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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of December 2, 1994 No. 3434-XII

About highways and road activities

(as amended on 05-01-2022)

This Law determines legal, economic and organizational basis of regulation of the relations connected with implementation of road activities, ensuring safety of highways, improvement of their technological level and operational condition, use of highways for the purpose of requirements satisfaction of economy and the population in transport services.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms and their determinations applied in this Law

For the purposes of this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:

the highway - the complex construction intended for movement with the established speeds, loadings and dimensions of cars and other land vehicles and also the parcels of land provided for placement of the objects which are part of this construction;

the highway of uncommon use - the highway, held for use according to the procedure, established by its owner taking into account the requirements established by the legislation;

the highway public - the highway, held for use any persons taking into account the requirements established by the legislation;

construction of the highway - complex of engineering, infrastructure and management processes on highway construction;

road activities - activities for designing, construction, reconstruction, operation (content and running repair), major repair of highways, and also other related works (services);

road constructions - engineering (artificial) constructions (the bridge, the overpass, platform, tunnel and another) for the omission of vehicles, pedestrians, animal in places of crossing of the highway with natural or artificial obstacle;

major repair of the highway - complex of works on replacement and (or) recovery of structural elements of the highway, road constructions and (or) their parts which accomplishment is performed within the established admissible values and technical characteristics of class and category of the highway and in case of which accomplishment constructional and other features of reliability and safety of the highway are mentioned and borders of right of way and geometrical parameters of the highway do not change;

structural element of the highway - the design perceiving external and internal loads and transferring to their other designs or the basis;

objects of road service - the buildings and constructions located within right of way and intended for servicing of participants of traffic (stopping points of buses, including with pavilions, platforms for short-term stop of vehicles, recreational areas with parking of vehicles, devices of emergency and calling communication and other buildings and constructions);

objects of roadside service - the buildings and constructions located on roadside strip (in the controlled area) and intended for servicing of participants of traffic along the line (hotels, including motels and hostels, campings, service stations, gas stations, parkings, shopping facilities, objects of public catering, mail service, telecommunication, rendering insurance and other services, medical stations, sinks and other buildings and constructions);

the organizations of the state road farm - the organizations performing road activities and subordinated to republican state body in the field of highways and road activities or to local executive and administrative organs;

right of way - the parcels of land (irrespective of category of lands) which are intended for placement of structural elements of the highway, road constructions, other objects, stipulated by the legislation and on which objects of road service are located or can be located;

users of highways - the legal entities and physical persons using the highway as participants of traffic or performing activities which do not belong to road, within right of way;

roadside strips (controlled areas) - the parcels of land which adjoin on both sides to right of way and in which borders the specific mode of their use for the purpose of providing safety requirements of traffic, and also creation of necessary conditions for reconstruction, operation (content and running repair), major repair of the highway, its safety taking into account perspectives of development of the highway is set;

designing of the highway - the production process consisting of complex of construction work and economic calculations and performed on materials of engineering researches;

reconstruction of the highway - complex of works in case of which accomplishment change of parameters of the highway is performed, its sites, leading to change of class and (or) category of the highway or involving change of border of right of way;

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