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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of November 8, 2007 No. 259-FZ

Charter of road transport and urban land electric transportation

(as amended on 02-07-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on October 18, 2007

Approved by the Federation Council on October 26, 2007

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Regulation subject

1. This Federal Law governs the relations arising when rendering services by road transport and urban land electric transportation which are part of transport system of the Russian Federation. The relations connected with rendering services by road transport and urban land electric transportation and not settled by this Federal Law are regulated by other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.

2. This Federal Law determines general terms of public conveyances and baggage, loads respectively by buses, by trams, by trolleybuses, cars, cargo vehicles, including with use of automobile trailers, automobile semitrailer trucks (further also - vehicles), and also general terms of provision of services to passengers, freighters, consignors, consignees, carriers, freighters on objects of transport infrastructures.

3. Public conveyance and baggage, loads road transport in the international message are regulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation.

4. Also regulations of the legislation of the Russian Federation on consumer protection are applied to the relations connected with public conveyances and baggage, loads for the personal, family, house or other not connected with implementation of business activity needs.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) baggage - the passenger's things accepted for transportation in accordance with the established procedure;

2) the ticket - the carriage document certifying the conclusion of the transportation agreement of the passenger;

3) load - the material object accepted for transportation in accordance with the established procedure;

4) the consignor - physical person or legal entity which according to the transportation agreement of load acts on its own behalf or on behalf of the owner of load and is specified in the way bill;

5) the consignee - the physical person or legal entity authorized on receipt of load;

6) the work order - chartering contract form;

7) container - the equipment having amount at least one cubic meter suitable for reuse and adapted for loading, unloading of load, its overload from one vehicle on other vehicle without intermediate reloading of load;

8) route - vehicle travel line between the points of departure and assignments;

9) route of regular transportations - the travel line of vehicles intended for implementation of public conveyances and baggage according to schedules from starting stopping point through intermediate stopping points to terminal stopping point which are determined in accordance with the established procedure;

10) objects of transport infrastructure - the constructions, production and technological complexes intended for servicing of passengers, freighters, consignors, consignees, carriers and freighters, and also for ensuring work of vehicles;

11) stopping point - the place of stop of vehicles along route of regular transportations equipped for landing, disembarkation of passengers and expectation of vehicles;

12) the passenger - the physical person which signed the transportation agreement of the passenger, or the physical person for the purpose of whose transportation the charter agreement of the vehicle is signed;

13) carrier - the legal entity, the individual entrepreneur who assumed obligation according to the transportation agreement of the passenger, the transportation agreement of load to transport the passenger and to deliver baggage, and also to transport the load entrusted by the consignor in destination and to issue baggage, load to person authorized on their obtaining;

14) the route sheet - the document serving for accounting and control of work of the vehicle, the driver;

15) the schedule - the schedule establishing time or intervals of arrival of vehicles of stopping point or departures of vehicles from stopping point;

16) cabin baggage - the passenger's things which are transported by the passenger with themselves in the vehicle and which safety is in transit ensured by the passenger;

17) perishable load - load which safety in transit is provided with the vehicle by means of observance of certain temperature condition;

18) the specialized vehicle - the vehicle intended and equipped for transportation of certain types of loads;

19) the terminal - the production and technological complex intended for implementation of the transactions connected with carriages of goods;

20) the way bill - the carriage document confirming the conclusion of the transportation agreement of load;

21) the freighter - physical person or legal entity which shall pay the cost of use of all for the charter agreement or part of capacity of one or several vehicles provided on one or several runs for public conveyances and baggage, loads;

22) the freighter - the legal entity, the individual entrepreneur who assumed obligation according to the charter agreement to present to the freighter all or part of capacity of one or several vehicles on one or several runs for public conveyances and baggage, loads.

Article 3. Rules of public conveyances and baggage, loads

1. Based on this Federal Law Government of the Russian Federation approves rules of public conveyances and baggage by road transport and urban land electric transportation, and also rules of carriages of goods by road transport.

2. Rules of public conveyances and baggage road transport and urban land electric transportation (further - rules of public conveyances) represent the regulatory legal acts regulating procedure for the organization of different types of public conveyances and baggage, and also condition of public conveyances and baggage and provision of vehicles for such transportations.

3. Rules of carriages of goods by road transport (further - rules of carriages of goods) represent the regulatory legal acts regulating procedure for the organization of transportations of different types of loads, ensuring safety of loads, vehicles, containers and also conditions of carriages of goods and provision of vehicles for such transportations.

Article 3.1. Control (supervision) on road transport, urban land electric transportation and in road economy

1. Control (supervision) on road transport, urban land electric transportation and in road economy behind observance of the mandatory requirements established by the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, municipal regulatory legal acts, international treaties of the Russian Federation, acts constituting the right of the Eurasian Economic Union in the field of road transport and urban land electric transportation, highways, road activities regarding safety of highways, the international motor transportations is performed by means of:

1) federal state control (supervision) on road transport, urban land electric transportation and in road economy - authorized federal executive body according to the provision approved by the Government of the Russian Federation;

2) regional state control (supervision) on road transport, urban land electric transportation and in road economy - authorized bodies of the executive authority of subjects of the Russian Federation according to the provisions approved by the highest actuators of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation;

3) municipal control on road transport, urban land electric transportation and in road economy - authorized bodies of local self-government according to the provisions approved by representative bodies of municipalities.

2. Subject of federal state control (supervision) on road transport, urban land electric transportation and in road economy is observance:

1) the mandatory requirements established by Articles 6 and 7, parts 1 and 2 of Article 8, parts 1 and 2 of Article 18, articles 21.1 and 27 of this Federal Law;

2) licensed requirements to activities for public conveyance and other persons by buses;

3) mandatory requirements to transportations of dangerous and perishable loads;

4) mandatory requirements to implementation:

a) driving through highways public of federal importance of the vehicles having the permitted maximum weight over 12 tons;

b) movements of heavyweight and large-size vehicles (weight and dimensional control);

c) driving of vehicles through paid highways, paid sections of highways regarding observance of procedure for introduction of fare of the vehicle;

d) operation of the objects of road service placed in rights of way and (or) roadside strips of highways public of federal importance;

e) works on major repair, repair and content of highways public of federal importance and artificial road features on them (including requirements to road-building materials and products) regarding ensuring safety of highways;

5) mandatory requirements in the field of the organization of regular transportations:

a) to availability of routemaps of regular transportations at carriers and transport drivers;

b) to compliance of characteristics of the vehicle to the data specified in the route map of regular transportations;

c) to passenger loading scheme in vehicles and disembarkation of passengers from vehicles;

d) to the equipment of the objects of transport infrastructure intended for servicing of passengers of interregional routes of regular transportations (bus stations, bus stations, stopping points);

e) to accomplishment of the regular transportations provided by flight timetable along interregional route;

e) to accomplishment of the set restrictions to the organization of public conveyances and baggage by request for the purpose of free implementation of regular transportations;

6) mandatory requirements in the field of the international motor transportations:

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