Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2019 SojuzPravoInform LLC


of March 15, 1994 No. 2875-XII

(In edition of Decisions of respublikansoky referendum of November 24, 1996, on October 17, 2004 No. 1)

We, people of the Republic of Belarus (Belarus),

proceeding from responsibility for the present and the future of Belarus,

understanding itself the full subject of the world community and confirming the commitment to universal values,

based on the inalienable right to self-determination,

relying on centuries-old history of development of the Belarusian statehood,

aiming to approve the rights and freedoms of each citizen of the Republic of Belarus,

wishing to provide civil consent, firm foundations of democracy and the constitutional state,

we accept this Constitution - the Fundamental Law of the Republic of Belarus.

Section I. Bases of the constitutional system

Article 1. The Republic of Belarus - the unitary democratic social constitutional state.

The Republic of Belarus has supremacy and completeness of the power in the territory, independently performs domestic and foreign policy.

The Republic of Belarus protects the independence and territorial integrity, the constitutional system, provides legality and law and order.

Article 2. The person, its rights, freedoms and guarantees of their realization are the supreme value and the purpose of society and state.

The state is responsible before the citizen for creation of conditions for free and worthy development of the personality. The citizen otvetstven before the state for strict fulfillment of duties, assigned to it by the Constitution.

Article 3. The single source of the government and the carrier of sovereignty in the Republic of Belarus are the people. The people perform the power directly, through representative and other bodies in the forms and limits determined by the Constitution.

Any actions for change of the constitutional system and achievement of the government by violent methods, and also by other violation of the laws of the Republic of Belarus are punished according to the law.

Article 4. Democracy in the Republic of Belarus is performed on the basis of variety of political institutes, ideologies and opinions.

The ideology of political parties, religious or other public associations, social groups cannot be established as obligatory for citizens.

Article 5. Political parties, other public associations, being effective within the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Belarus, promote identification and expression of political will of citizens, participate in elections.

Political parties and other public associations have the right to use the state media according to the procedure, determined by the legislation.

Creation and activities of political parties, and equally in other public associations aiming at violent change of the constitutional system or conducting propaganda for war, social, race, religious and racial hatred is forbidden.

Article 6. The government in the Republic of Belarus is performed on the basis of its separation on legislative, executive and judicial. State bodies within the powers are independent: they interact among themselves, constrain and counterbalance each other.

Article 7. In the Republic of Belarus the principle of supremacy of law is established.

The state, all its bodies and officials are effective within the Constitution and acts of the legislation adopted according to it.

The legal acts or their separate provisions recognized in the procedure established by the law contradicting Constitution provisions, have no legal force.

Regulations of state bodies are published or brought to the general attention by other method provided by the law.

Article 8. The Republic of Belarus recognizes priority of the conventional principles of international law and provides compliance to them of the legislation.

The Republic of Belarus according to rules of international law can enter on voluntary basis interstate educations and to leave them.

The conclusion of international treaties which contradict the Constitution is not allowed.

Article 9. The territory of the Republic of Belarus is natural condition of existence and spatial limit of self-determination of the people, basis of its welfare and sovereignty of the Republic of Belarus.

The territory of Belarus is single and inaliennable.

The territory is divided into areas, areas, the cities and other administrative and territorial units. Administrative-territorial division of the state is determined by the legislation.

Article 10. Protection and protection of the state both in the territory of Belarus, and beyond its limits is guaranteed to the citizen of the Republic of Belarus.

Nobody can be deprived of nationality of the Republic of Belarus or the right to change nationality.

The citizen of the Republic of Belarus cannot be issued to foreign state if other is not provided by international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

Acquisition and loss of nationality are performed according to the law.

Article 11. Foreign citizens and stateless persons in the territory of Belarus have the rights and freedoms and fulfill duties on an equal basis with citizens of the Republic of Belarus if other is not determined by the Constitution, the laws and international treaties.

Article 12. The Republic of Belarus can grant asylum right to persons pursued in other states for political, religious beliefs or national identity.

Article 13. The property can be state and private.

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