activities in the sphere of protection;

education at children of feelings of patriotism, civic consciousness, tolerance and peacefulness;

familiarizing of the child with historical and national traditions, cultural wealth of the people of Uzbekistan and achievements of world culture;

development of the identity of the child, his scientific, technical and art creativity;

support of children's initiatives;

forming at the child of sense of justice and legal culture;

cooperation between state bodies and non-state non-profit organizations for the purpose of providing the rights of the child;

development of cooperation with the international organizations performing activities in the sphere of protection of the rights of the child;

assistance of social adaptation of children, to decrease in offenses among minors.

Article 5. Powers of state governing bodies on providing the rights of the child

State governing bodies within the competence perform the following powers:

forming and realization of single state policy on providing the rights of the child;

determination of the priority directions on providing the rights of the child;

execution of the legislation on guarantees of the rights of the child;

development and implementation of the state and territorial programs on providing the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the child;

coordination and control of activities of state bodies, child care facilities, organizations for providing rights of the child;

financing in accordance with the established procedure actions for realization of state policy for protection of the rights of the child at the expense of the means of the Government budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan and other sources which are not forbidden by the legislation;

taking measures to strengthening of material and technical resources of the public child care facilities and assistance to development of non-state child care facilities;

control of execution of the international obligations of the Republic of Uzbekistan and representation of interests of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the international organizations for providing the rights of the child;

information and educational activities;

solution of questions of support of socially vulnerable children.

State governing bodies can perform also other powers according to the legislation.

For the purpose of ensuring protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the child, coordination of activities of the state and other bodies, the organizations for protection of the rights of the child the authorized body by the child's rights according to the procedure, established by the legislation can be created.

Article 6. Participation of self-government institutions of citizens and non-state non-profit organizations in providing the rights of the child

Self-government institutions of citizens and non-state non-profit organizations assist the child in realization and protection of its rights, freedoms and legitimate interests, render legal, methodical, information and other assistance to the child or his legal representative.

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