of June 24, 2002 No. 117-Z
About emergency state
Accepted by the House of Representatives on May 17, 2002
Approved by Council of the Republic on June 6, 2002
Emergency state means the particular temporary legal regime of activities of state bodies, other organizations, their officials entered according to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and this Law in all territory of the Republic of Belarus or in its certain areas allowing the established by this Law of restriction (suspension) of the rights and freedoms of citizens of the Republic of Belarus, foreign citizens and persons without citizenship (further if other is not provided, – citizens), the rights of the organizations, and also assignment on them subsidiary duties.
The purposes of introduction of emergency state are elimination of the circumstances which formed the basis for its introduction, safety of life and human health, and also elimination of the danger posing threat of territorial integrity and to existence of the state.
State of emergency can be imposed in the presence of the circumstances posing direct safety hazard of life and human health, territorial integrity and to existence of the state which elimination is impossible without application of emergency measures. Treat such circumstances:
to entail the emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature, including epidemic and epizooty which entailed (able) the human victims, drawing damage to health of people and the surrounding environment, considerable material losses and violation of conditions of life activity of the population (further - emergency situations);
the conflicts which are followed by violence or threat of violence from group of persons and the organizations from which danger to life and human health, territorial integrity and existence of the state results (attempts of violent change of the constitutional system, capture or deduction of the government in the unconstitutional way, the armed rebellions, mass riots, the international and interfaith conflicts which are followed by violent acts, creating direct safety hazard of life and human health).
Emergency state in all territory of the Republic of Belarus or in its certain areas is entered by the presidential decree of the Republic of Belarus with entering into three-day term of the made decision on approval of Council of the Republic of National assembly of the Republic of Belarus.
In case of death of the President of the Republic of Belarus as a result of attempt at his life, making of the act of terrorism, external aggression, owing to other actions of violent nature without delay based on the decision of the Security Council of the Republic of Belarus in accordance with the established procedure in the territory of the Republic of Belarus state of emergency is imposed (if the decision on introduction of warlike situation is not made).
In the circumstances specified in part one of this Article:
the Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus presides over meetings of the Security Council of the Republic of Belarus;
by consideration of the questions connected with elections chairmen regional, Minsk city executive committees with voting power participate in meetings of the Security Council of the Republic of Belarus;
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