of March 30, 1994 No. 2914-XII
About the Constitutional court of the Republic of Belarus
(as of June 15, 2009)
Control of constitutionality of regulations in the Republic of Belarus is exercised by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus.
The constitutional court is established for ensuring rule of the Constitution and its direct action in the territory of the republic, compliance of acts of state bodies of the Constitution, approval of legality in law-making and law enforcement, solutions of other questions provided by the Constitution and this Law.
The basic principles of activities of the Constitutional Court are legality, independence, collective nature, publicity, ustnost, equality and competitiveness of the parties.
The constitutional court in case of execution of the functions is independent.
Any impact on the Constitutional Court or on his members, connected with activities for implementation of the constitutional control, inadmissibly also attracts legal accountability.
Constitutional court, resolving cases, is guided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, international legal acts ratified by the Republic of Belarus, and also the laws and other regulations.
By consideration of questions of compliance of regulations of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus the Constitutional Court proceeds from presumption of their constitutionality.
Independence of the Constitutional Court is provided with special procedure for appointment, election of judges and their dismissal, immunity of judges, the established procedure of hearing of cases and the questions which are within the competence of the Constitutional Court, the mystery of meeting of judges in the consultative room, responsibility for disrespect for the Constitutional Court or intervention in its activities, creation of proper organizational specifications for its work and also the material and social security of judges corresponding to their high status.
Hearing of cases, being within the competence of the Constitutional Court, is performed jointly.
Cases are permitted by the Constitutional Court openly, except as specified, provided by part three of article 26 of this Law.
The solution of the Constitutional Court in all cases is announced publicly.
Trial in meetings of the Constitutional Court happens orally. During hearing of cases the Constitutional Court hears the parties, their representatives, experts, specialists, witnesses, announces the documents which are available in case.
By hearing of cases by the Constitutional Court of the party have the equal rights.
The constitutional legal proceedings are based on the basis of competitiveness of the parties.
Production in the Constitutional Court is conducted in the Belarusian and (or) Russian languages.
Competence, the organization and procedure for activities of the Constitutional Court are determined by the Constitution and this Law.
Questions of ensuring activities of the Constitutional Court and its members can be solved other acts of the legislation.
According to this Law the Constitutional Court accepts regulations of the activities.
The constitutional court considers cases and draws the conclusions about:
compliance of the laws, decrees and presidential decrees of the Republic of Belarus, the international contractual and other commitments of the Republic of Belarus to the Constitution and international legal acts ratified by the Republic of Belarus;
compliance of acts of interstate educations which include the Republic of Belarus, the presidential decrees of the Republic of Belarus issued in pursuance of the law, to the Constitution, international legal acts ratified by the Republic of Belarus, to the laws and decrees;
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