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The document ceased to be valid since  April 7, 2018 according to article 45 of the Law of the Republic of Armenia of  March 28, 2018 No. ZR-180

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

of April 29, 2002 No. ZR-320

About legal acts

(as amended on 14-01-2017)

Accepted by National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia on April 3, 2002

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of regulation of the Law

This Law establishes types and hierarchical hierarchy of legal acts of the Republic of Armenia, general procedure for their development, examination, acceptance, publication, entry into force, action, change, cancellation, interpretation, explanation and systematization.

Article 2. Legal act

1. The legal act is the official written instrument accepted by the people of the Republic of Armenia, state bodies or local government bodies, the public or local government offices, and also legal entities of the Republic of Armenia, their allocated divisions or organizations in the cases provided by the law and procedure within their powers by which are established subject to obligatory recognition, protection, protection, execution or application of the right, obligation, responsibility, restrictions or other rules (further - rules of conduct).

The legal act can have temporary or permanent nature, can be provided for single or repeated application.

2. Legal acts in character happen normative, individual (substandard) or internal (local).

3. The regulatory legal act is accepted by the people of the Republic of Armenia, state bodies or local government bodies of the Republic of Armenia in the cases established by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, the law and procedure, within their powers the official written instrument provided by the law which is directed to establishment, change or cancellation of the precept of law or precepts of law.

The legal act is considered normative if it contains at least one precept of law.

Also legal act providing changes or amendments in regulatory legal act, and also terminating regulatory legal act or its part, even in case of absence in these changes or amendments of the precept of law is considered regulatory legal act.

Regulatory legal acts are adopted on the basis of the Constitution and the laws and for the purpose of ensuring their implementation.

4. The precept of law is the rule of conduct accepted by the people of the Republic of Armenia, state bodies or local government bodies of the Republic of Armenia in the cases established by the law and the procedure determined by this Law within their powers which has temporary or permanent nature, it is provided for single or repeated application and is obligatory for the uncertain or certain group of people (but not personally).

5. The individual act is the legal act accepted by the bodies specified in part one of this Article within their powers which has temporary or permanent nature, is provided for single or repeated application, does not contain the precept of law and establishes rules of conduct only for directly specified (provided) in it personally physical persons or legal entities, or for state bodies or local government bodies, or for the public or local government offices (further - persons).

The individual legal act is adopted only according to regulatory legal act and in the limits set by it.

6. The internal act is accepted in the cases provided by regulatory legal acts by the Chairman of the Central bank of the Republic of Armenia in case the Central bank of the Republic of Armenia acts as bank, by other state bodies specified in article 4 of this Law, the public or local government offices, legal entities, their allocated divisions or organizations, and also individual entrepreneurs (daleeorgan, the adopting internal legal act) within their competence the act which has temporary or permanent nature, is provided for single or repeated application and establishes rules of conduct which extend only to the uncertain or certain group of people (but not personally), which:

1) consist with the body accepting them in the employment, administrative or civil relationships, or

2) use services or works of the body accepting them, or

3) are founders (participants, members, unitholders, etc.) of the legal entities accepting them.

The internal legal act is adopted only according to regulatory legal act and in the limits set by it.

The provisions which are available in the internal legal act which contain the precepts of law extending to the other persons who are not provided by this part have no legal force.

Article 3. The general requirements imposed to legal acts

1. The legal act can be adopted only by the people of the Republic of Armenia or state bodies, either local government body, or the public or local government offices, legal entities of the Republic of Armenia authorized on that by the Constitution or the law or having on that competence, either their allocated divisions, or organizations, and also individual entrepreneurs.

2. The legal act shall not contradict the equivalent or having higher legal force legal act.

3. The legal act shall correspond to rules of the legislative equipment.

4. Acceptance of regulatory legal act shall be public.

5. The regulatory legal act shall govern typical (governing one sphere) the relations.

6. Entering into the legal act adopted by law-making body in final version, lingvo-stylistic, editorial, syntactic and other nature of changes by other persons or bodies, except for corrections of spelling and punctuation errors is forbidden. The changes made to violation of requirements of this part have no legal force.

Article 4. System of legal acts

The legal acts published in the Republic of Armenia are:

1) the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia and the changes made to it, the laws of the Republic of Armenia, the resolution of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia, decrees and orders of the President of the Republic of Armenia, the decision of the chairman of National assembly of the Republic of Armenia, the order of the Government of the Republic of Armenia or the resolution of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia (further - the legislation of the Republic of Armenia, the legislation or legal acts);

2) resolutions of Council of the Central bank of the Republic of Armenia, the order of the chairman of National assembly of the Republic of Armenia, the resolution of Central Election Commission of the Republic of Armenia, the resolution and the instruction of the Regulating Energy Committee of the Republic of Armenia, the resolution of the State Council according to the statistics the Republic of Armenia, the resolution of State commission on protection of the economic competition of the Republic of Armenia, the resolution of the National commission on television and radio, resolutions of Council for public service of the Republic of Armenia, orders of ministers, heads of state bodies under the Government of the Republic of Armenia, resolution or order of governors, the mayor of Yerevan (further - departmental acts);

3) resolutions of local government board or the head of municipality, and also accepted on local referendum of the resolution of local government bodies (further - acts of local government bodies);

4) the international agreements ratified by National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia or approved by the President of the Republic of Armenia according to the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Armenia and which became effective (further - the international agreements of the Republic of Armenia);

5) resolutions, decisions or sentences of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia, Trial Court, Appeal Court or Court of cassation of the Republic of Armenia, Economic court of the Republic of Armenia (further - court resolutions), and also the individual orders and orders accepted by heads of offices of courts;

6) individual or internal orders, orders, resolutions, petitions, instructions and other individual and internal legal acts adopted by other state bodies specified in Items 1, 2 and 5 parts one of this Article (further - legal acts of other state bodies);

7) orders or orders of the public or local government offices, and also devices of employees of heads of the communities which do not have the status of state body (further - legal acts of the public or local government offices);

8) the orders or orders accepted by legal entities, their allocated divisions or organizations, and also individual entrepreneurs (further - legal acts of legal entities).

Article 5. Coverage of this Law

1. Operation of this Law extends to normative or individual legal acts of legislative, departmental bodies or local government bodies of the Republic of Armenia if this Law does not provide other.

2. Operation of articles 26, of 28, of 31, 32 and 35 these Laws does not extend to drafts of the laws or to drafts of the resolutions of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia drafted or introduced according to the procedure of the legislative initiative by deputies of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia.

3. Operation of this Law extends to the international agreements of the Republic of Armenia only in the cases which are directly provided by this Law.

4. Operation of this Law extends to court resolutions only in the cases which are directly provided by this Law.

5. Operation of this Law extends as well to the individual and internal legal acts adopted by other state bodies if the legislation of the Republic of Armenia does not provide other or other does not follow from being of these legal acts.

6. Operation of this Law extends to the individual and internal legal acts adopted by the public or local government offices, and also legal entities if the legislation of the Republic of Armenia does not provide other or other does not follow from being of these legal acts.

Features of regulation of the relations connected with forms of administrative acts, their acceptance, publication or the edition, their introduction in force, their change, recognition invalid the termination of their action, and also acquaintance of addressees with these acts, are established by the Law of the Republic of Armenia "About bases of administration and administrative production".

7. The rules for individual legal acts provided by this Law are applied to internal legal acts if the law does not provide other.

8. The rules established by this Law for regulatory legal acts can be used by law-making bodies concerning individual or internal legal acts if the law does not provide other or other does not follow from being of this legal act.

Article 6. Competence adopt regulatory legal acts

1. Competence adopt regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Armenia has (have):

1) the people - only by referendum;

2) the President of the Republic of Armenia, National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia, the chairman of National assembly of the Republic of Armenia, the Government of the Republic of Armenia, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia, Council of the Central bank of the Republic of Armenia, and also Central Election Commission of the Republic of Armenia, the Regulating Energy Committee of the Republic of Armenia, the State Council according to the statistics the Republic of Armenia, State commission on protection of the economic competition of the Republic of Armenia, the National commission on television and radio, Council for public service of the Republic of Armenia (further - the regulating commissions), ministers of the Republic of Armenia, heads of state bodies under the Government of the Republic of Armenia (further - the minister), and also governors, the mayor of Yerevan, local government board and the head of municipality;

3) the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia - in the cases provided by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia;

4) Trial Courts, Appeal Courts and Court of cassation of the Republic of Armenia - regarding recognition invalid the legal act of the state body or local self-government contradicting the law or in the cases established by this Law - to the legal act having higher legal force.

5) Council of chairmen of the courts of the Republic of Armenia in the cases established by the Judicial code of the Republic of Armenia, the chairman of Court of cassation of the Republic of Armenia – as regards judicial service.

2. Regulatory legal acts cannot be adopted by other state bodies, divisions of state bodies and local self-government, and also the public and local government offices and legal entities.

3. The regulatory legal acts adopted by the bodies which are not provided by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia and this Law have no legal force.

Article 7. Procedure for development, consideration and adoption of legal acts

1. The procedure for adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia or introduction in it of changes, adoptions of the laws by referendum is established by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, Regulations of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia, the Law of the Republic of Armenia "About referendum".

2. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of drafts of the laws and drafts of resolutions of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia introduced by deputies of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia is established by Regulations of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia.

The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of drafts of the resolutions of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia offered by the President of the Republic of Armenia, or drafts of the laws of the Republic of Armenia offered by the Government of the Republic of Armenia, or drafts of resolutions of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia is established by Regulations of National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia, this Law and presidential decrees of the Republic of Armenia.

3. The procedure for development, consideration or adoption of decrees and orders of the President of the Republic of Armenia is established by this Law or the decree or the order of the President of the Republic of Armenia.

4. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of the orders of the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia is established by this Law or presidential decrees of the Republic of Armenia.

5. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of resolutions of Council of the Central bank of the Republic of Armenia is established by the law and resolutions of Council of the Central bank of the Republic of Armenia.

7. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of resolutions of the regulating commissions of the Republic of Armenia is established by this Law, other laws of the Republic of Armenia, and in the cases established by the laws as well resolutions of the commissions.

8. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of orders of ministers of the Republic of Armenia, resolutions and orders of governors, the mayor of Yerevan is established by this Law, other laws, presidential decrees of the Republic of Armenia and the orders of the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

9. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of resolutions of local government board and the head of municipality is established by this Law, the laws of the Republic of Armenia "About local self-government" and "About local referendum" and the order of the Government of the Republic of Armenia.

11. The procedure for adoption of resolutions of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia is established by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia and the Law of the Republic of Armenia "About the Constitutional Court".

12. The procedure for adoption of resolutions, decisions and court verdicts of the first instance, Appeal Court and Court of cassation of the Republic of Armenia is established by the law.

13. Procedure for development, consideration and adoption of legal acts of other state bodies are established by the legislation of the Republic of Armenia or according to the procedure, provided by regulations on these bodies.

14. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of legal acts of the public or local government offices is established by the legislation of the Republic of Armenia, founders of these bodies or according to the procedure, provided by regulations on these bodies.

15. The procedure for development, consideration and adoption of legal acts of legal entities is established by the legislation of the Republic of Armenia or according to the procedure, provided by charters of these legal entities.

Chapter 2. Types and hierarchical hierarchy of legal acts

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