of June 22, 2001 No. 39-Z
About rescue services and the status of the rescuer
Accepted by the House of Representatives on May 24, 2001
Approved by Council of the Republic on June 8, 2001
This Law determines the legal basis of activities of rescue services in the territory of the Republic of Belarus, governs the relations in this area between republican state bodies, local executive and administrative organs, other organizations, and also citizens, establishes the rights, obligations and responsibility of rescuers, determines guarantees of their legal and social protection.
In this Law the following basic concepts and their determinations are applied:
rescue service - the organization created for the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations and equipped with rescue means;
wrecking - urgent works in zone of emergency situation on rescue of people, material and cultural values, decrease in the extent of the harm done to the environment, and also on localization of emergency situation and liquidation or reduction of level of impact of the dangerous factors characteristic of it, carried out in conditions, life-threatening and to human health for which accomplishment special training, equipment and equipment of rescuers are required;
rescue means - the special means intended for the organization, carrying out and providing wrecking including means of communication and managements, the rescue equipment, the equipment, tools, individual protection equipment, equipment and other property, and also methodical materials, video, film, photographic materials on technology of rescue and other urgent works in case of liquidation of emergency situation, information databases and other means;
other urgent works in case of liquidation of emergency situation (further – other urgent works) – the actions aimed at providing wrecking, rendering the first and other types of the help to the population which was injured in emergency situation, creation of the conditions necessary for protection of life and preserving human health;
the head of liquidation of emergency situation - person performing administrative functions and responsible for the organization of rescue and other urgent works;
the rescuer - person who underwent certification on carrying out wrecking.
The legislation of the Republic of Belarus in sphere of activity of rescue services is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
Treat state regulation of activities of rescue services:
development of the state target programs concerning activities of rescue services, the organization of their accomplishment, financing and control over the implementation;
creation, reorganization or liquidation of the rescue services containing at the expense of means of the republican budget;
determination of the list of republican state bodies, associations of legal entities, other state organizations subordinated to the Government of the Republic of Belarus, other organizations which without fail create rescue services;
rendering assistance to republican state bodies, associations of legal entities, to other state organizations subordinated to the Government of the Republic of Belarus, local executive and administrative organs, other organizations in preparation and equipping of the rescue services created by them;
providing guarantees of legal and social protection of rescuers and members of their families;
providing financial support to rescue services for the purpose of protection of the population and the territories against emergency situations;
assignment on republican state bodies, local executive and administrative organs, other organizations of obligation of rendering assistance to the rescue services following in zone of emergency situation for carrying out rescue and other urgent works including provision of necessary material resources by it from the emergency situations of reserves created for liquidation, and also provision of the right to free journey, departure, first-priority providing with fuels and lubricants, first-priority (extraordinary) repair of rescue means at service stations, airfields and in river ports;
establishment of system of privileges to the rescue services and organizations rendering these to services financial and (or) material and logistical assistance and also to the organizations performing production of rescue means;
determination of procedure and conditions of ensuring preparation, retraining and advanced training of rescuers and officials of rescue services.
Wrecking are the search and rescue, mine-rescue, gas-rescuing, antigushing works, works connected with suppression of the fires and also the works which are carried out in the conditions of the raised radiation and other works which list is determined by the Government of the Republic of Belarus.
The basic principles of activities of rescue services are:
humanity and mercy;
priority of tasks of rescue of life, preserving human health and decrease in the extent of the harm done to the environment in case of emergency situations;
one-man management of management of rescue services;
obligation of carrying out wrecking;
safety when carrying out wrecking.
The main objectives of rescue services are:
carrying out wrecking;
ensuring permanent readiness for carrying out wrecking which degree is determined by the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus.
The following tasks can be assigned to rescue services by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus:
participation in implementation of the actions directed to the prevention of emergency situations on the serviced objects and the territories, control of compliance of these objects and the territories to projects which can affect resistance of the serviced objects and the territories to emergency situations, and safety requirements of production, training of their heads and workers for prevention and liquidation of emergency situations;
participation in carrying out in the field of protection of the population and the territories against the emergency situations of state examination assumed for projects implementation and decisions which can affect resistance of the serviced objects and the territories to emergency situations, increase in degree of protection of the territories and the population from emergency situations;
Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info
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