of May 5, 1998 No. 141-Z
About protection of the population and the territories against emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature
Accepted by the House of Representatives on April 9, 1998
Approved by Council of the Republic on April 16, 1998
This Law governs the relations in the field of protection of the population and the territories against emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature which are in modern conditions the most important part of safety.
This Law determines general organization-legal regulations in the field of protection of citizens of the Republic of Belarus, the foreign citizens and stateless persons which are in the territory of the Republic of Belarus, all land, water, airspace within the Republic of Belarus or its part, subjects to production and social appointment, and also the environment (further - the territory) from emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature (further emergency situation).
In this Law the following basic concepts are used:
emergency situation - the situation which developed in certain territory as a result of industrial accident, other dangerous situation of technogenic nature, catastrophic crash, natural hazard, natural or other disaster which entailed or can entail the human victims, damnification to human health or the environment, significant material damage and violation of conditions of life activity of people;
the prevention of emergency situations - complex of the events held beforehand and directed to the greatest possible reduction of risk of emergence of emergency situations, and also to preserving human health, decrease in the extent of the harm done to the environment and material damage in case of their origin.
The prevention of the socio-political, international conflicts and mass riots and measure for their settlement do not fall within coverage of this Law;
zone of emergency situation - the territory in which there was emergency situation;
liquidation of emergency situations - the rescue and other urgent works which are carried out in case of emergency situations and directed to rescuing of life and preserving human health, decrease in the extent of the harm done to the environment and material damage and also on localization of zones of emergency situations;
monitoring and forecasting of emergency situations - timely determination of probability of threats of emergence of emergency situations with reflection of their origin and development on the basis of the analysis of the possible reasons and sources of their origin in the past and the present.
The legislation in the field of protection of the population and the territories against emergency situations consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
The state system of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations combines the republican state body exercising control in the field of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations, ensuring fire, industrial, nuclear and radiation safety, civil defense (further - republican state body on emergency situations), other republican state bodies, other state organizations subordinated to Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, local executive and administrative organs, other organizations into which power the solution of questions on protection of the population and the territories against emergency situations is included.
The main objectives of the state system of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations are:
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